USS Hampton (APA-115)

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USSHamptonAPA115.jpg
USS Hampton (APA-115)
Career
Namesake: a county in South Carolina
Builder: Ingalls Shipbuilding
Laid down: Unknown
Launched: 25 August 1944
Christened: USS Hampton
Commissioned: 17 February 1945
Decommissioned: 30 April 1946
Renamed: P & T Explorer.
Fate: Scrapped, 1973.
Notes: MC Hull No. 876.
Type C3-S-A2.
Sponsor: Mrs. Harry Gilmore.
General characteristics
Class & type: Bayfield-class attack transport
Displacement: 8,100 tons, 16,100 tons fully loaded
Length: 492 ft (150 m)
Beam: 69 ft 6 in (21.18 m)
Draft: 26 ft 6 in (8.08 m)
Propulsion: General Electric geared turbine, 2 x Foster Wheeler D-type boilers, single propeller, designed shaft horsepower 8,500
Speed: 18 knots
Boats & landing
craft carried:
12 x LCVP, 4 x LCM (Mk-6), 3 x LCP(L) (MK-IV)
Capacity: 4,800 tons (180,500 cu. ft).
Complement: Crew: 51 officers, 524 enlisted
Flag: 43 officers, 108 enlisted.
Troops: 80 officers, 1,146 enlisted
Armament:

2 x single 5 inch/38 cal. dual purpose gun mounts, one fore and one aft.
2 × twin 40mm AA gun mounts.
2 x single 40mm AA gun mounts.

18 x single 20mm AA gun mounts.
For other ships of the same name, see USS Hampton.

USS Hampton (APA-115) was a Bayfield-class attack transport that served with the US Navy during World War II.

The second US Navy ship to bear the name, Hampton was launched 25 August 1944 under Maritime Commission contract by Ingalls Shipbuilding of Pascagoula, Mississippi, and commissioned 17 February 1945, Comdr. W. H. Ferguson in command.

Operational history[edit]

After completing her shakedown training out of Galveston, Hampton arrived Newport, Rhode Island 20 March for duty as a training ship for pre-commissioning crews. She continued this vital duty until departing 7 May for Norfolk, Virginia to embark troops destined for Hawaii. The transport sailed 19 May and arrived Pearl Harbor via the Panama Canal 9 June. At Hawaii Hampton embarked over 1,000 members of the 34th Construction Battalion and sailed for Guam where she arrived 6 July 1945. After disembarking her Seabees, so vital to the success of the island campaign in the Pacific, the transport sailed to the east, arriving San Francisco 25 July.

After hostilities[edit]

Hampton sailed from San Francisco 13 August, just prior to the surrender of Japan, and arrived Samar Island via Ulithi and Eniwetok 7 September. Joining the vast fleet carrying occupation forces to Japan, Hampton landed troops at Aomori Bay, Honshū, 25 September, and then returned to Okinawa for more occupation units. During October she carried these troops to Jinsen, Korea; Chefoo and Tsingtao, China, helping to speed occupation of these ports and stabilize the volatile China situation.

Operation Magic Carpet[edit]

Hampton departed Tsingtao for Portland, Oregon via Okinawa and Leyte, arriving 28 October 1945. She then made two voyages to Guam as part of the Operation Magic Carpet fleet, performing the giant task of bringing home the thousands of Pacific veterans. After returning to the Pacific coast from the second voyage 10 February 1946, the transport sailed for the East Coast, arriving Norfolk 7 March. She decommissioned 30 April 1946 and was returned to the Maritime Commission 1 May.

Commercial service[edit]

In 1947 Hampton was sold to Pope and Talbot Lines and renamed P. & T. Explorer. She was scrapped in 1973.

References[edit]