USS Erie (PG-50)
Erie in 1940
|Builder:||New York Navy Yard, Brooklyn, New York|
|Launched:||29 January 1936|
|Commissioned:||1 July 1936|
|Fate:||Torpedoed and beached on 12 November 1942; capsized during attempted salvage, 5 December|
|General characteristics |
|Class & type:||Erie-class gunboat|
|Displacement:||2,000 long tons (2,000 t) (standard)
2,715 long tons (2,759 t) (full load)
|Length:||328 ft 6 in (100.13 m) o/a
308 ft (94 m) p.p.
|Beam:||41 ft 3 in (12.57 m)|
|Draft:||14 ft 10 in (4.52 m) (full load)|
|Installed power:||6,200 shp (4,600 kW)|
|Propulsion:||2 × Parsons geared single reduction steam turbines
2 × Babcock & Wilcox boilers
2 × shafts
|Speed:||20 kn (23 mph; 37 km/h)|
|Armament:||4 × 6 in (150 mm)/47 cal guns
16 × 1.1 in (28 mm)/75 cal anti-aircraft guns (4x4)
|Armor:||Belt: 1 in (2.5 cm)
Deck: 1.25 in (3.2 cm)
Conning Tower: 3 in (7.6 cm)
Gunshields: 1 in (2.5 cm)
|Aircraft carried:||1 × floatplane|
USS Erie (PG-50) was the lead ship in a class of two United States Navy patrol gunboats. Launched and commissioned in 1936, she operated in the Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea until torpedoed and fatally damaged by a German submarine in 1942.
The two gunboats of the Erie class were ordered in June 1933, with the first ship of class, Erie, laid down at the New York Naval Shipyard on 17 December 1934. Erie was launched on 29 February 1936 and commissioned on 1 July 1936.
Erie spent November and December 1936 on her shakedown cruise protecting American interests and citizens during the Spanish Civil War. For most of 1937 she trained midshipmen, operating out of United States Naval Academy in Annapolis. On 3 February 1938 she became flagship of the Special Service Squadron which operated along the coasts of Central and South America. Her duties included training, neutrality patrol, and guard ship for the Panama Canal.
On 21 January 1939, Erie participated in search-and-rescue efforts related to the ditching and sinking of the Imperial Airways Short Empire flying boat Cavalier in the Atlantic Ocean. She transferred a doctor to the commercial tanker Esso Baytown, which rescued the airliner 's 10 survivors, but because of the high seas and darkness had to discontinue the search for the other three people who had been aboard Cavalier.
|This section requires expansion with: more of the ship's history prior to World War II. (November 2011)|
World War II
At the outbreak of World War II Erie was stationed Balboa, Panama, at the Pacific end of the Panama Canal. On 13 December 1941, Erie picked up 50 Japanese internees at Puntarenas from the Costa Rican government. On 14 December, Erie boarded MV Sea Ray and removed a Japanese on board, and ordered Sea Ray into Balboa the next day. On 16 December, she boarded MV Santa Margarita and ordered her to Puntarenas, and later the same day, towed a disabled motor boat, Orion, into the same port.
On 12 November while leading convoy TAG-20 between Trinidad and Guantanamo Bay, Erie was struck by one of three torpedoes fired by U-163. She was badly damaged, and had 7 crew killed and 11 wounded. She was beached to prevent her sinking, and burned for days.
A few weeks later, Erie was raised and towed to the inner harbor of Willemstad. On 5 December, during further preparations for salvage, Erie capsized. The wreck was left in place until 1952, when it was partially raised, towed out to sea, and sunk in deep water.
- American Defense Service Medal with "FLEET" clasp
- American Campaign Medal with one battle star
- World War II Victory Medal
- Lenton 1974, pp. 3–4
- "USN Erie". Dictionary of American Naval fighting ships. United States Navy. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
- Egan 1969, p. 115.
- "Air Liner Sunk in Atlantic - Three Lives Lost" (News). The Times (London). Monday, 23 January 1939. (48210), col C, p. 12.
- Cressman, Robert (2000). "Chapter III: 1941". The official chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-55750-149-3. OCLC 41977179. Retrieved 18 December 2007.
- Egan, Robert S. (Spring 1969). "Erie Class Gunboats". Warship International. Vol. VI (No. 2): pp. 115–123.
- Lenton, H.T. (1974). World War 2 Fact Files: American Gunboats and Minesweepers. London: Macdonald and Jane's. ISBN 0-356-08064-1.