USS Racine (LST-1191)

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For other ships of the same name, see USS Racine.
USS Racine (LST-1191) portside bow view cropped.jpg
Career (US)
Name: USS Racine (LST-1191)
Namesake: Racine, Wisconsin
Ordered: 15 July 1966
Builder: National Steel & Shipbuilding Co.
Laid down: 13 December 1969
Launched: 15 August 1970
Acquired: 17 June 1971
Commissioned: 9 July 1971
Decommissioned: 2 October 1993
Fate: Inactive reserve, Pearl Harbor
General characteristics
Class and type: Newport class tank landing ship
Displacement: 5,190 long tons (5,273.3 t) (light),
8,792 long tons (8,933.1 t) (full)
Length: 522 ft (159.1 m) overall,
500 ft (152.4 m) at the waterline.
Beam: 70 ft (21.34 m)
Draft: 19 ft (5.79 m)
Propulsion: 6 diesel engines, 16,000 brake horsepower, two shafts, Twin Controllable Pitch Screws
Bow Thruster – Single Screw, Controllable Pitch,
Speed: 20+ knots (37+ km/h)
Capacity: 19,000 sq ft (1,765.2 m2), capacity of 29 tanks or 30 AAVs.
Troops: Marine detachment: 360 plus 40 surge
Complement: 14 officers, 210 enlisted
Armament: 4 three-inch/50 caliber guns in two twin-barrel mounts
1 × 20 mm Phalanx CIWS mounts.

The USS Racine (LST-1191) was the second ship to bear the name of the Wisconsin city. She was capable of a sustained speed of 20 knots (37 km/h). Her ability to adjust her draft, accompanied by her unique bow-ramp design, helped bring a new degree of responsiveness to the amphibious fleet.

History[edit]

Racine was laid down by the National Steel & Shipbuilding Co., San Diego, Calif., 13 December 1969; and launched 15 August 1970; sponsored by Mrs. Edwin B. Hooper, wife of Vice Admiral Edwin B. Hooper USN (Ret), Director of Naval History; Racine was placed in commission 9 July 1971, Commander Daniel W. Anderson in command.[1]

Racine remained at Long Beach, completing her fitting-out until 9 August, when she departed for San Diego. Racine underwent tests and participated in exercises off the west coast until 8 June 1972. At that time, she steamed out of San Diego for a South American cruise with a group of NROTC Midshipmen. She visited Valparaiso, Chile; Callao, Peru; and the Canal Zone, returning to San Diego 17 July. On 13 September, she embarked on a tour of duty with WestPac. She remained in the Far East, shuttling men and material between Vietnam and various American bases in the area, until 26 April 1973, when she weighed anchor for San Diego. Racine arrived at San Diego 17 May 1973.[1]

On 6 November 1979, Racine collided with Li Tung Sol, a small fishing vessel. No injuries were reported.[2]

Racine had five Western Pacific deployments in the first 10 years after her commissioning, including deployments during the Vietnam War. In January 1981, Racine was assigned to the Naval Reserve Force with 60% of the crew active duty and 40% of the crew reservists. After 15 January 1981, Racine was assigned to Surface Squadron One homeport of Long Beach, California.[3]

Fate[edit]

Racine was decommissioned on 2 October 1993 and, as of 2015, remained in inactive reserve at Pearl Harbor. In 2009, there was discussion of a possible sale of ex-Fresno and ex-Racine to Peru.[4] This plan has not materialized and ex-Fresno has since been sunk as a target. Ex-Racine was listed as "Reported to MARAD for scrap sale" as of January 2015 with disposal preparations completed 25 November 2013.[5]

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Racine II". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. 
  2. ^ "Racine - Naval Vessel Historical Evaluation" (PDF). NAVSEA Inactive ships. 21 October 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  3. ^ "USS Racine". U.S. Navy Cruise Books, 1918-2009 (ancestry.com). 1988. (subscription required (help)). 
  4. ^ "Peru - Refurbishment of two Newport Class Landing Ship Tanks" (PDF). 23 November 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 December 2009. 
  5. ^ "Inactive Ships inventory" (PDF). NAVSEA Inactive ships. 21 October 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Navy Unit Award website". Retrieved 31 January 2015. 

External links[edit]