USS R-4 (SS-81)

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USS R-4 (SS-81).jpg
USS R-4 in the 1920s.
Career
Name: USS R-4
Ordered: 29 August 1916
Builder: Fore River Shipbuilding, Quincy, Massachusetts
Laid down: 16 October 1917
Launched: 26 October 1918
Commissioned: 28 March 1919
Decommissioned: 18 June 1945
Struck: 11 July 1945
Fate: Sold for scrap, January 1946
General characteristics
Type: R class submarine
Displacement: 569 long tons (578 t) surfaced
680 long tons (691 t) submerged
Length: 186 ft 2 in (56.74 m)
Beam: 18 ft (5.5 m)
Draft: 14 ft 6 in (4.42 m)
Propulsion: Diesel-electric
Speed: 13.5 knots (25.0 km/h; 15.5 mph) surfaced
10.5 knots (19.4 km/h; 12.1 mph) submerged
Complement: 34 officers and men
Armament: • 4 × 21 in (533 mm) torpedo tubes
• 1 × 3"/50 caliber gun

USS R-4 (SS-81) was an R-class coastal and harbor defense submarine of the United States Navy. Her keel was laid down on 16 October 1917 by the Fore River Shipbuilding Company in Quincy, Massachusetts. She was launched on 26 October 1918 sponsored by Mrs. Albert W. Stahl, and commissioned on 28 March 1919 with Lieutenant Palmer Hall Dunbar, Jr. in command.

Service history[edit]

After outfitting at Boston Navy Yard, R-4 joined Submarine Division 9 of the Atlantic Fleet at New London, Connecticut on 12 August 1919. She sailed 4 December 1919 for Norfolk, Virginia, and winter operations in the Gulf of Mexico from 21 January to 14 April 1920. R-4 later returned to New England on 18 May for four months of maneuvers with her division. Given hull classification symbol SS-81 in July, she arrived at Norfolk on 15 September for an overhaul lasting until April 1921.

R-4 deployed to the Pacific Ocean on 11 April 1921, transited the Panama Canal on 28 May, and arrived at her new base, San Pedro, California, on 30 June. She participated in war games with the battle fleet in the Gulf of Fonseca from 5 February to 6 April 1923, returning to San Pedro with Camden (AS-6) on 10 April. R-4 was transferred on 16 July with Division 9 and Canopus (AS-9) to Pearl Harbor where she remained for the next eight years engaged in training and operations with fleet units. On 12 September 1925 R-4 under the command of Lt. Donald R. Osborne rescued John Rodgers and his crew, who had just failed to make the first crossing of the pacific from California to Hawaii, off the coast of Kauai.

R-4, ordered back to the Atlantic with Divisions 9 and 14 on 12 December 1930, transited the Panama Canal on 18 January 1931, and arrived on 9 February at New London. She was soon assigned to Division 4 and served as training ship for the next ten years on rotating duty between the New London Submarine School and the Yale University NROTC unit. An interesting incident took place during this assignment: according to one enlisted man (trainee), the submarine became stuck in the winter ice on the river and the trainees had to walk back to base. In 1940 and 1941, Lieutenant Glynn R. Donaho, a future vice admiral, was her commanding officer.

R-4 departed New London on 26 May 1941 for Key West, Florida, and patrol duty in the Florida Straits with Division 12. Back at New London for the first two weeks in July, she returned to Key West at midmonth and until March 1945 alternated duties for the Fleet Sonar School with patrols in the Florida Strait and the Yucatan Channel.

At Port Everglades, Florida, from 11 March to 15 April 1945, R-4 returned to Key West to prepare for inactivation. On 1 June she was withdrawn from active duty and on 4 June she got underway for Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Escorted by SC-1001 she arrived at Philadelphia on 8 June, decommissioned on 18 June and was struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 11 July. The following January, 1946, she was sold for scrap to the North American Smelting Company.

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