USS Reeves (DLG-24)
USS Reeves (DLG-24)
|Name:||USS Reeves (DLG-24)|
|Namesake:||Joseph M. Reeves|
|Builder:||Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington|
|Laid down:||1 July 1960|
|Launched:||12 May 1962|
|Acquired:||14 August 1970|
|Commissioned:||15 May 1964|
|Decommissioned:||12 November 1993|
|Struck:||12 November 1993|
|Fate:||Sunk as target, 31 May 2001|
|Class & type:||Leahy class cruiser|
|Displacement:||4,650 tons (light)
5,670 tons (standard)
8,203 tons (full load)
|Length:||535 ft (163 m)|
|Beam:||53 ft (16 m)|
|Draft:||26 ft (7.9 m)|
|Propulsion:||2x Allis-Chalmers geared steam turbines; 85,000 shp; 2 shafts with 4x Foster-Wheeler 1,200 psi boilers|
|Speed:||32.7 kn (60.6 km/h)|
|Range:||8,000 nautical miles (15,000 km) at 20 knots (40 km/h), 1,800 tons of fuel|
|Complement:||413 (32 officers / 381 enlisted)|
|AN/SPS-48E 3D Air Search Radar (Bearing, range and height)
AN/SPS-49 2D Air Search Radar (Bearing and range)
AN/SPS-10F Surface Search radar
4x AN/SPG-55B missile fire control radars
CRP-2900 (Pathfinder) navigational radar
AN/SQQ-23 series bow-mounted sonar
|SLQ 32V Nixie towed torpedo decoy, 4x Mark 36 SRBOC chaff / flares|
|Armament:||2x Mk 10 Mod 5 missile launchers, one forward and one aft, for RIM-2 Terrier/RIM-67 Standard ER missiles. (88 Terriers in two magazines)
8x RGM-84A Harpoon missiles in two Mk 141 quad launchers
8x Anti-Submarine Rocket (ASROC) launcher in a Mk 16 Mod 7 box launcher
6x Mk 46 torpedo in two Mk 32 12.75" triple tube launchers
2 × 20 mm/76 Mk 15 Vulcan Phalanx 6-barreled CIWS
2x twin 3" 76 mm 50 cal anti-aircraft gun mounts
2 × 40 mm saluting guns (fitted)
|Aircraft carried:||Helicopter landing area aft for VERTREPS with limited support facilities; no hangar|
USS Reeves (DLG/CG-24), a United States Navy ship named for Admiral Joseph Mason Reeves (Commander-in-Chief of the US Fleet, 1934–1936), was a Leahy-class cruiser built by the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, in Bremerton, Washington.
Reeves began her history as a Leahy-class destroyer leader (DLG-24) when her keel was laid down on 1 July 1960. She was launched on 12 May 1962 and commissioned on 15 May 1964. Mrs. Joseph M. Reeves, Jr., daughter-in-law of Vice Adm. Reeves, was the ship's sponsor.
Reeves was later reclassified as a guided missile cruiser (CG-24) on 30 June 1975. On 12 November 1993, Reeves was decommissioned and stricken from the Navy Register at Pearl Harbor Naval Base. Reeves remained in mothballs until she was sunk as a target ship on 31 May 2001.
Reeves Operational History
Following an extended trial and shakedown period, Reeves was homeported at Long Beach where she underwent availability and further training. On 10 April 1965, she departed for her first tour with the 7th Fleet in the western Pacific (WESTPAC). Deployed for just over six months, she operated primarily in support of Allied operations off the coast of the Republic of Vietnam, serving as an anti-aircraft warfare (AAW) picket, first with TG 77.3 built around aircraft carrier USS Oriskany (CVA-34), then with TG 77.6 centered on aircraft carrier USS Midway (CVA-41). Returning to Long Beach on 3 November 1965, she conducted local operations for the remainder of the year and into 1966. On 26 May 1966, she got underway for Japan and a two-year nonrotated tour with the 7th Fleet. Arriving at her new homeport of Yokosuka on 16 June, she departed shortly thereafter and on 7 July and anchored at Da Nang, R.V.N. to begin another tour off the embattled coast. For the next two years, she regularly sailed south from Japan for combat air-sea rescue (CSAR) tours off Vietnam, compiling a total of 493 days underway, 312 of which were spent in the Gulf of Tonkin.
