USS George Washington (1798)

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For other ships of the same name, see USS George Washington.
Career (United States)
Launched: 1793
Acquired: 12 October 1798
Fate: sold, May 1802
General characteristics
Displacement: 624
Length: 108 ft (33 m)
Beam: 32 ft 6 in (9.91 m)
Draught: 14 ft (4.3 m)
Complement: 220 officers and enlisted
Armament: 24x9-pdrs 8x6-pdrs

The first USS George Washington was a sloop in the United States Navy. She was named after President George Washington.

George Washington was built as a merchant vessel at Providence, R.I., in 1793; purchased by the Congress at Providence 12 October 1798 from John Brown and John Francis for $10,400 in cash and $30,000 in 6 percent navy stock, for use in the developing undeclared naval war (the so-called Quasi-War) with France, and converted to a warship under the supervision of Captain Silas Talbot with Captain Patrick Fletcher in command.[1][2][3]

Service[edit]

George Washington proceeded in early December to Dominica, in the West Indies, to join Commodore John Barry's squadron for the protection of American commercial against the many French privateer's preying on US shipping and commerce. She rendezvoused with Barry in the USS United States and the USS Constitution at sea 29 December and arrived Dominica next day. For the next few months, she convoyed American ships in the West Indies, sailing from St. Christopher's Island to Tobago. During this time, with revenue cutter Pickering, she recaptured two American ships from the French: the brig Fair American 29 April 1799, and the schooner Francis on 1 May 1799.[4][5]

She departed the Caribbean in mid-1799, arriving Newport, Rhode Island, 12 June 1799, and after a short stay sailed again 2 July. On this cruise, she searched the coast for French privateers as far south as Charleston, S.C., and then took station off Santo Domingo protecting American commerce. The George Washington returned to the United States, in October 1799, for extensive repairs.[6][7]

She was taken to Philadelphia in April 1800 and there was outfitted and prepared for sea. in May 1800 Captain William Bainbridge was given command of the George Washington. Lacking a strong navy, the United States accepted the questionable alternative of trying to protect its commerce from the Barbary pirates by paying an annual tribute (extortion). Bainbridge sailed with a load of stores and timber for the Dey of Algiers on 8 August. The George Washington arrived safely in September, the first American warship to enter the Mediterranean. Unhappily, Bainbridge had to accede to threats and carry the Dey’s presents to the Sultan at Constantinople. He protested vigorously but, in the face of concentrated guns ashore and credible threats of retaliation against American shipping, he departed 19 October. The George Washington returned to Algiers on 21 January 1801, and after a visit to Alicant arrived back in the United States on 19 April 1801.[8]

The ship underwent repairs and was again fitted to carry stores and timber to Algiers. Manned with only a partial crew, she sailed 20 July 1801 and arrived in Algiers via Málaga, Spain, on 5 October 1801. After calling at Italian and French ports, she returned to Philadelphia about 15 April 1802.[9] George Washington was sold in May 1802 by the Navy agent in Philadelphia, George Harrison.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ignatius, 1938 pp.369
  2. ^ U.S.Navy, DANFS, USS George Washington, page article, 3rd prgh
  3. ^ Leiner, Frederick (2000). Millions for Defense: The Subscription Warships of 1799. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press. p. 124. 
  4. ^ Ignatius, 1938 p.373
  5. ^ U.S.Navy, DANFS, USS George Washington, page article, 4th prgh
  6. ^ Ignatius, 1938 pp.368-369
  7. ^ U.S.Navy, DANFS, USS George Washington, page article, 5th prgh
  8. ^ Harris, 1837 pp.43-46
  9. ^ Allen, 1905, pp.84-85

Bibliography[edit]

  • Allen, Gardner Weld (1905). Our Navy and the Barbary Corsairs.
    Houghton Mifflin & Co., Boston, New York and Chicago. p. 354. OCLC 2618279.
      E'Book
  • Harris, Gardner W. (1837). The Life and Services of Commodore William Bainbridge, United States navy.
    Carey Lea & Blanchard, Philadelphia. p. 254. ISBN 0945726589.
      E'Book E'Book2
  • Ignatius, Martin; Griffin, Joseph (1903). Commodore John Barry: "the father of the American navy".
    Published by the Author, Philadelphia. p. 424.
      E'Book