USS Maine (BB-10)
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (September 2011)|
USS Maine underway
|Namesake:||State of Maine|
|Builder:||William Cramp and Sons, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|
|Laid down:||15 February 1899|
|Launched:||27 July 1901|
|Sponsored by:||Mary Preble Anderson|
|Commissioned:||29 December 1902|
|Decommissioned:||31 August 1909|
|Recommissioned:||15 June 1911|
|Decommissioned:||15 May 1920|
|Struck:||1 July 1921|
|Identification:||Hull symbol: BB-10|
|Fate:||Sold for scrapping 26 January 1922|
|Notes:||In accordance with Washington Naval Treaty, rendered incapable of further combat service on 17 December 1923 prior to scrapping|
|General characteristics |
|Class & type:||Maine-class battleship|
|Beam:||72 ft 3 in (22.02 m)|
|Speed:||18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph)|
|Complement:||561 officers and enlisted|
The contract to build Maine was awarded to William Cramp and Sons of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on 1 October 1898, and her keel was laid down on 15 February 1899, a year to the day after the destruction of the first Maine. She was launched on 27 July 1901, sponsored by Miss Mary Preble Anderson of Portland, great granddaughter of Commodore Edward Preble. Maine Governor John Fremont Hill and his staff attended; and commissioned at Philadelphia on 29 December 1902, Captain Eugene Henry Cozzens Leutze, USNA 1867 in command.
Pre-World War I
From 1903 to 1907, Maine cruised along the Atlantic coast south to the West Indies, and she completed one cruise to the Mediterranean Sea. On 16 December 1907 she left Hampton Roads with the rest of the Atlantic Fleet en route to the Pacific Ocean, where she joined ships of the Pacific Fleet for a cruise as the "Great White Fleet". In company with Alabama, she went to Guam and the Philippines, through the Suez Canal and the Mediterranean, and returned to the Atlantic coast in October 1908, considerably in advance of the rest of the Great White Fleet.
Fitted out as flagship of the 3rd Squadron, Atlantic Fleet, Maine resumed operations along the Atlantic coast and into Caribbean waters during the next several months. She decommissioned at Portsmouth, New Hampshire on 31 August 1909.
World War I
Recommissioned on 15 June 1911, Maine operated along the east coast. During World War I, she trained engineers, armed guard crews, and midshipmen. Following the defeat of the Central Powers, she took part in the review of the fleet at New York City on 26 December 1918.
Maine operated with ships of the Atlantic Fleet until 15 May 1920, when she decommissioned at Philadelphia Navy Yard. She was sold on 23 January 1922 to Joseph G. Hitner and William F. Cutlet of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania for scrap. She was rendered incapable of further warlike service on 17 December 1923 in accordance with terms of the Washington Naval Treaty, and subsequently broken up for scrap.
- Alden, John D. (1989). American Steel Navy: A Photographic History of the U.S. Navy from the Introduction of the Steel Hull in 1883 to the Cruise of the Great White Fleet. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-248-6.
- Chesneau, Roger; Koleśnik, Eugène M.; Campbell, N.J.M. (1979). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1860–1905. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-133-5.
- Friedman, Norman (1985). U.S. Battleships, An Illustrated Design History. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-715-1.
- Reilly, John C.; Scheina, Robert L. (1980). American Battleships 1886–1923: Predreadnought Design and Construction. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-524-8.
- "Maine". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to USS Maine (BB-10).|
- Naval Historical Center USS Maine (Battleship # 10, later BB-10), 1902–1922
- MaritimeQuest USS Maine BB-10 Photo Gallery
- Photo gallery of BB-10 USS Maine 1899–1906 at NavSource Naval History