USS Shasta (AE-33)
USS Shasta in 1974
|Name:||USS Shasta (AE-33)|
|Awarded:||8 March 1968|
|Laid down:||10 November 1969|
|Launched:||3 April 1971|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. Ralph W. Cousins|
|Commissioned:||4 February 1972|
|Decommissioned:||1 October 1997|
|In service:||with Military Sealift Command 1 October 1997|
|Out of service:||29 April 2011, Pearl Harbor|
|Homeport:||Naval Weapons Station, Concord, California|
|Motto:||"We serve anytime, anywhere;" "It has to be Shasta"|
|Fate:||Scrapped, Brownsville, Texas, 2013-2014|
|Class and type:||Kilauea-class ammunition ship|
|Displacement:||10,417 long tons (10,584 t) light
18,088 long tons (18,378 t) full load
|Length:||564 ft (172 m)|
|Beam:||81 ft (25 m)|
|Draft:||27 ft (8.2 m)|
|Propulsion:||3 × boilers
|Speed:||20 knots (37 km/h)|
|Armament:||2 × 3″50 twin mounts
12 × .50 cals
2 × CIWS
|Aircraft carried:||2 × CH-46 Sea Knight helicopters|
USS Shasta (AE-33) was a Kilauea-class replenishment ammunition ship of the United States Navy. She was named after Mount Shasta, a volcano in the Cascade Range in Northern California, USA. Shasta 's mission was to support forward deployed aircraft carrier battle groups, which she accomplished through underway replenishment (known as "unrep") and vertical replenishment (known as "vertrep"). Shasta and her crew honorably served their country in this role in war and peace across three decades, from Vietnam, to the Cold War, to the Iran-Iraq War, to Operation Desert Storm, and numerous other actions.
To accomplish her underway replenishment mission, Shasta utilized seven underway replenishment stations utilizing the Standard Tensioned Replenishment Alongside Method (STREAM), and utilized four cargo booms to load and unload cargo. To accomplish her vertical replenishment mission, Shasta embarked two CH-46 Sea Knight helicopters together with their air and maintenance crews; Shasta 's ship's company ran the flight deck and tower. Shasta 's Deck Department was among the best in the United States Pacific Fleet.
- 1 Construction and commissioning
- 2 1970s
- 3 1980s
- 3.1 Armament
- 3.2 1985 Deployment to Western Pacific and Middle East
- 3.3 Carl Vinson download
- 3.4 1987 Deployment to Western Pacific and Middle East
- 3.5 Drug interdiction operations
- 3.6 1989 Deployment to Bering Sea and Western Pacific
- 3.7 Shipyards
- 3.8 Homeport
- 3.9 Blessing of the Fleet & Community Involvement
- 4 1990's
- 5 Transfer to Military Sealift Command
- 6 Decommissioning and fate
- 7 Leadership
- 8 Awards and commendations
- 9 In Popular Culture
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Construction and commissioning
Shasta 's keel was laid down 10 November 1969 at the Ingalls shipyard in Pascagoula, Mississippi, sponsored by Mrs. Ralph W. Cousins, wife of the Vice Chief of Naval Operations. She was launched on 3 April 1971. Upon completion, the builder took her to Charleston, South Carolina and delivered her to the Navy. Shasta was commissioned in Charleston on 4 February 1972, with Captain Warren C. Graham, Jr., in command.
One of Shasta 's innovations was a covered main deck, which allowed for protected cargo handling operations, and fork truck use from the flight deck to the forward holds and unrep stations.
After fitting out, the newly commissioned Shasta departed Charleston on 22 May 1972 for her shakedown cruise and training at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. After completing shakedown and training on 10 June, she headed for the Pacific, where her new homeport was to be the Naval Weapons Station in Concord, California. Along the way, she made port visits to Kingston, Jamaica; Cartagena, Colombia; Panama City, Canal Zone; and Acapulco, Mexico. She passed through the Panama Canal and finally arrived in Concord on 3 July.
After arrival in Concord, she underwent ship’s qualification trials and final contract trials. Upon completion of trials and preparations for deployment, Shasta departed Concord to join the 7th Fleet in the western Pacific (WestPac in US Navy terminology) on 3 January 1973 in support of operations off Vietnam.
