USS Ohio (BB-12)
Ohio at anchor
|Namesake:||State of Ohio|
|Ordered:||4 May 1898|
|Builder:||Union Iron Works|
|Laid down:||22 April 1899|
|Launched:||18 May 1901|
|Sponsored by:||Helen Deschler|
|Commissioned:||4 October 1904|
|Decommissioned:||31 May 1922|
|Struck:||14 August 1922|
|Fate:||Sold for scrap|
|General characteristics |
|Class & type:||Maine-class battleship|
|Displacement:||12,723 tons (11,542 tonnes)|
|Beam:||72 ft 3 in (22.02 m)|
|Installed power:||16,000 ihp (12,000 kW)|
|Speed:||18 kn (21 mph; 33 km/h)|
|Capacity:||Coal: 1,000 tons (normal); 1,904 tons (maximum)|
|Complement:||561 officers and enlisted|
Ohio was laid down on 22 April 1899 by Union Iron Works, San Francisco. She was launched on 18 May 1901 sponsored by Miss Helen Deschler, a relative of Governor George K. Nash of Ohio. President and Mrs. William McKinley attended the ceremony. Ohio commissioned on 4 October 1904, Captain Leavitt C. Logan in command.
Pre-World War I
Designated flagship of the Asiatic Fleet, Ohio departed San Francisco on 1 April 1905 for Manila, where she embarked the party of then Secretary of War William Howard Taft, which included Miss Alice Roosevelt, President Theodore Roosevelt's daughter. She conducted this party on much of its Far Eastern tour of inspection, and continued the cruise in Japanese, Chinese, and Philippine waters until returning to the United States in 1907. Also aboard for this cruise as Midshipman–later to receive promotion to Fleet Admiral–Chester Nimitz.
Ohio sailed out of Hampton Roads on 16 December 1907 with the battleships of the Atlantic Fleet. Guns crashed a salute to President Roosevelt while he reviewed the "Great White Fleet", as it began the cruise around the world, which—perhaps more than any other single event—marked the emergence of the United States as a major world power.
Commanded by Rear Admiral Robley D. Evans, and later, Rear Admiral Charles S. Sperry, the fleet made calls on the east and west coasts of South America, rounding the Horn in between, en route to San Francisco. On 7 July 1908, Ohio and her sisters shaped their course west to Hawaii, New Zealand, and Australia. On each visit the American ships were welcomed with great enthusiasm but none of their ports of call received them with such enthusiastic friendliness as Tokyo, Japan, where they anchored on 18 October. The fleet's presence in Japan symbolized both American friendship and strength and helped to ease dangerously strained relations between the two countries.
The fleet put in at Amoy, returned to Yokohama, held target practice in the Philippines and was homeward-bound on 1 December. After steaming through the Suez Canal on 4 January 1909, the fleet made Mediterranean calls, before anchoring in Hampton Roads on 22 February.
Ohio sailed on to New York, her home port for the next four years during duty training men of the New York Naval Militia and performing general service with the Atlantic Fleet.
In 1914, she sailed to the Gulf of Mexico to join in the patrol off Veracruz, protecting American interests endangered by Mexican political turmoil. Ohio returned north in the summer for a United States Naval Academy midshipmen cruise, then joined the Reserve Fleet at Philadelphia, recommissioning for each of the next two summers' midshipmen cruises — 1915 and 1916.
World War I
Soon after the United States entered World War I Ohio recommissioned on 24 April 1917. Throughout the war, she operated out of Norfolk, training crews for the expanding fleet, taking part in battleship maneuvers. She arrived at Philadelphia on 28 November 1918 and was placed in reserve there on 7 January 1919. Decommissioned on 31 May 1922, she was sold for scrap on 24 March 1923.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Alden, John D. (1989). American Steel Navy: A Photographic History of the U.S. Navy from the Introduction of the Steel Hull in 1883 to the Cruise of the Great White Fleet. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-248-6.
- Chesneau, Roger; Koleśnik, Eugène M.; Campbell, N.J.M. (1979). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1860–1905. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-133-5.
- Friedman, Norman (1985). U.S. Battleships, An Illustrated Design History. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-715-1.
- Reilly, John C.; Scheina, Robert L. (1980). American Battleships 1886–1923: Predreadnought Design and Construction. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-524-8.
- Taylor, Michael J.H. (1990). Jane's Fighting Ships of World War I. Studio. ISBN 1-85170-378-0.
- "Ohio". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to USS Ohio (BB-12).|
- Naval Historical Center USS Ohio (Battleship # 12, later BB-12), 1904–1923
- MaritimeQuest USS Ohio BB-12 Photo Gallery
- Photo gallery of Ohio at NavSource Naval History