USS Maine (BB-10)

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For other ships of the same name, see USS Maine.
USS Maine
USS Maine underway
Career (US)
Name: Maine
Namesake: State of Maine
Builder: William Cramp and Sons
Laid down: 15 February 1899
Launched: 27 July 1901
Sponsored by: Mary Preble Anderson
Commissioned: 29 December 1902
Decommissioned: 31 August 1909
Recommissioned: 15 June 1911
Decommissioned: 15 May 1920
Struck: 1 July 1921
Identification: Battleship #10, then BB-10
Fate: Sold for scrapping 26 January 1922
Notes: In accordance with Washington Naval Treaty, rendered incapable of further combat service on 17 December 1923 prior to scrapping
General characteristics [1][2]
Class and type: Maine-class battleship
Displacement:
  • 12,500 tons/11,300 tonnes (standard)
  • 13,500 tons/12,200 tonnes (full load)
Length:
  • 388 ft (118.3 m) (waterline)
  • 394 ft (120.1 m) (overall)
Beam: 72 ft 3 in (22.02 m)
Draft:
  • 24 ft 4 in (7.42 m) (mean)
  • 26 ft (7.9 m) (max)
Speed: 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph)
Complement: 561 officers and enlisted
Armament:
  • 4 × 12 in (305 mm)/40 cal guns
  • 16 × 6 in (152 mm)/50 cal guns
  • 6 × 3 in (76 mm)/50 cal guns
  • 8 × 3-pounders (47 mm (1.9 in))
  • 6 × 1-pounders (37 mm (1.5 in))
  • 3 × .30 in (7.62 mm) machine guns
  • 2 × 18 in (460 mm) torpedo tubes
Armor:
  • Belt: 5.5–11 in (140–279 mm)
  • Barbettes: 8–12 in (203–305 mm)
  • Turret Mains: 11–12 in (279–305 mm)
  • Turret secondary: 5.5–6 in (140–152 mm)
  • Conning tower: 10 in (254 mm)

USS Maine (BB-10), the lead ship of her class of battleships, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named in honor of the 23rd state. Entering service in 1902, she was part of the flotilla of US Navy battleships that sailed around the world known as the Great White Fleet. She was active during World War I as a training ship. In 1921, she was stricken from the US Navy register as part of the Washington Naval Treaty and she sold for scrap in 1923.

Maine was originally without a hull identification number but simply known as "Battleship #10" based on being the tenth modern battleship (USS Indiana being the first). On 17 July 1920, the US Navy introduced the modern hull classification system and Maine was assigned the code "BB-10".

Design and Construction[edit]

The contract to build Maine was awarded to William Cramp and Sons of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on 1 October 1898, and her keel was laid down on 15 February 1899, a year to the day after the destruction of the first Maine. She was launched on 27 July 1901, sponsored by Miss Mary Preble Anderson of Portland, great granddaughter of Commodore Edward Preble. Maine Governor John Fremont Hill and his staff attended the commissioning at Philadelphia on 29 December 1902 with Captain Eugene Henry Cozzens Leutze, USNA 1867 in command.[1]

She had a standard displacement of 12,500 short tons (11,300 t) and a full-load displacement of 13,500 short tons (12,200 t). She was 394 feet (120 m) in length overall, 388 feet (118 m) at the waterline, and had a beam of 72 feet 3 inches (22.02 m) and a mean draft of 24 feet 4 inches (7.42 m) and a maximum draft of 26 ft (7.9 m). Her crew consisted of 561 officers and enlisted men and she had a top speed of 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph).[2]

Armor on Maine consisted of belt armor from 5.5 inches (140 mm) to 11 inches (280 mm) thick. Armor on her barbettes was between 8 inches (200 mm) and 12 inches (300 mm). Her main turrets had between 11 inches (280 mm) and 12 inches (300 mm) of armor while her secondary turrets had 5.5–6 in (140–152 mm) of armor. Her conning tower was protected by 10 inches (250 mm) of armor.[2]

For armament, her main guns consisted of four 12-inch/40-cal guns. She also carried sixteen 6-inch/50-cal guns, primarily for defense against destroyers and torpedo boats. She carried six 3"/50-cal guns, eight 3-pounders (47 mm (1.9 in)), and six 1-pounders (37 mm (1.5 in)). She also had two 18 in (460 mm) torpedo tubes.[2]

Service History[edit]

From 1903 to 1907, Maine cruised along the Atlantic coast south to the West Indies and completed one cruise to the Mediterranean.[1]

Great White Fleet[edit]

On 16 December 1907 she left Hampton Roads with fifteen other battleships of the Atlantic Fleet en route to the Pacific Ocean, where she joined ships of the Pacific Fleet for a cruise around the world as the "Great White Fleet". Steaming by way of the Strait of Magellan, near the southern tip of South America, she arrived in California in the Spring of 1908. Due to her extraordinarily heavy coal consumption, she was then detached from the Great White Fleet's main body.[3] In June 1908, in company with Alabama, Maine went to Guam and the Philippines, through the Suez Canal and the Mediterranean, and returned to the Atlantic coast in October 1908, considerably in advance of the rest of the Great White Fleet.[1]

Pre-World War I[edit]

Fitted out as flagship of the 3rd Squadron, Atlantic Fleet, Maine resumed operations along the Atlantic coast and into Caribbean waters during the next several months. She decommissioned at Portsmouth, New Hampshire on 31 August 1909. Maine was modernized, receiving new "cage" masts and other alterations that greatly changed her appearance. She was recommissioned on 15 June 1911, Maine operated with the rest of the Atlantic Fleet's battleships in the Western Atlantic and Caribbean.[1][3]

World War I[edit]

Maine in 1916

During World War I, she trained engineers, armed guard crews, and midshipmen. Many of her smaller guns were removed to arm other ships.[3] Following the defeat of the Central Powers, she took part in the review of the fleet at New York City on 26 December 1918.

Interwar Period[edit]

Maine operated with ships of the Atlantic Fleet until 15 May 1920, when she decommissioned at Philadelphia Navy Yard. She was assigned the hull number BB-10[3] on 17 July 1920 and then was sold for scrap on 23 January 1922 to Joseph G. Hitner and William F. Cutlet of Philadelphia. She was rendered incapable of further warlike service on 17 December 1923 in accordance with terms of the Washington Naval Treaty, and subsequently broken up for scrap.[1]

References[edit]

Bibliography

  • Alden, John D. (1989). American Steel Navy: A Photographic History of the U.S. Navy from the Introduction of the Steel Hull in 1883 to the Cruise of the Great White Fleet. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-248-6. 
  • Chesneau, Roger; Koleśnik, Eugène M.; Campbell, N.J.M. (1979). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1860–1905. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-133-5. 
  • Friedman, Norman (1985). U.S. Battleships, An Illustrated Design History. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-715-1. 
  • Reilly, John C.; Scheina, Robert L. (1980). American Battleships 1886–1923: Predreadnought Design and Construction. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-524-8. 

Web Pages

External links[edit]