USS MacKenzie (DD-175)
|Career (United States)|
|Name:||USS MacKenzie (DD-175)|
|Namesake:||Alexander Slidell MacKenzie|
|Builder:||Union Iron Works, San Francisco, California|
|Laid down:||4 July 1918|
|Launched:||29 September 1919|
|Commissioned:||25 July 1919 to 27 May 1922
6 November 1939 to 24 September 1940
|Struck:||8 January 1941|
|Fate:||Transferred to Canada, 24 September 1940|
|Namesake:||Annapolis River of Nova Scotia|
|Commissioned:||24 September 1940|
|Identification:||Pennant number: I04|
|Fate:||Sold for scrapping, 4 June 1945|
|Class & type:||Wickes-class destroyer|
|Displacement:||1,200 tons (full load)|
|Length:||314 ft 4 1⁄2 in (95.82 m)|
|Beam:||30 ft 11 1⁄4 in (9.43 m)|
|Draft:||9 ft (2.7 m)|
|Propulsion:||27,000 shp (26,000 shp in Newport News ships) (20.1 and 19.4 MW)
two shaft geared turbines
|Speed:||35 knots (65 km/h)|
|Complement:||145 officers and enlisted|
|Armament:||4 x 102/50 mm (4 in/50 cal) (4x1), 1 x 76 mm (3") AA, 3 x 12.7 mm (0.5") MG, 12 x 533 mm (21") TT (4x3)|
The second Navy ship to be named for Alexander Slidell MacKenzie, she was laid down by the Union Iron Works, San Francisco, California on 4 July 1918; launched 29 September 1919; sponsored by Mrs. Percy J. Cotton, and commissioned 25 July 1919, Lieutenant Commander E. T. Oates in command. On 17 July 1920, she was designated DD-175.
Following commissioning and shakedown, MacKenzie became a unit of the Pacific Fleet and operated with Destroyer Squadrons 2 and 4 until decommissioned at Mare Island on 27 May 1922. MacKenzie remained in reserve until she recommissioned at San Diego on 6 November 1939.
In 1940, the ship was one of 50 destroyers exchanged for strategic bases off the North American coast under the terms of the Destroyers for Bases Agreement. She arrived at Halifax, Nova Scotia on 20 September 1940. She decommissioned and was turned over to the Royal Canadian Navy on 24 September and recommissioned as HMCS Annapolis on 2 October. MacKenzie was struck from the US Navy list 8 January 1941.
Following the Canadian practice of naming destroyers after Canadian rivers, Annapolis was named after the Annapolis River of Nova Scotia; and, with deference to the U.S. origin, sharing a name of significance to the United States Naval Academy.
Annapolis's no. 4 boiler was damaged during workup and was removed and not replaced, together with a funnel, during repair which continued until February 1941. Until 1944, Annapolis sailed with the Halifax and Western Local Escort Forces escorting convoys from east of St. Johns, Newfoundland, to New York. In April 1944, she was attached to HMCS Cornwallis, near Annapolis, Nova Scotia, where she remained as a training ship until the end of the war. On 4 June 1945, she was turned over to the War Assets Corporation and sold to Frankel Brothers, Ltd., of Toronto for scrapping.
The ship's bell of HMCS Annapolis is currently held by the town of Annapolis Royal in Nova Scotia. The Christening Bells Project at Canadian Forces Base Esquimalt Naval and Military Museum includes information from the ship's bell of HMCS Annapolis, which was used for baptism of babies onboard ship.
- Hague, Arnold (1988). The Towns: A history of the fifty destroyers transferred from the United States to Great Britain in 1940. Kendal, UK: World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-48-7.
- Milner, Marc (1985). North Atlantic Run. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-450-0.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.