USS Kidd (DDG-993)

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For other ships of the same name, see USS Kidd.
USS Kidd
The USS Kidd (DDG-993) underway at Hampton Roads, Virginia in February 1984.
Career (United States)
Class and type: Kidd-class destroyer
Namesake: Rear Admiral Isaac C. Kidd
Ordered: 23 March 1978
Builder: Litton Ingalls,
Pascagoula, Mississippi
Laid down: 26 June 1978
Launched: 11 August 1979
Acquired: 4 May 1981
Commissioned: 27 March 1981
Decommissioned: 12 March 1998
Struck: 12 March 1998
Motto: Nil Sine Magno Labore
Fate: Sold to Taiwan, 30 May 2003; commissioned as ROCS Tso Ying (DDG-1803)
General characteristics
Displacement: 9,783 tons full
Length: 171.6 m (563 ft)
Beam: 16.8 m (55 ft)
Propulsion: 4 × General Electric LM2500-30 gas turbines, 80,000 shp total
Speed: 33 knots (61 km/h)
Complement: 31 officers
332 enlisted
Sensors and
processing systems:
AN/SPS-48E 3D air search radar
AN/SPS-49 2D air search radar
SPG-60 gun fire control radar
AN/SPG-51 missile fire control radar
AN/SPS-55 surface search radar
AN/SPQ-9A gun fire control radar
SQS-53 sonar
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
AN/SLQ-32(V)3
Armament:

Two × twin Mk 26 missile launchers for the Standard Missile SM-2MR with magazines for 80 missiles
Two × Mark 141 quad launchers for eight RGM-84 Harpoon missiles
Two Mark 45 5 in (127 mm) – 54 calibre rapid-fire naval guns

Two × Mark 15 20 mm Phalanx CIWS self-defense cannon
BR>Two Mark 32 triple tube mounts with 6 × Mark 46 torpedoes
One Mark 112 ASROC launcher
Aircraft carried: One SH-3 Sea King or
Two SH-2 Seasprite helicopters

USS Kidd (DDG-993) was the lead ship in her class of destroyers operated by the U.S. Navy. Derived from the Spruance class, these vessels were designed for air defense in hot weather. The vessel was the second named after Medal of Honor recipient Rear Admiral Isaac C. Kidd, who was aboard the USS Arizona during the attack on Pearl Harbor, and was the first American flag officer to die in World War II.

Originally named Kouroush, the ship was ordered by the Shah of Iran, but was undelivered when the 1979 Iranian Revolution occurred. Subsequent to this, the U.S. Navy elected to commission the Kidd class for service in the Persian Gulf and Mediterranean, as they were equipped with heavy-duty air conditioning and were also well suited to filtering sand and the results from NBC warfare. Kidd-class ships were known in the fleet informally as the "Ayatollah" or "dead admiral" class.

History[edit]

Warship 27 June 1981: Commissioned in Pascagoula, Mississippi.

8 December 1982: Deployed to the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean under the command of Commander William J. Flanagan, Jr.. While in the Mediterranean Sea, the USS Kidd visited the ports of Palma, Majorca, Spain; Beirut, Lebanon; and Catania, Italy. She visited the ports of Trincomalee, Sri Lanka, and Mombasa, Kenya, while on station in the Indian Ocean before returning to the Mediterranean and calling on Benidorm, Spain. The deployment ended with her return to Norfolk on 2 June 1983. In September 1983, the Kidd was awarded the Battle Efficiency "E".

16 February 1984: The USS Kidd left Norfolk, Virginia, to participate in battle-readiness maneuvers as part of Operation United Effort. She returned home to Norfolk on 29 April.

12 March 1985: READEX 1–85, with Commander Fred Moosally in command. She conducted Caribbean operations from 28 March to 6 April, before anchoring at Roosevelt Roads, Puerto Rico. Following a transit of the Atlantic Ocean, she passed through the Straits of Gibraltar on 17 April. While in the Mediterranean, the USS Kidd called on the ports of Taormina, Sicily, and Gaeta and Naples, Italy.

