USS Ohio (BB-12)

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For other ships of the same name, see USS Ohio.
Ohio at anchor
Ohio at anchor
Career (US)
Name: USS Ohio
Namesake: State of Ohio
Ordered: 4 May 1898
Builder: Union Iron Works
Laid down: 22 April 1899
Launched: 18 May 1901
Sponsored by: Helen Deschler
Commissioned: 4 October 1904
Decommissioned: 31 May 1922
Struck: 14 August 1922
Fate: Sold for scrap
General characteristics [1][2]
Class & type: Maine-class battleship
Displacement: 12,723 tons (11,542 tonnes)
Length:
  • 388 ft (118 m) (waterline)
  • 393 ft 10 in (120.04 m) (overall)
Beam: 72 ft 3 in (22.02 m)
Draft:
  • 23 ft 10 in (7.26 m) (mean)
  • 25 ft 4 in (7.72 m) (maximum)
Installed power: 16,000 ihp (12,000 kW)
Propulsion:
  • 2 × 4-cylinder triple expansion reciprocating
  • 12 × Thornycroft boilers
  • 2 × shafts
Speed: 18 kn (21 mph; 33 km/h)
Capacity: Coal: 1,000 tons (normal); 1,904 tons (maximum)
Complement: 561 officers and enlisted
Armament:
  • 4 × 12 in (300 mm)/40 cal Mark 3 Mod 3 guns
  • 8 × 6 in (150 mm)/50 cal Mark 6 guns
  • 2 × 3 in (76 mm)/23 cal AA guns
  • 8 × 3-pounders (47 mm (1.9 in)
  • 6 × 1-pounders (37 mm (1.5 in))
  • 3 × .30 in (7.62 mm) machine guns
  • 2 × submerged 18 in (460 mm) torpedo tubes
Armor:
  • Belt: 7.5 to 11 in (190 to 280 mm) (amidships); 4 in (100 mm) (bow)
  • Deck: 2.5 in (64 mm) (on slopes); 4 in (100 mm) (aft)
  • Turrets: 12 in (300 mm); 8 to 12 in (200 to 300 mm) (base)
  • Casemates: 6 in (150 mm) (forward)
  • Conning Tower: 10 in (250 mm)

USS Ohio (BB-12), a Maine-class battleship, was the third ship of the United States Navy named for the 17th state.

Ohio was laid down on 22 April 1899 by Union Iron Works, San Francisco. She was launched on 18 May 1901 sponsored by Miss Helen Deschler, a relative of Governor George K. Nash of Ohio. President and Mrs. William McKinley attended the ceremony. Ohio commissioned on 4 October 1904, Captain Leavitt C. Logan in command.

Pre-World War I[edit]

Designated flagship of the Asiatic Fleet, Ohio departed San Francisco on 1 April 1905 for Manila, where she embarked the party of then Secretary of War William Howard Taft, which included Miss Alice Roosevelt, President Theodore Roosevelt's daughter. She conducted this party on much of its Far Eastern tour of inspection, and continued the cruise in Japanese, Chinese, and Philippine waters until returning to the United States in 1907. Also aboard for this cruise as Midshipman–later to receive promotion to Fleet AdmiralChester Nimitz.

Ohio sailed out of Hampton Roads on 16 December 1907 with the battleships of the Atlantic Fleet. Guns crashed a salute to President Roosevelt while he reviewed the "Great White Fleet", as it began the cruise around the world, which—perhaps more than any other single event—marked the emergence of the United States as a major world power.

Commanded by Rear Admiral Robley D. Evans, and later, Rear Admiral Charles S. Sperry, the fleet made calls on the east and west coasts of South America, rounding the Horn in between, en route to San Francisco. On 7 July 1908, Ohio and her sisters shaped their course west to Hawaii, New Zealand, and Australia. On each visit the American ships were welcomed with great enthusiasm but none of their ports of call received them with such enthusiastic friendliness as Tokyo, Japan, where they anchored on 18 October. The fleet's presence in Japan symbolized both American friendship and strength and helped to ease dangerously strained relations between the two countries.

The fleet put in at Amoy, returned to Yokohama, held target practice in the Philippines and was homeward-bound on 1 December. After steaming through the Suez Canal on 4 January 1909, the fleet made Mediterranean calls, before anchoring in Hampton Roads on 22 February.

Ohio sailed on to New York, her home port for the next four years during duty training men of the New York Naval Militia and performing general service with the Atlantic Fleet.

Ohio Ship's Bell on Display at the Ohio Historical Society

In 1914, she sailed to the Gulf of Mexico to join in the patrol off Veracruz, protecting American interests endangered by Mexican political turmoil. Ohio returned north in the summer for a United States Naval Academy midshipmen cruise, then joined the Reserve Fleet at Philadelphia, recommissioning for each of the next two summers' midshipmen cruises — 1915 and 1916.

World War I[edit]

Soon after the United States entered World War I Ohio recommissioned on 24 April 1917. Throughout the war, she operated out of Norfolk, training crews for the expanding fleet, taking part in battleship maneuvers. She arrived at Philadelphia on 28 November 1918 and was placed in reserve there on 7 January 1919. Decommissioned on 31 May 1922, she was sold for scrap on 24 March 1923.

References[edit]

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External links[edit]