USS McCawley (DD-276)

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Career (US)
Namesake: Charles McCawley
Builder: Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Squantum Victory Yard
Laid down: 5 November 1918
Launched: 14 June 1919
Commissioned: 22 September 1919
Decommissioned: 1 April 1930
Struck: 13 August 1930
Fate: sold for scrap, 2 September 1931
General characteristics
Class & type: Clemson-class destroyer
Displacement: 1,190 tons
Length: 314 ft 5 in (95.83 m)
Beam: 31 ft 8 in (9.65 m)
Draft: 9 ft 3 in (2.82 m)
Propulsion: 26,500 shp (20 MW);
geared turbines,
2 screws
Speed: 35 knots (65 km/h)
Range: 4,900 nmi (9,100 km)
  @ 15 kt
Complement: 120 officers and enlisted
Armament: 4 × 4" (102 mm), 1 × 3" (76 mm), 12 × 21" (533 mm) torpedo tubes

The first USS McCawley (DD-276) was a Clemson-class destroyer in the United States Navy following World War I. She was named for Colonel Charles McCawley.

McCawley was laid down 5 November 1918 by the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Quincy, Massachusetts; launched 14 June 1919; sponsored by Miss Eleanor Laurie McCawley, granddaughter of Colonel McCawley; and commissioned 22 September 1919, Lieutenant (junior grade) H. E. Haynes, in command.

Following an east coast fitting out and shakedown period, McCawley sailed for San Diego, California where she joined Destroyer Squadron 2, later DesRon 4, Pacific Fleet. She participated in local exercises off the west coast until she decommissioned at San Diego 7 June 1922.

On 27 September 1923, McCawley recommissioned and was again assigned to the Pacific Fleet. For the next 6 years she operated there, taking part in various fleet problems in addition to local and squadron training exercises. With two exceptions, during 1924 and 1927 when she steamed to the Caribbean for fleet problems, she spent the entire period in operations along the west coast, from San Diego to Puget Sound, and in Hawaiian waters.

McCawley, designated for deactivation under the terms of the London Treaty for the Limitation of Naval Armament, decommissioned at San Diego 1 April 1930. Her name was struck from the Navy list, 13 August 1930, and her hulk was scrapped and sold at auction 2 September 1931.

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