USS Mountrail (APA-213)

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USS Mountrail (APA-213).jpg
USS Mountrail (APA-213) during an underway refueling from USS Waccamaw (AO-109), 1967
Career (United States)
Name: USS Mountrail (APA-213)
Namesake: Mountrail County, North Dakota
Builder: Permanente Metals
Laid down: N/A
Launched: 20 September 1944
Sponsored by: Mrs Margaret H. Marshall
Commissioned: 16 November 1944
Decommissioned: N/A
Struck: 1 December 1976
Honours and
awards:
One battle star for World War II service, and three for the Korean War.
Fate: Unknown
General characteristics
Class & type: Haskell-class attack transport
Tonnage: 150,000 cu. ft, 2,900 tons
Displacement: 6,873 tons (lt), 14,837 t. (fl)
Length: 455 ft
Beam: 62 ft
Draft: 24 ft
Propulsion: 1 x Westinghouse geared turbine, 2 x Babcock & Wilcox header-type boilers, 1 x propeller, designed shaft horsepower 8,500
Speed: 17.7 knots
Boats & landing
craft carried:
2 x LCM, 12 x LCVP, 3 x LCPU
Capacity: 86 Officers 1,475 Enlisted
Crew: 56 Officers, 480 enlisted
Armament: 1 x 5"/38 caliber dual-purpose gun mount, 1 x quad 40mm gun mount, 4 x twin 40mm gun mounts, 10 x single 20mm gun mounts
Notes: MCV Hull No. ?, hull type VC2-S-AP5

USS Mountrail (APA-213) was a Haskell-class attack transport that saw service with the US Navy in World War II and the Korean War.

Mountrail was named after Mountrail County, North Dakota. She was built under Maritime Commission contract by Permanente Metals Corporation, Richmond, California; launched 20 September 1944, and commissioned 16 November 1944, Comdr. R. R. Stevens in command.

Operational history[edit]

World War II[edit]

Following shakedown, Mountrail embarked troops at Seattle and sailed for the Philippines 10 January 1945.

Invasion of Okinawa[edit]

Reaching Leyte Gulf 21 February, she put to sea with men of the 77th Infantry Division for amphibious training off Leyte before departing San Pedro Bay 21 March to join a convoy for the Okinawa invasion. She arrived off Kerama Retto 26 March. While she landed troops 2 April, her gunners shot down three planes.

Mountrail departed Kerama Retto and arrived San Francisco 22 May to load troops for the Philippines, whom she disembarked at Manila.

After hostilities[edit]

Returning San Francisco 5 August, she sailed with more troops, landing them at Batangas, Luzon, 11 September. At Leyte Gulf she took on occupation troops whom she landed at Hakodate, Japan, 4 October. then carried Marines from Japan to Tsingtao, China, before sailing for home 5 November. She decommissioned 12 July 1946 and entered the Paciflc Reserve Fleet at Stockton, California.

Korean War[edit]

With the outbreak of the Korean War, Mountrail recommissioned 9 September 1950, and sailed 22 December for the Far East to carry men between Japan and Korea until returning San Diego 2 August 1951. On 28 May 1952, she sailed for her second tour of duty with the 7th Fleet operating between Hong Kong and Korea for the next 6 months. On 14 October she joined in the feint off Bolo, Korea, which tricked the Communists completely.

Operation "Passage to Freedom"[edit]

Mountrail returned to Long Beach in December and trained on the West Coast until sailing for Japan 28 November 1953.

She sailed between the Philippines and Japan until August. when she Joined operation "Passage to Freedom", the massive evacuation of refugees from North to South Vietnam. She returned to Long Beach 9 October 1954, and decommissioned 1 October 1955 to return to reserve.

Third commission[edit]

Mountrail recommissioned 22 November 1961 and sailed to join Amphibious Squadron 12, Atlantic Fleet. During training, she operated in the Atlantic and Caribbean, strengthening American forces at Guantanamo Bay during the Cuban Missile Crisis of fall 1962. In October and November 1964 she took part in NATO landing exercises in southern Spain, and 8 February 1965 she left Norfolk, Virginia for her first deployment with the 6th Fleet. She took part in exercises off Norway in June and July, returning Norfolk 20 July.

She was decommissioned at an unknown date, and struck from the Navy Vessel Register on 1 December 1976.

Decorations[edit]

Mountrail received one battle star for World War II service and three for Korean War service.

References[edit]

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.