USS Montrose (APA-212)

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USS Montrose (LPA-212).jpg
Career (USA)
Name: USS Montrose (APA-212)
Namesake: A county in Colorado
Builder: Permanente Metals
Laid down: 17 June 1944
Launched: 13 September 1944
Sponsored by: Mrs Marcia C. Barnhart
Commissioned: 2 November 1944
Decommissioned: N/A
Struck: 2 November 1969
Honours and
awards:
One battle star for World War II service, three for the Korean War, and six for the Vietnam war.
Fate: Scrapped, 1970
General characteristics
Class & type: Haskell-class attack transport
Tonnage: 150,000 cu. ft, 2,900 tons
Displacement: 7,190 tons (lt), 14,837 t. (fl)
Length: 455 ft
Beam: 62 ft
Draft: 24 ft
Propulsion: 1 x Westinghouse geared turbine, 2 x Combustion Engineering header-type boilers, 1 x propeller, designed shaft horsepower 8,500
Speed: 18 knots
Boats & landing
craft carried:
2 x LCM, 12 x LCVP, 3 x LCPU
Capacity: 86 Officers 1,475 Enlisted
Crew: 56 Officers, 480 enlisted
Armament: 1 x 5"/38 caliber dual-purpose gun mount, 1 x quad 40mm gun mount, 4 x twin 40 mm gun mounts, 10 x single 20mm gun mounts
Notes: MCV Hull No. 212, hull type VC2-S-AP5

USS Montrose (APA-212) was a Haskell class attack transport that saw service with the US Navy in World War II, the Korean War and Vietnam War.

Montrose was named after a county in Colorado. She was laid down under Maritime Commission Contract 17 June 1944, by Permanente Metals Corporation of Richmond, California; launched 13 September 1944, and commissioned 2 November 1944, Comdr. H. G. Davis in command.

Operational history[edit]

World War II[edit]

After shakedown off California, Montrose embarked troops at Seattle, Washington, and steamed to the Philippines, arriving at Leyte 21 February to prepare for the invasion of the Okinawa.

Invasion of Okinawa[edit]

Montrose participated in the landings in Kerama Retto 26 March, and on 2 April, shot down two kamikazes. She steamed to Menna-shima off Okinawa 15 April, and disembarked units of the 306th Field Artillery. Four days later she took part in a diversionary feint on the southwest tip of Okinawa, returning to Menna Shima 23 April. Leaving the Ryukus she sailed to Ulithi with Army casualties, en route to San Francisco to embark more troops. She debarked these units at Manila 27 July.

After hostilities[edit]

For the next 2 months she shuttled troops between the Philippines and Hawaii. From 25 August to 24 October, Montrose was busy carrying occupation troops to Sasebo, Kyūshū. She was decommissioned on 26 October 1946, and was assigned to the Pacific Reserve Fleet at Stockton, California.

Korean War[edit]

After hostilities broke out in Korea, Montrose recommissioned 12 September 1950, and arrived Yokosuka, Japan, 8 January 1951 to help repel the invasion by North Korea. She took troops to Inchon early in 1951; and, in April, after a run to Hong Kong, she steamed for the California coast. She returned to Yokosuka 30 July 1952, and joined TF 90, supporting operations off Korea, until returning to San Diego 6 December. She returned to Japan in March 1954 and took part in training exercises from Iwo Jima to Korea.

Peacetime operations[edit]

Operation Passage to Freedom[edit]

When war threatened in Indochina, she sailed to Saigon. Leaving Saigon 9 August, she proceeded to Haiphong to evacuate refugees from there to Saigon as part of operation "Passage to Freedom." By 12 September Montrose had evacuated 9,060 people. She sailed home, arriving San Diego 21 November.

Transport and training missions[edit]

In March 1955, Montrose travelled again to Japan, disembarking members of the 3rd Marine Division. Between April and November she helped train South Korean amphibious forces and operated off the Japanese coast, until steaming to San Diego in November. She spent the early part of 1956 in training, before proceeding to the Far East for operations in the Bay of Siam in October. She arrived San Diego 13 April 1957, and operated off the California coast for the next 5 months.

In September she took part in cold weather landing exercises near Kodiak, Alaska, then remained on the west coast until 12 June, when she sailed for Japan. Between 1958 and 1965, she operated off the California coast, and made several voyages to the Far East.

Vietnam War[edit]

With the situation in South Vietnam becoming more precarious, Montrose left San Diego 23 August 1965, to begin training off Okinawa. In November, she conducted several successful strikes against the Vietcong, the first attack coming at Lang Keaa. The following month she participated in a massive attack on the Vietcong near Da Nang. She sailed 25 January 1966 for Gu Lao Re, and assisted in an attack on a Vietcong stronghold there.

She arrived 14 April at San Diego, and returned for her 12th deployment in the western Pacific early in 1967. She anchored at the mouth of Long Tau River, South Vietnam, on 23 March, and took part in the establishment of a powerful riverine force. While delivering supplies at Dong Ha 25 May, Montrose came under hostile fire. She arrived 16 September 1968 at San Diego, and began preparation for a return trip to the western Paciflc into 1969.

Final decommission[edit]

Montrose was struck from the Naval register on 2 November 1969 and returned to the Maritime Administration, who sold her for scrapping to the Ziddell Corporation of Portland, Oregon in 1970.

Decorations[edit]

Montrose received one battle star for World War II service, three for Korean War service and six for Vietnam War service, giving her a career total of ten battle stars.

References[edit]

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.