USS O-14 (SS-75)

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USS O-14 (SS-75).jpg
USS O-14 off Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, California, ca. 1924.
Career
Name: USS O-14
Ordered: 3 March 1916
Builder: California Shipbuilding Company, Long Beach, California
Laid down: 6 July 1916
Launched: 6 May 1918
Commissioned: 1 October 1918
Decommissioned: 17 June 1924
Struck: 9 May 1930
Fate: Sold for scrap, 30 July 1930
General characteristics
Type: O class submarine
Displacement: 491 long tons (499 t) surfaced
566 long tons (575 t) submerged
Length: 175 ft (53 m)
Beam: 16 ft 7 in (5.05 m)
Draft: 13 ft 11 in (4.24 m)
Propulsion: Diesel-electric
2 × 500 hp (373 kW) diesel engines
2 × 400 hp (298 kW) electric motors
2 shafts
Speed: 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph) surfaced
11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph) submerged
Complement: 2 officers, 27 men
Armament: • 4 × 18 in (457 mm) torpedo tubes, 8 torpedoes
• 1 × 3"/50 caliber deck gun

USS O-14 (SS-75) was an O-class submarine of the United States Navy. Her keel was laid down on 6 July 1916 at California Shipbuilding Company in Long Beach, California.

The later O-boats (O-11 through O-16) were designed by Lake Torpedo Boat to different specifications from the earlier ones designed by Electric Boat. They performed much less well, and are sometimes considered a separate class.

O-14 was launched on 6 May 1918 sponsored by Miss Eleanor N. Hatch, and commissioned on 1 October 1918 with Lieutenant R. E. Schuirmann in command.

Service history[edit]

One of many N- and O-class submarines building just prior to the U.S. entry into World War I, O-14 commissioned too late for World War I combat service, but reported to Cape May, New Jersey, in 1919. In September, she was placed in commission, in reserve, at Cape May. In October she proceeded to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, for fitting out.

In 1922, O-14 was based at Coco Solo, Panama Canal Zone; on 26 January, she sailed to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba on a trial run. At Guantanamo Bay in February, she operated in formation in and around the Virgin Islands in March, before returning to Coco Solo. In May, O-14, with O-15 and O-16, resumed diving operations, which continued into 1923 as SubDiv 10 conducted diving tactical operations. In November, O-14 proceeded to Philadelphia.

Decommissioning on 17 June 1924 after just five and a half years of service, O-14 was turned over to the Commandant, Navy Yard, Philadelphia. Struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 9 May 1930, the boat was scrapped in accordance with the London Naval Treaty on 30 July 1930.

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