USS Pigeon (ASR-21)
|Awarded:||15 November 1967|
|Builder:||Alabama Drydock and Shipbuilding Company, Mobile, Alabama|
|Laid down:||17 July 1968|
|Launched:||13 August 1969|
|Acquired:||29 January 1972|
|Commissioned:||28 April 1973|
|Decommissioned:||31 August 1992|
|Struck:||31 August 1992|
|Class & type:||Pigeon-class submarine rescue ship|
|Displacement:||4,119 long tons (4,185 t) light
4,954 long tons (5,033 t) full
|Length:||251 ft (77 m) o/a
230 ft (70 m) w/l
|Beam:||86 ft (26 m)|
|Draft:||26 ft (7.9 m)|
|Propulsion:||4 diesel engines, two shafts|
|Speed:||15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)|
|Complement:||17 officers, 149 enlisted|
|Armament:||2 × 20 mm guns|
|Aviation facilities:||Helicopter platform only|
The third USS Pigeon (ASR–21) was the lead ship of her class of submarine rescue ships. Laid down on 17 July 1968 by the Alabama Dry Dock and Shipbuilding Co., Mobile, Alabama, the ship was launched on 13 August 1969, sponsored by Mrs. Allen M. Shinn, wife of Vice Admiral Shinn, Commander Naval Air Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet, and commissioned on 28 April 1973. She was a sister ship to USS Ortolan (ASR-22).
The leader of a new class of submarine rescue ships designed to operate with the Navy's new deep submergence rescue vehicles, Pigeon was the first seagoing catamaran warship built for the Navy since Robert Fulton's twin-hulled steam warship Fulton was built at the close of the War of 1812. Her twin hull gave great stability for deep water operations and provides ample deck working space. She was able to carry two deep submergence vehicles on her main deck. These craft were capable of docking to a disabled submarine on the sea bottom, removing survivors and transporting them to the surface. Pigeon also carried the McCann diving bell or rescue chamber which was used to rescue the survivors of submarine Squalus (SS-192) in 1939. Pigeon 's mooring system enabled her to maintain a precise position over a disabled submarine during rescue operations.
Pigeon's rescue control center used a three-dimensional sonar system for continuous tracking of the rescue vehicle. During rescue operations it served as a floating command post with specialized communications equipment for contacting the disabled submarine and any other craft, planes or ships working with her.
Pigeon was towed to Brownsville, Texas for scrapping in January 2012.
In Tom Clancy's novel The Hunt for Red October, USS Pigeon was the ship that rescued Soviet seamen from renegade ballistic missile submarine Red October after Captain Ramius fakes a shipboard emergency.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain. The entry can be found here.
- Photo gallery of USS Pigeon at NavSource Naval History
- globalsecurity.org: ASR 21 Pigeon
- Federation of American Scientists: ASR 21 Pigeon
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