USS Patapsco (1862)
Pencil sketch of USS Patapsco
|Builder:||Harlan & Hollingsworth|
|Laid down:||date unknown|
|Launched:||27 September 1862|
|Commissioned:||2 January 1863|
|Fate:||sunk in battle (mine), 15 January 1865|
|Class & type:||Passaic-class ironclad monitor|
|Displacement:||1,875 long tons (1,905 t)|
|Length:||241 ft (73 m)|
|Beam:||46 ft (14 m)|
|Draft:||10 ft 10 in (3.30 m)|
|Installed power:||320 ihp (240 kW)|
|Propulsion:||1 × Ericsson vibrating lever engine
2 × Martin boilers
1 × shaft
|Speed:||6 kn (6.9 mph; 11 km/h)|
|Complement:||105 officers and enlisted|
|Armament:||1 × 15 in (380 mm) smoothbore gun, 1 × 8 in (200 mm) Parrott rifle|
|Notes:||Armor is iron.|
Built in Wilmington, Delaware
Patapsco was the fourth U.S. Navy ship to bear that name. She was built by Harlan & Hollingsworth, Wilmington, Delaware; launched on 27 September 1862; and commissioned on 2 January 1863, Commander Daniel Ammen in command.
Civil War service
Assigned to the South Atlantic blockade
Assigned to the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, she took part in a bombardment of Fort McAllister on 3 March. On 7 April, Patapsco joined eight other ironclads in a vigorous attack on Fort Sumter, and received 47 hits from Confederate gunfire during that day.
Beginning in mid-July, she began her participation in a lengthy bombardment campaign against Charleston's defending fortifications. This led to the capture of Fort Wagner in early September. Fort Sumter was reduced to a pile of rubble, but remained a formidable opponent.
In November 1863, Patapsco tested a large obstruction-clearing explosive device that had been devised by John Ericsson. Remaining off South Carolina and Georgia during much of 1864 and into 1865, the monitor — or her boat crews — took part in a reconnaissance of the Wilmington River, Georgia, in January 1864 and helped capture or destroy enemy sailing vessels in February and November of that year.
Sunk by a mine
On 14 January 1865, while participating in obstruction clearance operations in Charleston Harbor, Patapsco struck a Confederate mine and sank, with heavy loss of life.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Additional technical data from Gardiner, Robert (1979). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. Conway Maritime Press. p. 120. ISBN 0-85177-133-5.