USS Puritan (ID-2222)

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S.S. Puritan (George M. Cox).jpg
SS Puritan prior to World War I
Career (United States)
Name: SS Puritan
Builder: Craig Shipbuilding Company
Toledo, Ohio
Christened: SS Puritan
Completed: 1901
Acquired: April 1918 (U.S. Navy)
Commissioned: 20 November 1918
Decommissioned: 1919
Renamed: George M. Cox
Fate: Sunk 1933
General characteristics
Type: Commercial steamship
Displacement: 1,762 tons
Length: 233 ft (71 m) 1901
259 ft (79 m) 1908
Beam: 40.5 ft (12.3 m)
Speed: 15.6 kts
GEORGE M. COX
USS Puritan (ID-2222) is located in Michigan
USS Puritan (ID-2222)
Location Near Rock of Ages Light, Isle Royale National Park Michigan[2]
Coordinates 47°51′28″N 89°19′32″W / 47.85778°N 89.32556°W / 47.85778; -89.32556Coordinates: 47°51′28″N 89°19′32″W / 47.85778°N 89.32556°W / 47.85778; -89.32556
Area 206.6 acres (83.6 ha)
Governing body Federal
MPS Shipwrecks of Isle Royale National Park TR
NRHP Reference # 84001749[1]
Added to NRHP 14 June 1984

The USS Puritan, a civilian transport built by Craig Shipbuilding Company in Toledo, Ohio, was launched in 1901, and lengthened by 26 ft (7.9 m) in 1908. The ship sailed on the Great Lakes in passenger service, was purchased by the U.S. Navy at the end of the war, and returned to passenger service after the war. The ship sank in 1933 near Isle Royale in Lake Superior, and its wreck is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Civilian Service prior to World War I[edit]

She mainly operated on Lake Michigan in passenger service between Chicago, Holland, and Benton Harbor.[3]

USS Puritan[edit]

The Puritan was purchased by the U.S. Navy in April 1918 and commissioned 20 November 1918. Although she was suitable for coastal transport in the English Channel, she may have never left the Great Lakes in naval service. The Puritan was decommissioned in 1919 and sold to a firm in Chicago.[3]

Civilian Service after World War I[edit]

She went back into passenger service from Chicago to other ports on the Great Lakes from 1920 to 1929. At the start of the Great Depression, she was laid up.[3]

George M. Cox[edit]

Diving the wreckage

The Puritan was purchased in the 1930s by George Cox, who was an entrepreneur from New Orleans, and refitted in an elegant manner. In 1933 the ship was renamed the George M. Cox. On her first cruise with a contingent of special guests, she struck the shoals near the Rock of Ages Light in the fog on 27 May 1933.[4] The 127 passengers and crew were rescued and spent the night in the crowded lighthouse and on the surrounding rocks. The ship was unsalvageable and remained on the rocks until it was broken up in an October storm. It sank near the wrecks of the Cumberland and the Henry Chisholm. The wreck sits in 10–100 feet of water[4] and is a popular dive site.[5] Approximately 65 dives were made to the Cox in 2009 out of 1062 dives made to wrecks in the Isle Royale National Park.[6]

National Register of Historic Places[edit]

The George M. Cox wreck was named to the National Register of Historic Places on 14 June 1984, No. 84001749.[1] It is discussed along with other nearby wrecks in Shipwrecks of Isle Royale National Park, TR[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ The wreck is listed as "address restricted", but Isle Royale National Park permits public dives and publushes the location of the wreck. Coordinate location is per "The Wrecks of Isle Royale". Black Dog Diving. Retrieved 12 December 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c "S.S. Puritan". Online Library of Selected Images:CIVILIAN SHIPS. U.S. Navy Historical Center. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  4. ^ a b "Scuba Diving". Isle Royal National Park, National Park Service. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  5. ^ "Rock of Ages Light Station". The Keeper's Log. U.S. Lighthouse Society. Retrieved 2008-05-24. 
  6. ^ Pete Sweger (2010), "A Diver’s Experience", The Greenstone 2010: 9 
  7. ^ Shipwrecks of Isle Royale National Park TR

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.

Further reading[edit]

See also[edit]