USS Fort Worth (LCS-3)

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USS Fort Worth (LCS-3) leaving San Diego in November 2014.JPG
Fort Worth leaving San Diego in November 2014
Career (US)
Name: Fort Worth
Namesake: Fort Worth, Texas
Awarded: 23 March 2009[1]
Builder: Marinette Marine[2]
Laid down: 11 July 2009[2]
Launched: 7 December 2010
Sponsored by: Kay Granger[3]
Christened: 4 December 2010[3]
Acquired: 6 June 2012[4]
Commissioned: 22 September 2012
Homeport: Naval Base San Diego[1]
Honors and
awards:
Battle E 2013 (LCS Crew 103 Rough Riders)
Status: in active service, as of 2014
Badge: USS Forth Worth LCS3 Crest.png
General characteristics
Displacement: 3450 tons (full load)[1]
Length: 387 ft (118 m)[1]
Beam: 58 ft (17.7 m)[1]
Draft: 13.0 ft (3.9 m)[1]
Propulsion: 2 Rolls-Royce MT30 36 MW gas turbines, 2 Colt-Pielstick diesel engines, 4 Rolls-Royce waterjets
Speed: 45 knots (52 mph; 83 km/h) (sea state 3)
Range: 3,500 nmi (6,500 km) at 18 knots (21 mph; 33 km/h)[5]
Endurance: 21 days (504 hours)
Boats & landing
craft carried:
11 m RHIB, 40 ft (12 m) high-speed boats
Complement: 35 to 50 core crew, 75 mission crew (Rotating crews)
Armament:
Aircraft carried:
Notes: Electrical power is provided by 4 Isotta Fraschini V1708 diesel engines with Hitzinger generator units rated at 800 kW each.

USS Fort Worth (LCS-3) is a Freedom class littoral combat ship of the United States Navy. She is the first ship to be named after Fort Worth, Texas, the 17th-largest city in the United States.

Construction[edit]

Her name was announced 6 March 2009.[6] This was after a long public relations campaign by United States Representative Kay Granger, former Deputy Defense Secretary Gordon R. England, and others.[7] The ship was built by Lockheed-Martin.[8] Her keel was laid on 11 July 2009 during a ceremony at Marinette Marine Shipyard in Marinette, Wisconsin.[9]

Fort Worth includes additional stability improvements to deal with issues found on USS Freedom (LCS-1).[10]

The 80% completed ship was launched by its contractor on 4 December 2010.[11][12] The vessel underwent sea trials in Lake Michigan during late 2011, with the completion of these trials announced on 24 October 2011. The ship successfully completed its acceptance trials, which also took place on Lake Michigan, on 4 May 2012.[13][14] The inspectors only found ten severe deficiencies during the trials, an "exponential" improvement over Freedom.[15]

The improvements to the ship include a lengthened hull, which makes her faster than Freedom and ten percent more fuel efficient. Fort Worth was commissioned in Galveston, Texas 22 September 2012.[16] She will set sail on a 16 month deployment in the late fall of 2014.[17]

The Fort Worth will rely on automated sensors to perform "conditions-based maintenance" and hopefully avoid the greatly overworked crew problems that Freedom had on her first deployment.[18]

Deployments[edit]

In November 2013, the Fort Worth conducted successful live-fire tests of its 57 mm and 30 mm canons against small boat targets conducting swarm attacks. The Fort Worth was moving fast through the water and assisted by an MH-60R helicopter. The ship's fire control system locked on to and fired on the small maneuvering boats in day and night situations with optical sights. The helicopter provided radar targeting which was passed on to the ship's fire control system.[19] The Fort Worth conducted additional evaluations of its surface warfare technologies in early 2014 in scenarios involving small boat swarms, engagements with its 57 mm gun, and search and seizure exercises. Evaluations were successful and validated the surface warfare mission package on the ship.[20]

In November 2013, Fort Worth became the first LCS to test operations with the Northrop Grumman MQ-8 Fire Scout a critical capacity for the LCS program.[21]

On 10 September 2014, the commander of the U.S. 7th Fleet announced that the Fort Worth would deploy to the Asia-Pacific region in January 2015. The ship will be used to expand operational envelopes that were not done by the previous deployment of the USS Freedom to the region, particularly concerning the mine counter measures (MCM) package. Emphasis on MCM is based on periodic provocations made by North Korea, which has deployed sea mines around the peninsula that have sank South Korean vessels in the past, so the Navy wants to test the MCM mission in and around the Korean peninsula. Another area of focus is to use the ship to provide "non-traditional" maritime lift for U.S. Marines due to constraints in the number of big deck amphibious vessels available to the 7th Fleet. Operational trials made by the Freedom also showed the potential to improve vertical lift replenishment in shallow waters.[22] She will actually deploy with the "surface warfare mission-equipment package" and this will be the first LCS deployment with the MQ-8B.[23]

