USS Fort Worth (LCS-3)

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USS Fort Worth (LCS-3) at sea off Hawaii in November 2014.JPG
Fort Worth off Hawaii in November 2014
Career (United States)
Name: Fort Worth
Namesake: Fort Worth, Texas
Awarded: 23 March 2009[1]
Builder: Marinette Marine[2]
Laid down: 11 July 2009[2]
Launched: 7 December 2010
Sponsored by: Kay Granger[3]
Christened: 4 December 2010[3]
Acquired: 6 June 2012[4]
Commissioned: 22 September 2012
Homeport: Naval Base San Diego[1]
Honors and
awards:
Battle E 2013 (LCS Crew 103 Rough Riders)
Status: In active service, as of 2015
Badge: USS Forth Worth LCS3 Crest.png
General characteristics
Class and type: Freedom-class littoral combat ship
Displacement: 3,500 metric tons (3,900 short tons) (full load)[5]
Length: 387 ft (118 m)[1]
Beam: 58 ft (17.7 m)[1]
Draft: 13.0 ft (3.9 m)[1]
Propulsion: 2 Rolls-Royce MT30 36 MW gas turbines, 2 Colt-Pielstick diesel engines, 4 Rolls-Royce waterjets
Speed: 45 knots (52 mph; 83 km/h) (sea state 3)
Range: 3,500 nmi (6,500 km; 4,000 mi) at 18 knots (21 mph; 33 km/h)[6]
Endurance: 21 days (504 hours)
Boats and landing
craft carried:
11 m RHIB, 40 ft (12 m) high-speed boats
Complement: 35-50 core crew, 75 mission crew (Rotating crews)
Armament:
Aircraft carried:
Notes: Electrical power is provided by 4 Isotta Fraschini V1708 diesel engines with Hitzinger generator units rated at 800 kW each.

USS Fort Worth (LCS-3) is a Freedom-class littoral combat ship of the United States Navy. She is the first ship to be named after Fort Worth, Texas, the 17th-largest city in the United States.

Construction[edit]

Fort Worth sliding into the Menominee River during her christening ceremony on 4 December 2010

Her name was announced 6 March 2009.[7] This was after a long public relations campaign by United States Representative Kay Granger, former Deputy Defense Secretary Gordon R. England, and others.[8] The ship was built by Lockheed-Martin.[9] Her keel was laid on 11 July 2009 during a ceremony at Marinette Marine Shipyard in Marinette, Wisconsin.[10]

Fort Worth includes additional stability improvements to deal with issues found on USS Freedom (LCS-1).[11]

The 80% completed ship was launched by its contractor on 4 December 2010.[12][13] The vessel underwent sea trials in Lake Michigan during late 2011, with the completion of these trials announced on 24 October 2011. The ship successfully completed its acceptance trials, which also took place on Lake Michigan, on 4 May 2012.[14][15] The inspectors found only ten severe deficiencies during the trials, an "exponential" improvement over Freedom.[16]

The improvements to the ship include a lengthened hull, which makes her faster than Freedom and ten percent more fuel efficient. Fort Worth was commissioned in Galveston, Texas 22 September 2012.[17] She set sail on a 16 month deployment in the Fall of 2014.[18]

Fort Worth will rely on automated sensors to perform "conditions-based maintenance" and hopefully avoid the greatly overworked crew problems that Freedom had on her first deployment.[19]

Deployments[edit]

In November 2013, Fort Worth conducted successful live-fire tests of its 57 mm and 30 mm cannons against small boat targets conducting swarm attacks. Fort Worth was moving fast through the water and assisted by an MH-60R helicopter. The ship's fire control system locked on to and fired on the small maneuvering boats in day and night situations with optical sights. The helicopter provided radar targeting which was passed on to the ship's fire control system.[20] Fort Worth conducted additional evaluations of its surface warfare technologies in early 2014 in scenarios involving small boat swarms, engagements with its 57 mm gun, and search and seizure exercises. Evaluations were successful and validated the surface warfare mission package on the ship.[21]

In November 2013, Fort Worth became the first LCS to test operations with the Northrop Grumman MQ-8 Fire Scout a critical capacity for the LCS program.[22]

On 10 September 2014, the commander of the U.S. 7th Fleet announced that Fort Worth would deploy to the Asia-Pacific region in January 2015. The ship will be used to expand operational envelopes that were not done by the previous deployment of USS Freedom to the region, particularly concerning the mine counter measures (MCM) package. Emphasis on MCM is based on periodic provocations made by North Korea, which has deployed sea mines around the peninsula that have sunk South Korean vessels in the past, so the Navy wants to test the MCM mission in and around the Korean peninsula. Another area of focus is to use the ship to provide "non-traditional" maritime lift for U.S. Marines due to constraints in the number of big deck amphibious vessels available to the 7th Fleet. Operational trials made by Freedom also showed the potential to improve vertical lift replenishment in shallow waters.[23] She deployed with the surface warfare mission-equipment package and was the first LCS deployment with the MQ-8B.[24]

Fort Worth departed its homeport of San Diego on 17 November 2014 for a 16-month rotational deployment to Singapore in support of the U.S. Navy's strategic rebalance to the Pacific. The ship is the first LCS to deploy under the "3-2-1" manning concept, swapping fully trained crews roughly every four months. Under this concept three rotational crews will support two LCS ships and maintain one deployed ship. Fort Worth also deploys with an aviation detachment from Helicopter Maritime Strike Squadron 35 (HSM-35) "Magicians", the U.S. Navy's first composite expeditionary helicopter squadron. The aviation detachment will consist of one MH-60R Seahawk helicopter and one Northrop Grumman MQ-8 Fire Scout unmanned autonomous helicopter.[25] Fort Worth reached the 7th Fleet area of responsibility on 4 December 2014. The ship is expected to remain in the area until March 2016.[26] It will be the longest deployment of a U.S. warship in 42 years, since USS Midway (CV-41) was under way for 327 days in 1973. The long deployment is to stress the Navy’s logistics capabilities and identify potential problems. Once the deployment is completed, Freedom will take its place, returning to the area again.[27]