Shasta 's armament was upgraded during the Cold War to include chaff and two Vulcan Phalanx CIWS 20MM Gatling gun close-in weapon systems for missile defense and AN/SLQ-25 Nixie for anti-torpedo defense. During the 1980s Shasta conducted many Cold War operations, and many operations related to United States interests in the Iran-Iraq War.
1985 Deployment to Western Pacific and Middle East
Shasta deployed to the Western Pacific and Indian Oceans in 1985 under the command of Commander Barry N. Kaye to support United States interests in the Iran-Iraq War. Shasta deployed as part of the Ranger (CV-61) battle group. Shasta supported the Ranger battle group in the North Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman off the entrance to the Strait of Hormuz. The ship and her crew made port calls at Mombasa, Kenya, Subic Bay Naval Base, and Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, and conducted airhead operations at al-Masirah, Oman. The crew earned the Sea Service Deployment Ribbon for its service on the deployment.
Carl Vinson download
In February 1986, Shasta conducted download operations with the Carl Vinson (CVN-70) battle group in the Gulf of Alaska. Shasta conducted these operations during a major winter storm in the Gulf of Alaska.
1987 Deployment to Western Pacific and Middle East
Shasta deployed to the Western Pacific and Indian Oceans in 1987, including three months in the North Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in support of Operation Earnest Will, with Battle Group Echo, formed around the Ranger (CV-61), and the Missouri (BB-63) surface action group under the command of Joint Task Force Middle East (now United States Naval Forces Central Command). This included three months on station off the coast of Iran and the Hormuz Strait with the Task Force in Gonzo Station. Other ships in this combined task force included Long Beach (CGN-9), Bunker Hill (CG-52), Gridley (DLG-21), John Young (DD-973), Leftwich (DD-984), Buchanan (DDG-14), Hoel (DDG-13), Robert E. Peary (FF-1073), Harold E. Holt (FF-1074), Curts (FFG-38), Wichita (AOR-1), Kansas City (AOR-3), and USNS Hassayampa.
During the deployment Shasta conducted many airhead operations at al-Masirah, Oman. During its time on station, Shasta sortied to rearm destroyers in support of Operation Nimble Archer. Also during this deployment, Shasta made port visits at Lualualei in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii; Subic Bay, Luzon, Philippines (two); Singapore; Diego Garcia, British Indian Ocean Territories; Pattaya, Thailand; and Hong Kong. Shasta was also involved in Cold War operations during the deployment, and had frequent contact with Soviet vessels and aircraft. Shasta transited the Northern, Eastern and Western Pacific Ocean the San Bernardino Strait; the South China Sea; the Straits of Malacca; the Bay of Bengal; the Singapore Strait; the northern and southern Indian Ocean; the Gulf of Thailand; the Philippine Sea; the North Arabian Sea; the Gulf of Oman; and into the mouth of the Strait of Hormuz. Shasta 's crew was awarded the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal and the Sea Service Deployment Ribbon for their service on this deployment. During the deployment, en route from Thailand to Hong Kong, Shasta sailed through a super typhoon in the South China Sea, sustaining damage, but never reducing her operational capacity. During this deployment, Shasta steamed 44,633 nautical miles, and at one point spent 79 consecutive days at sea on station off the coast of Iran, most at condition III (wartime steaming). Shasta crossed the Equator in the Indian Ocean en route to Diego Garcia and held a line-crossing ceremony and initiated the shellbacks into the solemn mysteries of the Ancient Order of the Deep.
Drug interdiction operations
1989 Deployment to Bering Sea and Western Pacific
In 1989, under the command of Commander Daniel A. Gabe, Shasta deployed independently to the Gulf of Alaska, Aleutian Islands, and Bering Sea during Pacex 89 as a show of force to the Soviet Union during the Cold War. While operating independently during Pacex, Shasta conducted operations in conjunction with several aircraft carrier and battleship task forces, including operations with the New Jersey (BB-62). Thereafter, Shasta deployed independently to the Western Pacific, South China Sea, East China Sea and Philippine Sea for logistics operations in Eastern Asia, all for Cold War operations. During this deployment, Shasta conducted airhead operations at Cold Bay, Alaska and King Cove, Alaska (both on the Alaskan Peninsula), and Amchitka, Alaska (in the Rat Islands of the Aleutian Chain). Shasta transited the San Bernardino Strait, Amchitka Pass, Unimak Pass, and the Andreanof Islands. Shasta made port calls at Guam; Subic Bay, Luzon, Philippines; Hong Kong; Okinawa; Sasebo, Japan; Yokosuka, Japan; and Pearl Harbor. When Shasta arrived in Hong Kong, the crew learned that the Berlin Wall had fallen, one of the final episodes of the Cold War. Shasta maneuvered through a major winter storm during its transit of the Bering Sea, and engaged in typhoon evasion in the Philippine Sea, San Bernardino Strait and South China Sea; Luzon sustained significant damage from the typhoon.
