USS General M. C. Meigs (AP-116)

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This article is about the P2 transport ship built in 1944 and wrecked in 1972. For the troopship built in 1921 and sunk in 1942, see USAT Meigs.

She is sometimes confused with another ship with a similar name, the USAT Meigs.

USS General General M. C. Meigs (AP-119)
USS General M. C. Meigs (AP-116), Hampton Roads, 4 July 1944
Career (USA)
Name: USS General M. C. Meigs
Namesake: General M. C. Meigs, US Army
Builder: Federal Shipbuilding & Drydock
Laid down: 22 September 1943
Launched: 13 March 1944
Sponsored by: Mrs Henry R. Arnold
Acquired: 2 June 1944
Commissioned: 3 June 1944 – 4 March 1946
Recommissioned: 21 July 1950
Decommissioned: 1 October 1958
Reclassified: T-AP-116 (21 July 1950)
Identification: MC hull type P2-S2-R2,
MC hull no. 674
Honors and
awards:
6 service stars for Korean War service
Fate: Broken up after being stranded on 9 January 1972
General characteristics
Class & type: General John Pope-class transport
Displacement: 11,450 tons (lt)
Tons burthen: 20,175 tons fully laden
Length: 622 feet 7 inches (189.76 m)
Beam: 75 feet 6 inches (23.01 m)
Draft: 25 feet 6 inches (7.77 m)
Installed power: 17,000 shp
Propulsion: 2 steam turbines, reduction gearing, twin screw
Speed: 21 knots (39 km/h)
Capacity: 5,289
Complement: 418
Armament: 4 x single 5"/38 caliber dual purpose guns, 4 x quad 1.1" guns, replaced by 20 x single 20mm guns

USS General M. C. Meigs (AP-116) was a General John Pope class troop transport of the P2-S2-R2 type. She was a fast troop ship that transported troops for the United States in World War II and the Korean War. The ship was named after General Montgomery Cunningham Meigs, the Quartermaster General of the United States Army in the United States Civil War.

General M. C. Meigs was launched on 13 March 1944 under a Maritime Commission contract by the Federal Shipbuilding & Drydock Company of Kearny, New Jersey; she was acquired by the Navy on 2 June 1944, and commissioned at Bayonne, New Jersey the next day with Captain George W. McKean, USCG, in command. A fast troop carrier, she was capable of 21 knots (24 mph; 39 km/h) with 5200 troops on board. She was one of several of this class of transports that was manned by United States Coast Guard personnel.

World War II[edit]

After two round-trip, troop-carrying voyages between Newport News, Virginia, and Naples, Italy General Meigs departed for Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, where she was visited by Brazilian President Getúlio Vargas, and embarked 5,200 troops of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force, the first Brazilian troops to be carried by an American transport. She carried these troops to Italy, where they participated in the Italian campaign. At Naples she embarked troops, civilians, and 460 German prisoners of war for transportation to the United States, collecting additional troops at Bizerte, Tunisia, and at Oran, French Algeria.

General Meigs made two similar round-trip voyages from the United States to Italy and North Africa via Brazil, carrying thousands of American and Brazilian troops to Europe for the remaining drive against Nazi Germany, and returning several thousand others to the United States and Brazil. She later deployed troops to Panama and Puerto Rico and to Le Havre, France. From Le Havre, Naples, Marseilles, Karachi, and Nagoya, she made six more trips carrying homebound troops for New York and Brazil.

On 4 March 1946, she was decommissioned at San Francisco for transfer to the American President Lines as a passenger ship in the Pacific. She sailed from San Francisco on Jan 24, 1948, arriving in Manila, Philippines on Feb 10.

Korean War[edit]

After the outbreak of hostilities in Korea in 1950, General Meigs was assigned to the Military Sea Transportation Service. Manned by a civilian crew, she made 19 cruises to the Far East carrying thousands of American troops from the West Coast to ports in Japan and South Korea. Following the uncertain armistice on 27 July 1953, she continued to support American readiness in the Far East with troop-rotation cruises in the remainder of 1953 and through 1954.

Later events[edit]

Placed in Reduced Operational Status in 1955, she was transferred to the Maritime Administration on 1 October 1958, and entered the National Defense Reserve Fleet at Olympia, Washington.

In 1972 while under tow to the Suisun Bay layup facility, she broke her tow in a storm, and ran aground off the coast of Washington State, where she eventually broke up over the next 4 years, spilling 2.3 million gallons of heavy oil.[citation needed]

Awards[edit]

General M. C. Meigs received six service stars for Korean War service.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • navsource.org location of USNS General M. C. Meigs (T-AP-116) ex USS General M. C. Meigs (AP-116) (1944–1946)

Coordinates: 48°17′10″N 124°41′15″W / 48.286095°N 124.687566°W / 48.286095; -124.687566 Accurate coordinates of beach wreckage are 48 degrees 16 minutes 52 seconds and 124 degrees 41 minutes 9 seconds. Coordinates of Pinnacle where Meigs broke up are 48 16 53.14 and 124 40 58.30