USS Kirwin (APD-90)
USS Kirwin in 1968
|Namesake:||Lieutenant John J. Kirwin (1918-1943), a U.S. Navy officer and Navy Cross recipient|
|Builder:||Philadelphia Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|
|Laid down:||14 February 1944|
|Launched:||15 June 1944|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. Andrew J. Kirwin|
|Commissioned:||4 November 1945|
|Decommissioned:||6 April 1946|
|Recommissioned:||15 January 1965|
|Reclassified:||From destroyer escort (DE-229) to high-speed transport (APD-90) 17 July 1944
Amphibious transport, small (LPR-90) 1 January 1969
|Struck:||15 September 1974|
|Fate:||Sold for scrapping 11 August 1975|
|Notes:||Laid down as Rudderow-class destroyer escort USS Kirwin (DE-229)|
|Class & type:||Crosley-class high speed transport|
|Displacement:||2,130 long tons (2,164 t) full|
|Length:||306 ft (93 m)|
|Beam:||37 ft (11 m)|
|Draft:||12 ft 7 in (3.84 m)|
|Speed:||23 knots (43 km/h; 26 mph)|
|Armament:||• 1 × 5 in (130 mm) gun
• 6 × 40 mm guns
• 6 × 20 mm guns
• 2 × depth charge tracks
Construction and commissioning
Kirwin was laid down as the Rudderow-class destroyer escort USS Kirwin (DE-229) on 14 February 1944 by the Philadelphia Navy Yard at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and was launched on 15 June 1944, sponsored by Mrs. Andrew J. Kirwin, the mother of the ship's namesake, Lieutenant John J. Kirwin. The ship was reclassified as a Crosley-class high-speed transport and redesignated APD-90 on 17 July 1944. After conversion to her new role, she was commissioned on 4 November 1945 with Lieutenant Commander Lloyd G. Benson, USNR, in command.
First period in commission, 1945-1946
After shakedown in the Chesapeake Bay, Kirwin cleared Norfolk, Virginia, on 29 January 1946, and arrived at Green Cove Springs, Florida, on 31 January 1946. She was decommissioned there on 6 April 1946 and placed in reserve there on the St. Johns River in the Florida Group of the Atlantic Reserve Fleet.
Second period in commission, 1965-1969
In the autumn of 1964, the high-speed transport USS Earle B. Hall (APD-107) suffered a major engineering casualty that caused her to lose all power, and she was deemed not worth repairing. Kirwin was chosen to replace her. Accordingly, on 30 November 1964, Kirwin arrived under tow at Naval Amphibious Base Little Creek at Virginia Beach, Virginia, and was berthed alongside Earle B. Hall. There Kirwin underwent reactivation, with Earle B. Hall's crew readying her for recommissioning. On 15 January 1965, after almost 19 years in reserve, Kirwin was recommissioned and Earle B. Hall was simultaneously decommissioned, with Earle B. Hall's crew transferring to Kirwin.
In February 1965, Kirwin moved to Newport News, Virginia, for overhaul. She got underway for Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, on 6 July 1965 and spent the next five weeks on nuclear defense, antisubmarine warfare, and gunnery exercises. She visited San Juan, Puerto Rico, then returned to Little Creek, arriving there on 22 August 1965.
In 1966 Kirwin operated out of Little Creek on training exercises along the United States East Coast and in the Caribbean until heading for the Mediterranean on 15 August 1966. Arriving at Naval Station Rota at Rota, Spain, on 25 August 1966, she visited Italy, Malta, Greece, Tunisia, Spain, and Morocco before returning to Little Creek on 3 December 1966.
Kirwin operated along the United States West Coast in 1967.
- [History needed for 1967-1968]
Kirwin was reclassified as an "amphibious transport, small" and redesignated LPR-90 on 1 January 1969.
- [History needed for 1969]
Final decommissioning and disposal
Kirwin was decommissioned in 1969. She was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 15 September 1974 and sold for scrapping on 11 August 1975 to J. R. Steel, Inc., Houston, Texas, for $79,002 (USD).
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- NavSource Online: DE-229 / APD-90 / LPR-90 Kirwin
- USS Earle B. Hall APD-107