USS McCalla (DD-253)

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For other ships of the same name, see USS McCalla.
USS McCalla (DD-253)
USS McCalla (DD-253)
Career (US)
Name: USS McCalla (DD-253)
Namesake: Bowman H. McCalla
Builder: Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Fore River Shipyard, Quincy
Laid down: 25 September 1918
Launched: 18 February 1919
Commissioned: 19 May 1919
Decommissioned: 23 October 1940
Struck: 8 January 1941
Career (UK)
Name: HMS Stanley (I73)
Commissioned: 23 October 1940
Fate: sunk by enemy action,
19 December 1941
General characteristics
Class & type: Clemson-class destroyer
Displacement: 1,190 tons
Length: 314 feet 5 inches (95.83 m)
Beam: 31 feet 8 inches (9.65 m)
Draft: 9 feet 3 inches (2.82 m)
Propulsion: 26,500 shp (20 MW);
geared turbines,
2 screws
Speed: 35 knots (65 km/h)
Range: 4,900 nmi (9,100 km)
  @ 15 kt
Complement: 120 officers and enlisted
Armament: 4 x 4" (102 mm), 1 x 3" (76 mm), 12 x 21" (533 mm) tt.

The first USS McCalla (DD-253) was a Clemson-class destroyer in the United States Navy. She transferred to the Royal Navy as HMS Stanley (I73) during World War II.

As USS McCalla[edit]

Named for Bowman H. McCalla, she was laid down 25 September 1918 and launched 18 February 1919 by the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation; sponsored by Mrs. Elizabeth McCalla Miller, daughter of Rear Admiral McCalla, and commissioned 19 May 1919, Lieutenant Commander G. B. Ashe in command.

McCalla remained in active status for less than 7 months. On 26 November 1919 she went into reserve at the Norfolk Navy Yard and decommissioned 30 June 1922. After war broke out in Europe, the destroyer recommissioned 18 December 1939 and prepared for turnover to Great Britain.

As HMS Stanley[edit]

She decommissioned and became a ship of the Royal Navy 23 October 1940 at Halifax, Nova Scotia as one of the destroyers transferred to England in exchange for bases in the West Indies. Commissioned as HMS Stanley (I73) she was designated for service in the Fourth "Town" Flotilla and departed Halifax 1 November. At St. John’s on the 5th, when the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer attacked a convoy underway for the United Kingdom, sinking six ships, Stanley was dispatched to escort the convoy back to Nova Scotia. She rendezvoused with ships 60 miles out and escorted 15 vessels to Trinity Harbour. Delayed further for repairs, she finally got underway 14 December, arriving at Plymouth, England, 2 January 1941. Stanley was modified for long range trade convoy escort service by removal of the two forward boilers and substitution of additional fuel tanks. This modification improved endurance but reduced top speed to 25 knots. Three of the original 4"/50 caliber guns and one of the triple torpedo tube mounts were removed to reduce topside weight for additional depth charge stowage and installation of hedgehog.[1]

HMS Stanley after the completion of her conversion to a Long Range Escort at Devonport

Ready for service by August, Stanley was assigned first to the Western Approaches Command and then to the 40th Escort Group. One of her first convoys took her to Freetown, Sierra Leone, escorting ships carrying troops and equipment for Commonwealth units in the Middle East. On the return voyage she escorted a merchant convoy, departing 30 November. At Gibraltar in mid-December she joined Convoy HG-76, departing 14 December for Britain. On the 17th one of the escort carrier Audacity's aircraft sighted a submarine 22 miles on the port beam of the convoy. Stanley and four other escorts quickly established contact, sank U-131, and picked up 55 survivors. The next day, Stanley, with Blankney, scored another success, sinking U-434 and picking up 42 of her crew.

On 19 December 1941, success ran out. Stanley, on station astern of the convoy, reported the presence of another U-boat. Half an hour later U-574 scored a direct hit; Stanley exploded and sank (38°12′N 17°23′W / 38.200°N 17.383°W / 38.200; -17.383) with the loss of all but 25 of her crew. Within 12 minutes, however, sloop Stork (L81) responded and sank the submarine; 16 survivors were picked up.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lenton&Colledge (1968) pp.92-94

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 38°12′N 17°23′W / 38.200°N 17.383°W / 38.200; -17.383