USS O-16 (SS-77)
|Ordered:||3 March 1916|
|Builder:||California Shipbuilding Company, Long Beach, California|
|Laid down:||7 October 1916|
|Launched:||9 February 1918|
|Commissioned:||1 August 1918|
|Decommissioned:||21 June 1924|
|Struck:||9 May 1930|
|Fate:||Sold for scrap, 30 July 1930|
|Type:||O class submarine|
|Displacement:||491 long tons (499 t) surfaced
566 long tons (575 t) submerged
|Length:||175 ft (53 m)|
|Beam:||16 ft 7 in (5.05 m)|
|Draft:||13 ft 11 in (4.24 m)|
2 × 500 hp (373 kW) diesel engines
2 × 400 hp (298 kW) electric motors
|Speed:||14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph) surfaced
11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph) submerged
|Complement:||2 officers, 27 men|
|Armament:||• 4 × 18 in (457 mm) torpedo tubes, 8 torpedoes
• 1 × 3"/50 caliber deck gun
The later O-boats (O-11 through O-16) were designed by Lake Torpedo Boat to different specifications from the earlier ones designed by Electric Boat. They performed much less well, and are sometimes considered a separate class.
Commissioning during the final months of World War I, O-16 had little wartime duty. After the war, she reported to Cape May, New Jersey, where she went into dry-dock on 20 September 1919. In October, the boat sailed to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where a dangerous fire in her superstructure on 29 December was brought under control before it did major damage.
In 1922, O-16 was stationed at Coco Solo, Panama Canal Zone, for diving tests and maneuvers. She cruised in formation with O-12 (SS-73), O-14 (SS-75), O-15 (SS-76), and submarine tender Bushnell (AS-2) to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, on 26 January, and continued maneuvers in and around the Virgin Islands. In April, she returned to Coco Solo, where electricians and engineers put her in prime condition.
In November 1923, O-16 sailed to Philadelphia, where she decommissioned on 21 June 1924 after just five and a half years of service, and was turned over to the Commandant, Navy Yard, Philadelphia. Struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 9 May 1930, the boat was scrapped in accordance with the London Naval Treaty on 30 July 1930.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Photo gallery of USS O-16 at NavSource Naval History
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