On 31 December 2014, Fort Worth was dispatched from Singapore to the Java Sea to take part in the search for Indonesia AirAsia Flight 8501 that crashed on the 28th.[28][29] On 3 January 2015 she arrived in the area to commence search efforts alongside USS Sampson (DDG-102) at the request of the Indonesian government. The maneuverability and shallow draft of the design allows her to conduct expeditious visual and radar searches in the congested, shallow water environment.[30] Both ships concluded search efforts on 15 January 2015 after performing 650 combined search hours. The Fort Worth provided unique capabilities over the larger Sampson, and employed her two 11-meter RHIBs in 107 hours of operations. A team from Mobile Diving and Salvage Unit One was embarked on the ship, operating three Tow Fish side scan sonar systems to search for wreckage during 78 hours over 12 sq nmi (16 sq mi; 41 km2), the AN/PQS-2A passive sonar to listen for black box pings during 17 hours over 24 sq nmi (32 sq mi; 82 km2), and a remotely operated vehicle to investigate objects.[31]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Fort Worth". Naval Vessel Register. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Keel to be Laid for Third Littoral Combat Ship". Navy News Service. 10 July 2009. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Navy to Christen Littoral Combat Ship Fort Worth". Navy News Service. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "Navy Accepts Delivery of LCS 3". Navy News Service. 6 June 2012. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "Littoral Combat Ship Class - LCS". America's Navy. US Navy. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  6. ^ "LCS Littoral Combat Ship". Retrieved 2009-03-08. [dead link]
  7. ^ "Navy Names Littoral Combat Ship USS Fort Worth" (Press release). Department of Defense. 6 March 2009. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  8. ^ Vaughn, Chris (7 March 2009). "Navy's next warship to be named for Fort Worth". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved 8 March 2009. [dead link]
  9. ^ "National Briefing: Lockheed Gets Second Ship Deal". Washington Post. 24 March 2009. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  10. ^ "Keel Laid for USS Fort Worth (LCS 3)". Marine Link. 13 July 2011. Archived from the original on 24 October 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  11. ^ O'Rourke, Ronald (4 May 2010). "Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  12. ^ "Marinette Marine Christens USS Fort Worth". WTAQ.com. 5 October 2011. Archived from the original on 24 October 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  13. ^ "LCS 3 Fort Worth Will Be Christened and Launched Dec.". Defense Media Network. 2 December 2010. Archived from the original on 24 October 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  14. ^ "USA: Lockheed Martin Completes Sea Trials for Third Littoral Combat Ship". Shipbuilding Tribune. 24 October 2011. Archived from the original on 24 October 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  15. ^ "USS Fort Worth (LCS 3) Completes Acceptance Trials". Navy News Service. 7 May 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  16. ^ Steele, Jeanette (7 August 2012). "Third littoral class ship much improved, Navy says.". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  17. ^ Nishimura, Scott (22 September 2012). "USS Fort Worth commissioned in Galveston". Fort Worth Star Telegram. [dead link]
  18. ^ Cavas, Christopher P. (6 January 2014). "Next LCS Deployment To Last 16 Months". defensenews.com. Gannett Government Media Corporation. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  19. ^ Freedberg Jr., Sydney J. (4 April 2014). "Sleepless In Singapore: LCS Is Undermanned & Overworked, Says GAO". breakingdefense.com. Breaking Media, Inc. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  20. ^ Osborn, Kris (12 November 2013). "LCS Defends Against Swarm Boats in Live Fire Tests". Defensetech.org. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  21. ^ Osborn, Kris (1 May 2014). "LCS Fort Worth Completes Test as Congress Cools on Program". Defensetech.org. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  22. ^ "USS Fort Worth Launches First UAV, Demonstrates LCS Capability". www.navy.mil. Navy News Service. 15 November 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  23. ^ "Second US LCS to arrive in Asia end of 2014]". Shephardmedia.com. 10 September 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  24. ^ Osborn, Kris (13 November 2014). "Fort Worth First LCS to Deploy with Drone Aircraft". defensetech.org. Monster. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  25. ^ "USS Fort Worth Commences 16-Month Rotational Deployment to Western Pacific". Navy News Service. 17 November 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  26. ^ LaGrone, Sam (4 December 2014). "USS Fort Worth LCS Chops to 7th Fleet". USNI.org. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  27. ^ Hlad, Jennifer (13 November 2014). "Littoral combat ship readies for Pacific deployment, the Navy’s longest in decades". Stars and Stripes.com. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  28. ^ "Second San Diego-Based Navy Ship Joins In Recovery Effort For Air Asia Jet". KPBS.com (KPBS). 30 December 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  29. ^ LaGrone, Sam (30 December 2014). "U.S. Destroyer Sampson On Station for Airliner Search, Fort Worth LCS Being Made Ready". USNI.org. Retrieved 31 December 2014. 
  30. ^ USS Fort Worth Joins USS Sampson in AirAsia Search Effort - CPF.Navy.mil, 2 January 2015
  31. ^ USS Sampson and USS Fort Worth Detach From AirAsia Search - Navy.mil, 15 January 2015

External links[edit]