USS Porter (DD-356)

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For other ships of the same name, see USS Porter.
USS Porter DD-356.jpg
USS Porter (DD-356)
Career (US)
Builder: New York Shipbuilding Corporation
Laid down: 18 December 1933
Launched: 12 December 1935
Commissioned: 25 August 1936
Struck: 2 November 1942
Fate: Sunk following enemy action,
26 October 1942
General characteristics
Class & type: Porter-class destroyer
Displacement: 1,850 tons
Length: 381 ft (116 m)
Beam: 36 ft 2 in (11.02 m)
Draft: 10 ft 5 in (3.18 m)
Propulsion: 50,000 shp (37,285 kW);
Geared Turbines,
2 screws
Speed: 35 knots (65 km/h)
Range: 6,500 nmi. at 12 knots
(12,000 km at 22 km/h)
Complement: 194
Armament: As Built:
1 x Mk33 Gun Fire Control System
8 × 5"(127mm)/38cal SP (4×2),
8 × 1.1"(28mm) AA (2x4),
8 x 21"(533mm) torpedo tubes (2x4)
c1942:
1 x Mk33 Gun Fire Control System
8 × 5"(127mm)/38cal SP guns (4×2),
2 X 40mm AA (1x2),
6 x 20mm AA (6x1),
2 x Depth Charge stern racks

USS Porter (DD-356) was the lead ship in her class of destroyers in the United States Navy. She was the third Navy ship named for Commodore David Porter and his son, Admiral David Dixon Porter.

Porter was laid down by the New York Shipbuilding Corporation at Camden in New Jersey on 18 December 1933, launched on 12 December 1935 by Miss Carlile Patterson Porter and commissioned at Philadelphia on 27 August 1936, Commander Forrest B. Royal in command.

After shakedown in waters off Northern Europe, Porter visited St. John's, Newfoundland, for ceremonies in honor of the coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in May 1937 and was at the Washington Navy Yard during the Boy Scout Jamboree, June–July 1937.[citation needed] Then reassigned to the Pacific Fleet, she transited the Panama Canal and arrived at San Francisco, California 5 August 1937. She operated continuously with the Pacific Fleet until the outbreak of World War II, homeported at San Diego, California.

On 5 December 1941, Porter got underway from Pearl Harbor, escaping the Japanese attack by two days. She patrolled with cruisers and destroyers in Hawaiian waters before steaming in convoy 25 March 1942 for the west coast.[citation needed]

She operated off the west coast with Task Force 1 (TF 1) for the next 4 months. Returning to Pearl Harbor in mid-August, she trained in Hawaiian waters until 16 October when she sortied with TF 16 and headed for the Solomon Islands.

Sinking by Torpedo[edit]

On 26 October 1942, TF 16 exchanged air attacks with strong Japanese forces northeast of Guadalcanal in the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands. During the ensuing action, Porter was torpedoed, and, after the crew had abandoned ship, was sunk by gunfire from Shaw (DD-373). Authorities differ as to the source of the torpedo which sunk Porter. Author Eric Hammel states Porter was sunk by a single torpedo, part of a three-torpedo spread fired from Japanese submarine I-21.[1] However, author Richard B. Frank states that Japanese records don't support this, and that, more likely, an errant torpedo from a ditching U.S. TBF Avenger hit Porter and caused the fatal damage.[2] Her name was struck from the Navy List 2 November 1942.

Porter earned one battle star for World War II service.

References[edit]

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hammel, Eric (1987). Guadalcanal: The Carrier Battles. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc. p. 411-413. 
  2. ^ Frank, Richard B. (1990). Guadalcanal : The Definitive Account of the Landmark Battle. New York: Penguin Group. ISBN 0-14-016561-4.  p. 388-389.