USS Goshen (APA-108)
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (September 2014)|
|Namesake:||A county in Wyoming|
|Builder:||Western Pipe & Steel|
|Laid down:||31 January 1944|
|Launched:||29 June 1944|
|Commissioned:||13 December 1944|
|Decommissioned:||20 April 1946|
|Renamed:||USS Goshen, Canada Mail, California Mail, La Fayette.|
|One battle star for service in World War II.|
|Fate:||Scrapped August 1973|
|Notes:||WPS Hull No. 130.
MC Hull No. 1553.
Sponsor: Mrs. James B. Black.
|Class & type:||Bayfield-class attack transport|
|Displacement:||8,100 tons, 16,100 tons fully loaded|
|Length:||492 ft (150 m)|
|Beam:||69 ft 6 in (21.18 m)|
|Draught:||26 ft 6 in (8.08 m)|
|Propulsion:||General Electric geared turbine, 2 x Foster Wheeler D-type boilers, single propeller, designed shaft horsepower 8,500|
|Boats & landing
|12 x LCVP, 4 x LCM (Mk-6), 3 x LCP(L) (MK-IV)|
|Capacity:||4,800 tons (180,500 cu. ft).|
|Complement:||Crew: 51 officers, 524 enlisted
Flag: 43 officers, 108 enlisted.
Troops: 80 officers, 1,146 enlisted
|Armament:||2 x single 5 inch/38 cal. dual purpose gun mounts, one fore and one aft.
2 x twin 40mm AA gun mounts forward, port and starboard.
Goshen, originally Sea Hare, was laid down by Western Pipe & Steel under a Maritime Commission contract on 31 January 1944. It was launched 29 June, acquired by the Navy 13 December and commissioned the same day, with Captain Carroll T. Bonney in command.
After shakedown along the California coast, Goshen departed Long Beach 4 February 1945 for additional combat and amphibious training in the Hawaiian Islands. Embarking over 1,400 troops and officers at Honolulu, she departed there for duty in the Western Pacific. Goshen made brief stops at Ulithi and Eniwetok before proceeding to the Okinawa area where the bitter campaign to secure that Japanese-held fortress was already underway.
The transport arrived off Hagushi beaches Okinawa on 17 April and immediately commenced disembarking troops and unloading cargo. Goshen completed her task 5 days later and sailed for Saipan arriving there on the 27th. After loading mail and passengers at Saipan, Russell, Florida, and New Hebrides Islands, she sailed for the United States 18 May, arriving in San Francisco 3 June.
Goshen made another cruise to the Western Pacific in July carrying troops and cargo for the final month of the war. She was at Saipan when news of the Japanese acceptance of surrender terms was received. After the war Goshen operated between the Philippines and Japan for the next 4 months as she shuttled occupation troops and cargo among the Islands.
Operation Magic Carpet
In December the transport joined the growing number of ships engaged in Operation Magic Carpet - an organized project to bring the war veterans back home immediately. On 10 December she steamed out of Sasebo with over 1,400 America bound Marines, finally arriving San Diego on the 28th.
Goshen received one battle star for World War II service.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- USS Goshen (APA-108), Navsource Online
- Mawdsley, Dean L. (2002). Steel Ships and Iron Pipe: Western Pipe and Steel Company of California: The Company, The Yard, The Ships. San Francisco: Associates of the National Maritime Museum Library. p. p. 164. ISBN 978-1-889901-28-2. OCLC 50164828.