30 May 1985: U.S. Sixth Fleet operations in the Black Sea through 3 June. The USS Kidd cut short a port visit to Haifa, Israel, on 16 June in response to the TWA Flight 847 aircraft hijacking. She returned to Haifa on 15 July before visiting Alexandria, Egypt, and Constanța, Romania. Black Sea operations continued with the Sixth Fleet in August. The Kidd called on Istanbul, Turkey, before returning to Naples, Italy. She conducted operations in the Western Mediterranean with the USS Nimitz through September. Calling on Benidorm, Spain, she then passed through the Straits of Gibraltar again on 20 September. After visiting Rota, Spain, the Kidd crossed the Atlantic under the power of her gas-turbine engines, arriving in Norfolk. and ending her deployment on 2 October 1985.

September 1987: The USS Kidd was awarded her third Battle Efficiency "E" award while deployed as part of the Middle East Force 3–87. She departed Norfolk on 6 June 1987, returning to port on 4 December 1987. During the operations in the Persian Gulf, from about 4 July to 2 October, the Kidd led the first ten convoys of Kuwaiti tankers which were reflagged with American flags. This reflagging was in response to Iranian threats to close the Persian Gulf shipping lanes, through which more than 50% of the world's oil ourput passes.

9 January 1991: The USS Kidd departed from Norfolk, bound for the Persian Gulf, along with the USS McInerney, in support of Operation Desert Storm. The Kidd faced several roles while operating in the Persian Gulf, among them the location and destruction of naval mines and maritime interdiction force operations. To assist in these duties, a detachment from Anti-Submarine Light Helicopter Squadron 34 (HSL-34) was embarked. The "Green Checkers" came aboard with two SH-2 helicopters which were used early on in SSSC missions – flying beyond the visual horizon of this warship to visually observe all radar contacts on the surface. In early April, two U.S. Army OH-58 AHIPS helicopters were embarked, giving a total of four helicopters embarked on board the Kidd at one time.

December 1991: The USS Kidd was again awarded the Battle Efficiency "E", this time for excellence during Desert Shield and Desert Storm.

October 1992: Counter-narcotics operations off the South American coast. The USS Kidd transited the Panama Canal on 8 November 1992. During this mission, she patrolled Latin American waters as a deterrent to smugglers of illegal contraband. A detachment from the Anti-Submarine Light Helicopter Squadron 34 (HSL-34) was carried on this cruise.

December 1992: The USS Kidd was awarded her sixth Battle Efficiency "E". Admiral Isaac Kidd, Jr., USN(Ret.) presented this award to the crew at a pierside ceremony.

October 1994: The USS Kidd is assigned to Carrier Task Force 60 (CTF-60), forming around the USS Dwight D. Eisenhower. During this period, the task force provided support of the naval weapons and ammunition embargo of the war-torn republics of the former Yugoslavia ("Operation Sharpguard"), the enforced no-fly zone over the area (Operation Deny Flight), and air drops of humanitarian aid to the residents of the city of Sarajevo ("Operation Provide Promise").

16 April 1997: Port visit three-day port visit to Boston, Massachusetts, to coincide with the 100th running of the Boston Marathon. From there, she moved southward to Port-au-Prince, Haiti, for a community relations project before assuming drug interdiction duties in the Caribbean. She transited the Panama Canal to the Eastern Pacific on 30 April. Following another transit of the Canal and a brief stop in Charleston, South Carolina, the USS Kidd ended her final deployment in Norfolk on 1 June 1997.

12 March 1998: The USS Kidd was decommissioned for placement into storage as a reserve warship on 12 March 1998, at Norfolk Naval Base, Virginia. Present at this decommissioning ceremony were several of Admiral Isaac Kidd's surviving family members, including his son, Admiral Isaac C. Kidd, Jr., USN (Ret.). The USS Kidd's last American Commanding Officer was Commander Thomas R. Andress, USN.

Current status[edit]

The vessel has been renamed the ROCS Tso Ying, a Kee Lung-class guided-missile destroyer currently in active service of Republic of China Navy. She was formally commissioned at the Su-ao Naval Base in northeastern Taiwan on 2006-11-03, along with her sister ship, the ROCS Ma Kong. Due to her somewhat run-down condition from her storage, she was the third former USS Kidd-class vessel commissioned by ROCN.

The Tso Ying is named after the largest naval base in Taiwan, the Tso Ying Naval Base in the Tsoying District, Kaohsiung, of southern Taiwan. The Tso Ying Naval Base is also the location of the Republic of China's naval academy and fleet headquarters.

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