Reeves rotated back to the United States in August 1968 and operated out of Long Beach for the remainder of the year, participating in local operations, as well testing and evaluating radar systems. In early 1969, Reeves was ordered to Maine for overhaul and modernization at Bath Iron Works. Arriving on 31 March, she was placed out of commission (special) on 10 April and the extensive modification work began. Reeves left Bath in April of 1970, proceeding down the Atlantic coast, stopping in Kingston, Jamaica for liberty, then on to the Panama Canal. After transit of the Canal, she stopped in Acapulco for 4 days of the greatest liberty ever. Long Beach was a short stop before proceeding to her new Homeport in Honolulu.
Reeves was recommissioned 29 August 1970 at Bath. She spent the period from 10 September – 19 November making the passage from Bath to her new home port at Pearl Harbor. The uncommonly long duration of the passage was due to frequent stops along the way at various ports for additional work to be done and by a three-week refresher training (REFTRA) period in the vicinity of Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. After arriving at Pearl Harbor, Reeves engaged in numerous exercises and operations in the waters around Hawaii.
June 1971 found Reeves steaming westward for another deployment in the Gulf of Tonkin. Reeves returned to Pearl Harbor on 20 December 1971 and remained in the Hawaii and west coast areas until September 1972 where she participated in various operations and exercises, notably a Midshipman cruise in July. She departed Hawaii on 18 September, headed for her second WESTPAC deployment since recommissioning, arriving at Subic Bay Naval Base, Philippine Islands 14 days later. After six months in the western Pacific, stationed off the coast of Vietnam, Reeves sailed into port at Pearl Harbor on 17 March 1973. She remained in the Hawaiian Islands into 1980. She was reclassified a guided missile cruiser (CG-24), on 30 June 1975. The Reeves, after a period of dry-dock and training exercises in the mid-Pacific from after October 1977, deployed to the Strait of Hormuz in late January 1980 as a response to the embassy hostage situation with Iran of November the year prior. Reeves earned three battle stars for Vietnam service.
During most of the 1980s, Reeves was forward deployed to the WESTPAC and homeported in Yokosuka. During that time, she served as the AAW picket for Battle Group Alpha centered around Midway (CV-41). Her nickname during that time was, "the Only Cruiser in Town".
In March 1986, she participated in a Team Spirit exercise off the coast of the Republic of Korea. Later that year, Reeves conducted REFTRA in the Philippines which was quickly followed her involvement in special operations (SPECOPS). SPECOPS consisted of conducting surveillance operations on the Soviet aircraft carrier Minsk off the coast of Vladivostok, which was home to the Soviet Pacific Fleet. During this operation, Reeves blasted either the Bruce Springsteen song "Born in the U.S.A." or Jefferson Starship's "Layin' It on the Line" over the ship's 1MC when in the proximity of Soviet naval vessels.
On 5 November 1986, Reeves led the USS Rentz (FFG-46) and USS Oldendorf (DD-972) into the harbor of Qingdao (Tsing Tao), the People's Republic of China (PRC) for a historic six-day port visit. This would be the first time that U.S. Navy vessels had moored in China since the repair ship USS Dixie (AD-14) departed in 1949 in the face of the communist advance which forced the evacuation of Americans from China. The visit was hosted by soldiers and sailors of the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN).
During the port call hundreds of Navy men took advantage of several tours, arranged by their Chinese hosts, that included stops at Qingdao’s carpet, embroidery, jade and shell factories. Others made it a point to sample the beer at the city’s world-renowned Tsingtao brewery. A fortunate few were able to leave the port city on tours to Qufu, birthplace of Confucius, the capital city of Beijing, the Forbidden City, and the Great Wall of China.
The port visit was important because it provided visible evidence of growing Sino-American cooperation. Adm. James Lyons, commander of the United States Pacific Fleet, was embarked in Reeves during the visit. Shortly after arriving in Qingdao, he said there are "three pillars" in the US-China military relationship; high level visits, military exchanges and a limited amount of military technology cooperation. "I see this port visit as strengthening all three pillars," he said.
Throughout their stay, the crews of the visiting ships held lectures and discussion sessions on Navy shipboard organization, management, training, propulsion, logistics and weapons systems for their Chinese hosts. At the time such navy-to-navy orientations were conducted with many countries. However, this was the Navy’s first opportunity for such an exchange with China.
During May 1987, Reeves found herself involved with yet another Team Spirit exercise. Reeves was deployed to the Persian Gulf from July to December 1987 where she participated in the first of nine Operation Earnest Will tanker reflagging operations beginning on 23 July. Her primary duty was to escort commercial vessels through the Strait of Hormuz. In March 1988 she was involved again with the Team Spirit exercises.
