USS M-1 (SS-47)

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"United States M class submarine" redirects here. For other submarine classes with the same name, see M class submarine.
USS M-1 (SS-47).jpg
USS M-1
Class overview
Name: M-class submarine
Builders: Electric Boat Company (design)
Fore River Shipbuilding
Operators:  United States Navy
Preceded by: L-class submarine
Succeeded by: AA-1 class submarine
Built: 1914
In service: 1915-1922
In commission: 1918–1922
Career (US Navy)
Name: USS M-1
Builder: Electric Boat (design),
Fore River Shipbuilding, Quincy, Massachusetts
Laid down: 2 July 1914
Launched: 14 September 1915
Commissioned: 16 February 1918
Decommissioned: 15 March 1922
Struck: 16 March 1922
Fate: Sold for scrap, 25 September 1922
General characteristics
Class & type: Submarine
Displacement: 488 long tons (496 t) (surfaced)
676 long tons (687 t) (submerged)
Length: 196 ft 3 in (59.82 m)
Beam: 19 ft (5.8 m)
Draft: 11 ft (3.4 m)
Propulsion: Diesel-electric
NELSECO diesel engines, 840 hp (630 kW)
2 × Electro Dynamic electric motors, 680 hp (510 kW)
2 x 60-cell batteries,
2 x shafts,
28,422 US gal (107,590 l; 23,666 imp gal) fuel
Speed: 14 kn (16 mph; 26 km/h) surfaced
10.5 knots (19.4 km/h; 12.1 mph) submerged
Range: 2,750 nmi (5,090 km) at 11 kn (20 km/h; 13 mph) (surfaced)
Test depth: 200 ft (61 m)
Complement: 2 Officers, 26 Enlisted
Armament: •1 × 3 in (76 mm)/23 caliber retractable deck gun
•4 × 18 in (460 mm) torpedo tubes, 8 torpedoes

USS M-1 (SS-47) was a unique submarine of the United States Navy. M-1 was designed as a test bed for the newest technology in submarine construction and design. As well as being the world's first double-hulled design[1] (in contrast to Simon Lake's and Holland's single-hulled concepts), her battery was of a new design and was to have solved some of the past flaws. While no other M-class submarines were built, the lessons learned were incorporated into the following AA/T-class.

Design[edit]

The M-1 was built to the same armament and range as the preceding L-class, but larger due to the double hull design. This was to reduce the risk of battle damage puncturing the pressure hull, and to provide additional reserve buoyancy in the event of flooding.[2] The partially retractable 3 in (76 mm)/23 caliber deck gun introduced in the L-class was retained.

Service history[edit]

Her keel was laid down on 2 July 1914 by Fore River Shipbuilding Company in Quincy, Massachusetts, as a subcontractor to the Electric Boat Company of Groton, Connecticut, the designer. She was launched on 14 September 1915 sponsored by Ms. Sara Dean Roberts, and commissioned on 16 February 1918, Lieutenant Commander M. R. Pierce in command.

Following commissioning, M-1 was assigned to Submarine Division 2 (SubDiv2), and was home ported at Newport, Rhode Island. Unlike most other US submarines, she was not deployed overseas in World War I. For the next three years, she operated off the East Coast, training submariners. During her last year of active service, she was under the operational control of SubDiv 5 and SubDiv 3.

After six years of testing and training service, M-1 was decommissioned at Philadelphia Naval Shipyard on 15 March 1922, struck from the Naval Vessel Register the following day, and was sold for scrap on 25 September to Joseph G. Hitner in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "M.1", in Bernard Fitzsimons, ed., The Encyclopedia of Twentieth Century Weapons and Warfare (London: Phoebus Publishing Co./BBC Publishing Ltd., 1978), Volume 17, p.1805.
  2. ^ Gardiner, p. 129

External links[edit]