USS Lauderdale (APA-179)
USS Lauderdale (APA-179) in San Francisco Bay, c. 1945
|Ordered:||as type VC2-S-AP5|
|Laid down:||date unknown|
|Launched:||23 November 1944|
|Commissioned:||12 December 1944|
|Decommissioned:||25 April 1946|
|Displacement:||12,450 tons (full load)|
|Length:||455 ft 0 in (138.68 m)|
|Beam:||62 ft 0 in (18.90 m)|
|Draught:||24 ft 0 in (7.32 m)|
|Capacity:||150,000 cu. ft, 2,900 tons|
|Complement:||56 Officers 480 Enlisted|
|Armament:||one 5/38” gun mount,
twelve 40mm mounts,
ten 20mm mounts
World War II service
Lauderdale (APA-179) was launched under Maritime Commission contract 23 November 1944 by Oregon Shipbuilding Corp., Portland, Oregon; sponsored by Mrs. J. H. Blockey; and commissioned 12 December 1944 at Astoria, Oregon, Comdr. W. F. Ramsey in command.
Departing Seattle, Washington, 28 December 1944 Lauderdale steamed via San Francisco, California, to San Pedro, California, where she arrived 2 January 1945. After shakedown off the California coast, she sailed from Los Angeles, California, to Pearl Harbor 13 to 19 February for amphibious landing exercises. She then embarked soldiers of the U.S. 10th Army and departed Honolulu 17 March for the western Pacific Ocean. Steaming via Eniwetok, she reached Ulithi 31 March.
Lauderdale lands her troops and equipment on Okinawa
On 7 April Lauderdale sailed in convoy for the Ryukyus. She arrived off Hagushi, Okinawa, 11 April; despite frequent air alerts, she debarked all troops and unloaded cargo by 17 April. Between 18 April and 14 July she remained at Hagushi, where she served as receiving ship for uninjured survivors of ships that were damaged or sunk during the protracted, but successful, struggle for American control of the Ryukyus. She embarked survivors from more than 30 ships and landing craft. In addition she served as a detention ship, for captured Japanese prisoners of war.
Relieved 14 July by USS Crescent City (APA-21), Lauderdale departed Hagushi the next day with 1,132 military passengers embarked for transportation to the United States. Steaming via Ulithi and Eniwetok, she reached San Diego, California, 6 August, discharged her passengers, then steamed to Portland, Oregon, 23 to 26 August to embark 1,045 occupation troops. She departed Portland 28 August, touched Eniwetok 9 September, and arrived Saipan, Marianas, 13 September. From then until 8 November she transported men and supplies to Tinian, Guam, Iwo Jima, and the Japanese home islands. Laden with 1,706 passengers, she departed Saipan 9 November on a “Operation Magic Carpet” passage to the U.S. west coast, where she arrived San Pedro 24 November.
Between 5 December and 7 January 1946 Lauderdale completed another “Magic Carpet” cruise, carrying 1,915 sailors from Manus, Admiralties, to Seattle, Washington. On 26 January she departed Puget Sound and sailed via San Francisco and the Panama Canal to the U.S. East Coast. Arriving Lynnhaven Roads 6 March, she decommissioned 25 April at Norfolk, Virginia. She was returned to War Shipping Administration (WSA) and placed in the National Defense Reserve Fleet. Lauderdale was berthed in the James River, Virginia. She was scrapped in 2005.