Fort Worth departed its homeport of San Diego on 17 November 2014 for a 16-month rotational deployment to Singapore in support of the U.S. Navy's strategic rebalance to the Pacific. The ship is the first LCS to deploy under the "3-2-1" manning concept, swapping fully trained crews roughly every four months. Under this concept three rotational crews will support two LCS ships and maintain one deployed ship. Fort Worth also deploys with an aviation detachment from Helicopter Maritime Strike Squadron 35 (HSM-35) "Magicians", the U.S. Navy's first composite expeditionary helicopter squadron. The aviation detachment will consist of one MH-60R Seahawk helicopter and one Northrop Grumman MQ-8 Fire Scout unmanned autonomous helicopter.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Fort Worth". Naval Vessel Register. Retrieved 4 December 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Keel to be Laid for Third Littoral Combat Ship". Navy News Service. 10 July 2009. Retrieved 11 December 2010. 
  3. ^ a b Department of Defense (1 December 2010). "Navy to Christen Littoral Combat Ship Fort Worth". Navy News Service. Retrieved 2 December 2010. 
  4. ^ Department of Defense (6 June 2012). "Navy Accepts Delivery of LCS 3". Navy News Service. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  5. ^ "LCS Littoral Combat Ship". Retrieved 2009-03-08. [dead link]
  6. ^ "Navy Names Littoral Combat Ship USS Fort Worth" (Press release). Department of Defense. 6 March 2009. Retrieved 8 December 2010. 
  7. ^ Vaughn, Chris (7 March 2009). "Navy's next warship to be named for Fort Worth". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved 8 March 2009. [dead link]
  8. ^ Washington Post (24 March 2009). "National Briefing: Lockheed Gets Second Ship Deal" (Newspaper article). Washington Post. Retrieved 2 December 2010. 
  9. ^ "Keel Laid for USS Fort Worth (LCS 3)". Marine Link. 13 July 2011. Archived from the original on 24 October 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2011. 
  10. ^ Congressional Research Service RL33741 Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress Ronald O'Rourke Specialist in Naval Affairs May 4, 2010
  11. ^ "Marinette Marine Christens USS Fort Worth". WTAQ.com. 5 October 2011. Archived from the original on 24 October 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2011. 
  12. ^ "LCS 3 Fort Worth Will Be Christened and Launched Dec.". Defense Media Network. 2 December 2010. Archived from the original on 24 October 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2011. 
  13. ^ "USA: Lockheed Martin Completes Sea Trials for Third Littoral Combat Ship". Shipbuilding Tribune. 24 October 2011. Archived from the original on 24 October 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2011. 
  14. ^ "USS Fort Worth (LCS 3) Completes Acceptance Trials". Navy News Service. 7 May 2012. Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  15. ^ Steele, Jeanette. "Third littoral class ship much improved, Navy says." The San Diego Union-Tribune, 7 August 2012.
  16. ^ Nishimura, Scott (22 September 2012). "Star-Telegram Article Link:USS Fort Worth commissioned in Galveston". Fort Worth Star Telegram. 
  17. ^ CAVAS, CHRISTOPHER P. (6 January 2014). "Next LCS Deployment To Last 16 Months". defensenews.com. Gannett Government Media Corporation. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  18. ^ Freedberg Jr., Sydney J. (4 April 2014). "Sleepless In Singapore: LCS Is Undermanned & Overworked, Says GAO". breakingdefense.com. Breaking Media, Inc. Retrieved 6 April 2014. 
  19. ^ LCS Defends Against Swarm Boats in Live Fire Tests - Defensetech.org, 12 November 2013
  20. ^ LCS Fort Worth Completes Test as Congress Cools on Program - Defensetech.org, 1 May 2014
  21. ^ "USS Fort Worth Launches First UAV, Demonstrates LCS Capability". www.navy.mil. United States Navy. 15 November 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2014. 
  22. ^ Second US LCS to arrive in Asia end of 2014 - Shephardmedia.com, 10 September 2014
  23. ^ Osborn, Kris (13 November 2014). "Fort Worth First LCS to Deploy with Drone Aircraft". defensetech.org (Monster). Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  24. ^ http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=84483

External links[edit]