On 26 June 1989, Reeves and USS Fife (DD-991) rescued 92 Vietnamese refugees in the South China Sea, about 320 miles (510 km) southwest of the Philippines. The refugees were pulled from their sinking vessel and provided with medical assistance and other care before being delivered to a United Nations refugee organization in Thailand a week later.
On 30 October 1989 an F/A-18 Hornet aircraft from the USS Midway mistakenly dropped a 500 pound general-purpose bomb on the deck of Reeves during training exercises in the Indian Ocean, creating a five-foot hole in the bow through the line locker one compartment forward of the fore missile house, sparking small fires, sending shrapnel back to the fantail and injuring five sailors. Reeves was 32 miles (51 km) south of Diego Garcia at the time of the incident.
Fate of Reeves
Reeves was decommissioned on 12 November 1993, stored at the Naval Inactive Ship Maintenance Facility (NISMF), Pearl Harbor. She was ultimately used as a target ship on 31 May 2001 during a sink exercise (SINKEX) off the coast of Queensland, Australia during a joint U.S. and Australian naval exercise. Her final resting place is where she lies at a depth of 2,541 fathoms (4,647 m). Following are two press releases issued in conjunction with the sinking of Reeves.
- Combat Action Ribbon
- Navy Unit Commendation
- Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation
- Battle E
- Navy Expeditionary Medal
- National Defense Service Medal
- Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal
- Vietnam Service Medal
- Humanitarian Services Medal
- Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal
Reclassification of Reeves from DLG to CG
In 1975, the "double-end" Leahy-class guided missile destroyer leaders (DLG) were reclassified as guide missile cruisers (CG), as were other similar ships. The class was given an AAW upgrade during the late-1960s and early 1970s, with Terrier launchers modified to fire Terrier or Standard SM-1ER missiles. The 3"/50 guns were replaced by Harpoon missile launcher, the Terrier launchers were upgraded to fire the Standard SM-2ER missile, and 2 Phalanx CIWS were added. All were upgraded under the late-1980s New Threat Upgrade (NTU) program, which included combat system capability improvements to the ship's Air Search Radars (AN/SPS-48E and AN/SPS-49), Fire Control Radars (AN/SPG-55B), and Combat Direction System (CDS). These improvements provided an accurate means of coordinating the engagement of multiple air targets with SM-2 Extended Range missiles. During the NTU overhaul, all spaces were renovated, berthing and food service areas were refurbished, and the engineering plant was fully overhauled.
- Combat Information Processing
- Naval Tactical Data System (NTDS)
- OE-82 satellite communication antenna
- SSR-1 receiver
- 3x WSC-3 transceivers
- Fire Control
- SAM 4x Mk 76 Terrier FCS
- ASW Mk 114
- Weapons Direction System
- Mk 14 WDS
Role of Reeves
Modern guided missile cruisers, such as Reeves, performed primarily in a Battle Force role. These ships were multi-mission (AAW – anti-air warfare, ASW – anti-surface warfare, ASUW – anti-submarine warfare) surface combatants capable of supporting carrier or battleship battle groups, amphibious forces, or of operating independently and as flagships of surface action groups. Due to their extensive combat capability, these ships were designated as Battle Force Capable (BFC) units.
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (March 2008)|
- Thomas Wildenberg, All the Factors of Victory (Brassey's, 2003
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.
- DANFS entry on USS Reeves
- GlobalSecurity.org entry on Leahy-class cruisers
- GlobalSecurity.org entry on USS Reeves
- Jane's Fighting Ships entries on Leahy-class cruisers
- Naval Vessel Register entry on USS Reeves
- NavSource Online entry on USS Reeves
- Warfighter's Encyclopedia entry on Surface Ships — Cruisers
- All Hands reports on USS Reeves Qingdao port visit (Downloads as a PDF)
- Australian Navy news release on USS Reeves HULKEX
- Fire When Ready — USS Reeves and urinals
- The Guardian reports on USS Reeves HULKEX
- I Remember Carmen
- Unofficial U.S. Navy website entry on USS Reeves
- USS Reeves Homepage
- USS Reeves Association Homepage
- USS Reeves Model by Jamie Campbell — I
- USS Reeves Model by Jamie Campbell — II
- USS Reeves Zippo lighter