USS Justin (1891)

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USS Justin
USS Justin photographed after the expansion of her amidships superstructure and the addition of a raised navigating bridge. She retains her short well deck forward.
Career (US) Union Navy Jack
Name: USS Justin
Namesake: a former name retained
Owner: Bowring & Archibald
Builder: R. Dixon & Co., Middlesbrough, England
Laid down: Unknown
Launched: 1891
Commissioned: 27 April 1898
Recommissioned: 19 September 1900 at Mare Island, California
Decommissioned: 20 December 1915 at Mare Island
Fate: fate unknown
General characteristics
Type: Collier
Displacement: 1,419 long tons (1,442 t)
Length: 287 ft 6 in (87.63 m)
Beam: 39 ft (12 m)
Draft: 19 ft 8 in (5.99 m)
Propulsion: steam engine, screw-driven
Speed: 10 kn (12 mph; 19 km/h)
Complement: 35
Armament: 2 × 6-pounders
For other ships of the same name, see USS Justin.

USS Justin (1891) was a steamship acquired by the United States Navy for use as a collier. Her task was to carry coal and to provide it to ships and stations. Her task was one that was being phased out, as the navies of the world were shifting from coal to oil to drive their ships.

Acquired as a schooner[edit]

The first Justin to be named as such by the U.S. Navy, she was launched in 1891 by R. Dixon & Co., Middlesbrough, England; purchased from Bowring & Archibald; and commissioned on 27 April 1898, Commander. George E. Ide in command.

Spanish-American War service[edit]

Justin performed collier service in the Chesapeake Bay area until sailing for Guantánamo Bay on 2 June for coaling duties during the Spanish-American War. Returning to Virginia, Justin operated along the U.S. East Coast and in New England, then departed Norfolk, Virginia on 11 October. After visiting Brazil, Chile, Peru, and Mexico, she arrived San Francisco, California on 3 February 1899 and decommissioned there on 17 February.

USS Justin (1898-1915) In drydock at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, circa 1899-1900.

Supporting the U.S. Asiatic Fleet[edit]

Recommissioned at Mare Island, California on 19 September 1900, Justin sailed on 1 October for duty in the Far East. For the next seven years, she provided fuel and supplies to the Asiatic Fleet during a period of intense and growing American activity in the Orient.

She returned to San Francisco, California on 23 November 1907 via Guam and Honolulu. From 1907-1915, Justin carried coal to units of the Pacific Fleet stationed at widely scattered points from the U.S. West Coast to South America.

Decommissioning[edit]

She decommissioned at Mare Island 20 December 1915.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

External links[edit]