USS Jawfish (SS-356)

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Career (United States)
Name: USS Jawfish
Namesake: The jawfish
Builder: Electric Boat Company, Groton, Connecticut (proposed)[1]
Laid down: Never
Renamed: From USS Fanegal to USS Jawfish 24 September 1942
Fate: Construction order cancelled 29 July 1944
General characteristics
Class & type: Balao class diesel-electric submarine[2]
Displacement: 1,526 long tons (1,550 t) surfaced,[2] 2,414 long tons (2,453 t) submerged[2]
Length: 311 ft 9 in (95.02 m)[2]
Beam: 27 ft 3 in (8.31 m)[2]
Draft: 16 ft 10 in (5.13 m) maximum[2]
Propulsion:

4 × General Motors Model 16-248 V16 diesel engines driving electrical generators[2][3]
2 × 126-cell Sargo batteries [4]
4 × high-speed General Electric electric motors with reduction gears [2]
two propellers [2]
5,400 shp (4.0 MW) surfaced[2]

2,740 shp (2.0 MW) submerged[2]
Speed: 20.25 kn (37.50 km/h) surfaced,[4] 8.75 kn (16.21 km/h) submerged[4]
Range: 11,000 nmi (20,000 km) surfaced @ 10 kn (19 km/h)[4]
Endurance: 48 hours @ 2 kn (3.7 km/h) submerged,[4] 75 days on patrol
Test depth: 400 ft (120 m)[4]
Complement: 10 officers, 70–71 enlisted[4]
Armament: 10 × 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes
 (six forward, four aft)
 24 torpedoes[4]
1 × 4-inch (102 mm) / 50 caliber deck gun[4]
Bofors 40 mm and Oerlikon 20 mm cannon

USS Jawfish (SS-356), a Balao-class submarine, was originally named Fanegal for the fanegal or blackbelly rosefish (Helicolenus dactylopterus) on 28 August 1942, but was renamed Jawfish for the jawfish (Opistognathus aurifrons), a fish that burrows into patches of sand and coral rubble around the edges of reefs, on 24 September 1942. She was the only ship of the United States Navy to bear either name.

Her construction by the Electric Boat Company of Groton, Connecticut, was canceled 29 July 1944.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, p. 146
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Bauer, K. Jack; Roberts, Stephen S. (1991). Register of Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1775-1990: Major Combatants. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. pp. 275–280. ISBN 0-313-26202-0. 
  3. ^ U.S. Submarines Through 1945 pp. 261
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i U.S. Submarines Through 1945 pp. 305-311