USS Maine (BB-10)
USS Maine underway
|Namesake:||State of Maine|
|Builder:||William Cramp and Sons|
|Laid down:||15 February 1899|
|Launched:||27 July 1901|
|Sponsored by:||Mary Preble Anderson|
|Commissioned:||29 December 1902|
|Decommissioned:||31 August 1909|
|Recommissioned:||15 June 1911|
|Decommissioned:||15 May 1920|
|Struck:||1 July 1921|
|Identification:||Battleship #10, then BB-10|
|Fate:||Sold for scrapping 26 January 1922|
|Notes:||In accordance with Washington Naval Treaty, rendered incapable of further combat service on 17 December 1923 prior to scrapping|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Maine-class battleship|
|Beam:||72 ft 3 in (22.02 m)|
|Speed:||18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph)|
|Complement:||561 officers and enlisted|
USS Maine (BB-10), the lead ship of her class of battleships, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named in honor of the 23rd state. Entering service in 1902, she was part of the flotilla of US Navy battleships that sailed around the world known as the Great White Fleet. She was active during World War I as a training ship. In 1921, she was stricken from the US Navy register as part of the Washington Naval Treaty and she sold for scrap in 1923.
Maine was originally without a hull identification number but simply known as "Battleship #10" based on being the tenth modern battleship (USS Indiana being the first). On 17 July 1920, the US Navy introduced the modern hull classification system and Maine was assigned the code "BB-10".
Design and Construction
The contract to build Maine was awarded to William Cramp and Sons of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on 1 October 1898, and her keel was laid down on 15 February 1899, a year to the day after the destruction of the first Maine. She was launched on 27 July 1901, sponsored by Miss Mary Preble Anderson of Portland, great granddaughter of Commodore Edward Preble. Maine Governor John Fremont Hill and his staff attended the commissioning at Philadelphia on 29 December 1902 with Captain Eugene Henry Cozzens Leutze, USNA 1867 in command.
She had a standard displacement of 12,500 short tons (11,300 t) and a full-load displacement of 13,500 short tons (12,200 t). She was 394 feet (120 m) in length overall, 388 feet (118 m) at the waterline, and had a beam of 72 feet 3 inches (22.02 m) and a mean draft of 24 feet 4 inches (7.42 m) and a maximum draft of 26 ft (7.9 m). Her crew consisted of 561 officers and enlisted men and she had a top speed of 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph).
Armor on Maine consisted of belt armor from 5.5 inches (140 mm) to 11 inches (280 mm) thick. Armor on her barbettes was between 8 inches (200 mm) and 12 inches (300 mm). Her main turrets had between 11 inches (280 mm) and 12 inches (300 mm) of armor while her secondary turrets had 5.5–6 in (140–152 mm) of armor. Her conning tower was protected by 10 inches (250 mm) of armor.
For armament, her main guns consisted of four 12-inch/40-cal guns. She also carried sixteen 6-inch/50-cal guns, primarily for defense against destroyers and torpedo boats. She carried six 3"/50-cal guns, eight 3-pounders (47 mm (1.9 in)), and six 1-pounders (37 mm (1.5 in)). She also had two 18 in (460 mm) torpedo tubes.
Great White Fleet
On 16 December 1907 she left Hampton Roads with fifteen other battleships of the Atlantic Fleet en route to the Pacific Ocean, where she joined ships of the Pacific Fleet for a cruise around the world as the "Great White Fleet". Steaming by way of the Strait of Magellan, near the southern tip of South America, she arrived in California in the Spring of 1908. Due to her extraordinarily heavy coal consumption, she was then detached from the Great White Fleet's main body. In June 1908, in company with Alabama, Maine went to Guam and the Philippines, through the Suez Canal and the Mediterranean, and returned to the Atlantic coast in October 1908, considerably in advance of the rest of the Great White Fleet.
Pre-World War I
Fitted out as flagship of the 3rd Squadron, Atlantic Fleet, Maine resumed operations along the Atlantic coast and into Caribbean waters during the next several months. She decommissioned at Portsmouth, New Hampshire on 31 August 1909. Maine was modernized, receiving new "cage" masts and other alterations that greatly changed her appearance. She was recommissioned on 15 June 1911, Maine operated with the rest of the Atlantic Fleet's battleships in the Western Atlantic and Caribbean.
World War I
During World War I, she trained engineers, armed guard crews, and midshipmen. Many of her smaller guns were removed to arm other ships. Following the defeat of the Central Powers, she took part in the review of the fleet at New York City on 26 December 1918.
Maine operated with ships of the Atlantic Fleet until 15 May 1920, when she decommissioned at Philadelphia Navy Yard. She was assigned the hull number BB-10 on 17 July 1920 and then was sold for scrap on 23 January 1922 to Joseph G. Hitner and William F. Cutlet of Philadelphia. She was rendered incapable of further warlike service on 17 December 1923 in accordance with terms of the Washington Naval Treaty, and subsequently broken up for scrap.
- Alden, John D. (1989). American Steel Navy: A Photographic History of the U.S. Navy from the Introduction of the Steel Hull in 1883 to the Cruise of the Great White Fleet. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-248-6.
- Chesneau, Roger; Koleśnik, Eugène M.; Campbell, N.J.M. (1979). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1860–1905. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-133-5.
- Friedman, Norman (1985). U.S. Battleships, An Illustrated Design History. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-715-1.
- Reilly, John C.; Scheina, Robert L. (1980). American Battleships 1886–1923: Predreadnought Design and Construction. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-524-8.
- "USS MAINE (BB-10)". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to USS Maine (BB-10).|
- Naval Historical Center USS Maine (Battleship # 10, later BB-10), 1902–1922
- MaritimeQuest USS Maine BB-10 Photo Gallery
- Photo gallery of BB-10 USS Maine 1899–1906 at NavSource Naval History