USS Hyde (APA-173)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from USS Hyde (LPA-173))
Jump to: navigation, search
Career (US)
Ordered: as type VC2-S-AP5
Laid down: date unknown
Launched: 30 October 1944
Acquired: 26 November 1944
Commissioned: 26 November 1944
Decommissioned: 14 May 1946
Struck: 5 June 1946
Fate: disposed of in 1973;
fate unknown
General characteristics
Displacement: 12,450 tons (full load)
Length: 455 ft 0 in (138.68 m)
Beam: 62 ft 0 in (18.90 m)
Draught: 24 ft 0 in (7.32 m)
Speed: 19 knots
Capacity: 150,000 cu. ft, 2,900 tons
Complement: 56 Officers 480 Enlisted
Armament: one 5/38” gun mount,
four 40mm mounts,
ten 20mm mounts

USS Hyde (APA-173/LPA-173) was a Haskell-class attack transport acquired by the U.S. Navy during World War II for the task of transporting troops to and from combat areas.

World War II service[edit]

Hyde (APA-173) was launched under Maritime Commission contract by Oregon Shipbuilding Corp., Portland, Oregon, 30 October 1944; sponsored by Mrs. James H. Bond; and commissioned 26 November 1944, Captain E. F. May commanding.

Transporting troops to Iwo Jima and recovering casualties[edit]

Following a brief shakedown cruise, Hyde arrived Seattle, Washington, 27 January 1945 to embark troops and cargo, after which she sailed for Pearl Harbor in convoy 1 February. Carrying reinforcements for the Pacific Ocean campaign, then drawing to its climax, Hyde stopped at Eniwetok before anchoring at Iwo Jima 13 March. The ship remained off that battle-scarred island only long enough to unload, then steamed to Guam 15 March, where she embarked over 400 marine casualties. Hyde continued to Pearl Harbor, loaded more casualties 29 March, and arrived San Francisco, California, 22 May 1945.

Under constant threat, Hyde lands troops at Okinawa[edit]

By June the Okinawa campaign, last step on the island road to Japan, was well underway, and Hyde sailed 6 June with cargo and troops. After stopping at Ulithi she arrived Okinawa 24 July. There she discharged her passengers and cargo under constant threat of air attack, getting underway for Ulithi 6 August. During this stay at the giant staging base, Hyde received the news of the surrender of Japan.

End-of-war “mopping up” operations[edit]

The transport immediately took up duties in connection with the occupation. She arrived Leyte 21 August, loaded troops, and disembarked them with the early occupation forces 8 September at Yokohama. Hyde then took on board Allied prisoners of war for transportation to Guam, where she arrived 23 September. Sailing to Tsingtao 11 October, the transport debarked U.S. marines for the occupation of China and to aid in the stabilization of that troubled country. She then steamed to Manila and thence to Haiphong, Indochina, arriving 2 November. At Haiphong, Hyde embarked 200 Nationalist Chinese troops for further transfer to Chinwangtao, China, and unloaded them 12 November to aid in the occupation. After a stop at Taku, the transport arrived Sasebo, Japan, 4 December 1945 to join in "Operation Magic Carpet," the vast operation designed to return veterans with the greatest possible speed. Hyde sailed for California 7 December and arrived San Diego, California, 22 December.

Post-war decommissioning[edit]

After a second voyage, to Pearl Harbor and back, she sailed 16 February 1946 via Panama for Norfolk, Virginia. She arrived there 13 March, decommissioned 14 May and returned to the Maritime Commission 2 days later. She was placed in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, redesignated an amphibious transport, and berthed on the James River, near Norfolk, Virginia.

Military awards and honors[edit]

Hyde received one battle star for World War II service.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.

External links[edit]