USS L-11 (SS-51)
USS L-11 in Bantry Bay, Ireland, during World War I. "A" (for "American") has been added to her markings to distinguish her from the British submarine HMS L11.
|Builder:||Fore River Shipbuilding Company, Quincy, Massachusetts|
|Laid down:||17 February 1915|
|Launched:||16 May 1916|
|Commissioned:||15 August 1916|
|Decommissioned:||28 November 1923|
|Fate:||Scrapped, 28 November 1933|
|Type:||L class submarine|
|Displacement:||450 long tons (457 t) surfaced
548 long tons (557 t) submerged
|Length:||167 ft 5 in (51.03 m)|
|Beam:||17 ft 5 in (5.31 m)|
|Draft:||13 ft 7 in (4.14 m)|
|Speed:||14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph) surfaced
10.5 knots (19.4 km/h; 12.1 mph) submerged
|Complement:||28 officers and men|
|Armament:||• 4 × 18 in (457 mm) torpedo tubes, 8 torpedoes
• 1 × 3"/23 caliber deck gun
L-11 was laid down on 17 February 1915 by Fore River Shipbuilding Company of Quincy, Massachusetts. She was launched on 16 May 1916 sponsored by Miss Mary Richards Latimer, and commissioned 15 August 1916, Lieutenant, junior grade W. R. Carter in command.
Assigned to the Atlantic Submarine Flotilla, L-11 operated along the East Coast developing new techniques of undersea warfare until April 1917. After the United States's entry into World War I, submarines were needed to protect Allied shipping lanes to Europe, and L-11 departed Boston, Massachusetts on 4 December to undertake the task. Following a period of patrol and repair in the Azores, the submarine arrived Ireland in mid-February 1918 to Join Submarine Division 5 (SubDiv 5) in anti-submarine patrol off the British Isles. For the next nine months, she ranged shipping lanes, sighting enemy U-boats on three occasions. On 11 May, she made a torpedo attack on an enemy submarine with inconclusive results.
After the Armistice with Germany, L-11 operated out of the Isle of Portland, England, until 3 January 1919 when she sailed for the United States. Arriving Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 1 February, she operated off the East Coast for the next four years developing submarine warfare tactics. L-11 decommissioned at Hampton Roads, Virginia, on 28 November 1923, and was scrapped on 28 November 1933.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Photo gallery of USS L-11 at NavSource Naval History