USS Gearing (DD-710)

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USSGearing.jpg
USS Gearing (DD-710)
Career (United States)
Name: USS Gearing (DD-710)
Namesake: Gearing family
Builder: Federal Shipbuilding & Drydock Co. of Kearny, New Jersey
Laid down: 10 August 1944
Launched: 18 February 1945
Commissioned: 3 May 1945
Decommissioned: 1973
Struck: 1 July 1973
Fate: Sold for scrap on 6 November 1974.
General characteristics
Type: Gearing-class destroyer
Displacement:
  • 2,616 tons standard
  • 3,460 tons full load
Length: 390.6 ft (119.1 m)
Beam: 40.10 ft (12.22 m)
Draft: 14.4 ft (4.4 m)
Propulsion:
  • 2 shafts
  • General Electric steam turbines
  • 4 boilers
  • 60,000 shp
Speed: 36.8 knots (68.2 km/h)
Range: 4,500 nmi (8,330 km) at 20 knots (37 km/h)
Complement: 336[1]
Armament:
  • 6 x 5 inch/38 dual purpose guns
  • 12 x 40 mm anti-aircraft guns
  • 11 x 20 mm anti-aircraft guns
  • 10 x 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes

USS Gearing (DD-710) was the lead ship of her class of destroyers in the United States Navy. She was named for three generations of the Gearing family, Commander Henry Chalfant Gearing, Sr., Captain Henry Chalfant Gearing, Jr. and Lieutenant Henry Chalfant Gearing, III.[2]

Construction[edit]

Gearing was launched on 18 February 1945 by the Federal Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Kearny, New Jersey. The Gearing was sponsored by Mrs. Thomas M. Foley, daughter of Commander Gearing and commissioned 3 May 1945 with Commander T. H. Copeman in command.

History[edit]

After shakedown off Cuba, Gearing reached Norfolk 22 July 1945 and trained precommisioning crews for other destroyers until putting in at Casco Bay, Maine, 5 October. Celebration of Navy Day from 26 to 29 October at New London, Connecticut, gave 5,000 citizens the chance to board the powerful destroyer. Subsequently Gearing put in at Pensacola, Florida, 4 November to screen carrier Ranger during carrier qualification operations.

Returning to Norfolk 21 March 1946, she conducted peacetime operations along the Atlantic coast of North and South America, in the Caribbean, visiting Montevideo, Uruguay; and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Gearing sailed 10 November 1947 on her first Mediterranean cruise,[3] calling at Algeria, Malta, Italy, and France before mooring again at Norfolk 11 March 1948.

Peacetime operations along the eastern seaboard and in the Caribbean prepared her for a second cruise to European waters; the destroyer visited most of the nations washed by the Mediterranean from 10 November 1947 to 11 March 1948 and duplicated this long voyage from 4 January to 23 May 1949.

During the fall of 1949 Gearing took part in Operation Frostbite, an Arctic cruise test and development of cold weather techniques and equipment. She continued operations off the east coast of the United States and in the Caribbean through 1950. Another voyage from 10 January to 17 May 1951 brought her from Norfolk to the Mediterranean and return; the remainder of the year was occupied by training cruises as far north as Halifax and south to Cuban waters.

By now Gearing had established the pattern of peacetime operations she followed well into the 1960s: "Med" cruises usually once a year, and exercise in the Atlantic and Caribbean. These kept her in fighting trim for the ceaseless duties of seapower. She was modernized and overhauled late 1961 through early 1962 at Boston.

In October 1962[4] Gearing took part in the American "quarantine" patrol against Cuba as the world trembled on the brink of war and was the first to intercept a Soviet vessel.[2] This swift and classic use of power at sea solved the crisis. On 1 November Gearing returned to Norfolk. Through the remainder of 1962 she continued operations in the Atlantic.

The USS Gearing on manoeuvres in 1967

After participating in Operation "Springboard-63." early in 1963, Gearing sailed for the Mediterranean in March serving with the 6th Fleet during the summer. She returned to Newport in September for a "FRAM I" overhaul. Following operations in the Caribbean and North Atlantic in the spring and summer of 1964, Gearing entered the Mediterranean 4 October to rejoin the 6th Fleet. After returning home early in 1965, she continued operating in the Atlantic Fleet into 1967.

She was decommissioned in 1973, stricken on 1 July 1973 and sold for scrap on 6 November 1974.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "USS GEARING". hullnumber.com. Retrieved 21 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "USS GEARING". destroyers.org. Retrieved 21 April 2013. 
  3. ^ "USS Gearing (DD-710)". mesothelioma.com. Retrieved 21 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "Fifty years ago". proflyersinc.com. Retrieved 21 April 2013.