USS Dolphin (1777)

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For other ships of the same name, see USS Dolphin.
Career
Name: USS Dolphin
Acquired: by purchase, February 1777
Fate: Seized by the British, September 1777
General characteristics
Type: Cutter
Propulsion: Sail
Armament: 10 guns
Service record
Part of: Continental Navy
Commanders: Lt. Samuel Nicholson

The first Dolphin was a cutter in the Continental Navy.

Dolphin was purchased in February 1777 at Dover, England, and outfitted for use in the Continental Navy at Nantes, France. She was placed under the command of Lieutenant Samuel Nicholson and sailed from St. Auzeau, France on 28 May 1777 with Reprisal and Lexington, in a squadron commanded by Captain Lambert Wickes in Reprisal.

During a cruise off Ireland this squadron captured and sent into port eight prizes, sank seven, and released three, throwing British shipping circles into an uproar. A 74-gun British warship gave chase to the squadron and Reprisal drew him off to enable the other ships to reach port safely. Dolphin arrived at Saint-Malo, France, 27 June 1777 where she was repaired and converted into a packet ship. On 19 September she put into the Loire for further repairs.

Owing to diplomatic protests by the British that American vessels should not be allowed to use neutral ports to prey upon British shipping, Dolphin was seized by the British.

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