USS R-19 (SS-96)

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USS R-19 (SS-96).jpg
USS R-19
Career
Name: USS R-19
Ordered: 29 August 1916
Builder: Union Iron Works, San Francisco, California
Laid down: 23 June 1917
Launched: 28 January 1918
Sponsored by: Mrs. Robert L. Irvine
Commissioned: 7 October 1918
Decommissioned: 15 May 1931
Recommissioned: 6 January 1941
Decommissioned: 9 March 1942
Reclassified: From "Submarine Number 96" to SS-96, July 1920
Fate: Transferred to Royal Navy, 9 March 1942
Career Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS P.514
Acquired: 9 March 1942
Fate: Sunk, 21 June 1942
General characteristics
Type: R class submarine
Displacement: 569 long tons (578 t) surfaced
680 long tons (691 t) submerged
Length: 186 ft 2 in (56.74 m)
Beam: 18 ft (5.5 m)
Draft: 14 ft 6 in (4.42 m)
Propulsion: Diesel-electric
880 hp (656 kW) diesel engines
934 hp (696 kW) electric motors
Speed: 13.5 knots (25.0 km/h; 15.5 mph) surfaced
10.5 knots (19.4 km/h; 12.1 mph) submerged
Range: 3,700 nmi (6,900 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
100 nmi (190 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph) submerged
Complement: 2 officers, 27 men
Armament: • 4 × 21 in (533 mm) bow torpedo tubes, 8 torpedoes
• 1 × 3"/50 caliber gun

USS R-19 (SS-96) was an R-class coastal and harbor defense submarine of the United States Navy.

Construction and commissioning[edit]

R-19 '​s keel was laid down by the Union Iron Works of San Francisco on 23 June 1917. She was launched on 28 January 1918 sponsored by Mrs. Robert L. Irvine, and commissioned on 7 October 1918 with Lieutenant Commander William F. Callaway in command.

United States Navy service[edit]

After commissioning, which was one month before the Armistice with Germany ending World War I took effect, R-19 remained on the West Coast of the United States for nine months at San Pedro, California until March 1919, and then at San Francisco, undergoing overhaul, until June 1919. On 17 June 1919 R-19 left the United States for the Territory of Hawaii. Eight days later she reached Pearl Harbor in Hawaii and began almost 12 years of training submarine crews and testing equipment.

During July 1920 the hull classification symbol of R-19 was changed from "Submarine Number 96" to "SS-96."

On 12 December 1930, R-19 left Pearl Harbor for the Philadelphia Navy Yard. En route she called at San Diego; voyaged south to the Panama Canal Zone; negotiated the Panama Canal; then voyaged north through the Caribbean Sea and the coastal waters of the US East Coast; and, finally, up Delaware Bay and the Delaware River to Philadelphia.

On 15 May 1931, R-19 was decommissioned at the Philadelphia Navy Yard and placed in the reserve fleet at that shipyard, where she remained berthed at League Island for the next nine years.

R-19 was recommissioned on 6 January 1941, then went to the Naval Submarine Base New London at Groton, Connecticut, where she was reconditioned. During May 1941, R-19 headed south. For the remainder of the spring, summer, and into the fall of 1941, she patrolled and conducted training exercises in the Virgin Islands and off the Panama Canal Zone. In October 1941, R-19 returned to Groton and continued her role as a training submarine.

On 9 March 1942, R-19 was decommissioned again.

For her service in the United States Navy, the R-19 was eligible for the World War I Victory Medal, American Defense Service Medal, American Campaign Medal and the World War II Victory Medal.

Royal Navy service as HMS P.514[edit]

Church monument at Swinbrook, England, to Lt. Phillimore and the crew of HMS P.514

R-19 was transferred to the United Kingdom under the terms of Lend-Lease on 9 March 1942. Commissioned into the Royal Navy, she was renamed HMS P.514.

In June 1942 she sailed for St. Johns, Newfoundland under the command of Lieutenant Walter Phillimore, RN.[1] At 0300 on 21 June 1942, P.514 encountered a Royal Canadian Navy minesweeper, HMCS Georgian. Unaware of any friendly submarines in the area and receiving no reply to her challenge, Georgian rammed P.514, which sank with the loss of all hands.[1][2]

A Board of Inquiry ruled that Georgian '​s commanding officer had acted correctly.

Lt. Phillimore's parents lived at Swinbrook, Oxfordshire, England.[1] There is a memorial to P.514 '​s officers and men in the Church of England parish church of St. Mary the Virgin in Swinbrook.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Text of monument in the parish church of St Mary the Virgin, Swinbrook
  2. ^ "Canadian Navy Background Information June". navy.forces.gc.ca. Retrieved 2008-07-04. 

External links[edit]