USS Lynx (AK-100)
|Name:||Juan Bautista de Anza
|Namesake:||Juan Bautista de Anza
|Ordered:||as a type (EC2-S-C1) hull, MCE hull 1657, SS Juan Bautista de Anza|
|Builder:||California Shipbuilding Corporation, Wilmington, California|
|Laid down:||26 April 1943|
|Launched:||18 May 1943|
|Commissioned:||26 July 1943|
|Decommissioned:||1 November 1945|
|Renamed:||Lynx, 27 May 1943|
|Struck:||16 November 1945|
|1 battle star (WWII)|
|Fate:||sold for scrapping, 3 October 1972, to The Learner Corp./Union Minerals & Alloys Corp., Oakland, CA.|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Crater-class cargo ship|
|Displacement:||4,023 t (3,959 long tons) (standard)
14,550 t (14,320 long tons) (full load)
|Length:||441 ft 6 in (134.57 m)|
|Beam:||56 ft 11 in (17.35 m)|
|Draft:||28 ft 4 in (8.64 m)|
|Installed power:||2,500 shp (1,900 kW)|
|Propulsion:||2 × Babcock & Wilcox header-type boilers, 220psi 450°
1 × Joshua Hendy vertical triple-expansion reciprocating steam engine
1 × shaft
|Speed:||12.5 kn (14.4 mph; 23.2 km/h)|
|Armament:||1 × 5 in (130 mm)/38 caliber dual purpose gun
1 × 3 in (76 mm)/50 caliber dual purpose gun
2 × 40 mm (1.6 in) 40mm Bofors anti-aircraft gun mounts
6 × 20 mm (0.79 in) Oerlikon cannons anti-aircraft gun mounts
USS Lynx (AK-100) was a US Crater-class cargo ship which served in the Pacific in World War II. Lynx was the third U.S. Navy vessel to bear the name, but unlike previous ships this one was named after the constellation Lynx.
The Lynx was laid down as SS Juan Bautista de Anza under a Maritime Commission contract by California Shipbuilding Corp., Wilmington, California, 26 April 1943; launched 18 May 1943; sponsored by Mrs. E. E. McCarty; renamed Lynx 27 May 1943; and commissioned 26 July 1943, Comdr. Leander Jeffrey in command.
Assigned to the Naval Transportation Service, Lynx loaded cargo at San Francisco and departed for the western Pacific 28 August. During the next 15 months she carried cargo out of San Francisco to American bases in the Pacific. Over this period she completed five round trip cargo runs which sent her to New Zealand, Australia, New Guinea, the New Hebrides, the Admiralties, and the Hawaiian Islands.
Departing San Francisco 3 December 1944, Lynx sailed to Pearl Harbor where she arrived 12 December to load four PT boats. On 11 January 1945 she sailed for the Philippines; and, steaming via the Admiralties and New Guinea, she reached Leyte Gulf 5 February. During the next two months she operated between Guiuan, Samar, and Tacloban, Leyte; then she sailed for Okinawa 8 April.
As American forces fought for control of that strategic island, which lay at the doorstep of Japan, Lynx steamed in convoy via Ulithi and arrived off Okinawa 26 April. Despite intermittent air attacks by the Japanese, she completed unloading cargo 4 May and sailed for Ulithi. Arriving there 9 May, she refueled, then sailed for the west coast 12 May. She reached San Francisco 4 June.
After overhaul, Lynx loaded cargo and sailed for the Marshall Islands 2 July. She arrived Eniwetok 2 August, operated among the atolls during the next three weeks, then departed Kwajalein for San Francisco the 24th. She arrived 11 September; and, following overhaul, she decommissioned at Suisun Bay, California, 1 November 1945.
Transferred to the War Shipping Administration the same day, she was struck from the Naval Vessel Register 16 November 1945.
Lynx received one battle star for World War II service.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Photo gallery of Lynx at NavSource Naval History