Shasta 's crew received a Meritorious Unit Commendation and Sea Service Deployment Ribbon for their service on this deployment. While Shasta was deployed, its home port, the San Francisco Bay Area was hit by the Loma Prieta Earthquake, which affected the families of many crew members. The face of the city to which the crew returned had changed considerably. The deployment was notable for many reasons, but most prominently, Shasta embarked three remarkable female officers as part of ship's company: Ops Boss (Operations Officer and Operations Department Head) Lieutenant Pam Markiewicz, who later commanded Carter Hall (LSD-50) and Peleliu (LHA-5); Supply Department Head (SUPPO or Supply Officer) Lieutenant Marion Eggenberger, who rose to the rank of Captain in the Navy Supply Corps; and A Gang Division Officer Kristi Sidebottom. They were prominent reasons for the success of Shasta 's deployment.
Shasta underwent major overhauls on the San Francisco waterfront in 1986 and 1988, including several months in dry dock in 1988.
Shasta 's home port was Concord Naval Weapons Station, on the Suisun Bay in the Sacramento River. However, Shasta spent much of its inport time at Mare Island Naval Shipyard on the Napa River in Vallejo, California; Naval Air Station Alameda in Alameda, California on the South San Francisco Bay; and Naval Supply Center, Oakland and Oakland Army Base, both in Oakland, California also on the South San Francisco Bay. Shasta also spent several months every two years at various shipyards on the south San Francisco waterfront. This situation of going to sea from one port and returning to another led to many logistical difficulties for the ship's crew.
Blessing of the Fleet & Community Involvement
Shasta had a special relationship with the Benicia Yacht Club, in Benicia, California, and participated in many of its Blessing of the Fleet ceremonies in the Carquinez Strait of the Sacramento River, leading to many memorable festivities. Shasta also participated in Fleet Week in San Francisco Bay.
Shasta's crew participated in community events in Shasta, California, her namesake city and near her namesake Mount Shasta, and extinct volcano in Northern California, including Shasta's honor guard marching in holiday parades.
In early 1990, Shasta underwent a major shipyard overhaul on the San Francisco waterfront, and conducted sea trials in May 1990. Among other upgrades, the berthing compartments were upgraded to accommodate approximately 45 enlisted women.
Operation Desert Storm - First Iraq War
In 1991 Shasta deployed in support of Operations Desert Storm and Desert Shield.
Transfer to Military Sealift Command
Shasta was decommissioned on 1 October 1997 as a "United States Ship" and transferred to the Fleet Auxiliary Force of the Military Sealift Command (MSC) as a "United States Naval Ship". On the same day, her hull number was changed and she became USNS Shasta (T-AE-33). Shasta served in the Pacific and Indian Oceans for MSC.
Decommissioning and fate
Shasta was inactivated on 21 April 2011 and transferred the reserve fleet, resting in reserve in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
In 2013, Shasta was towed from Pearl Harbor to Brownsville, Texas, where, as of November 2013, she was in preparation to be scrapped.
The Navy donated Shasta 's anchor to the city of Crowley, Texas. In April 2014, Shasta 's anchor was placed in Crowley's Veterans Plaza. Crowley's veterans and citizens have established a great relationship with Shasta 's veterans.
Commanders of Shasta:
- Captain Warren C. Graham, Jr. (commissioning, 26 February 1972 - 7 December 1973)
- Commander Lawrence Everett Masten (7 December 1973 – 29 December 1975)
- Commander James Runnells Kight (29 December 1975 – 20 December 1977)
- Commander Roy Joe Rice (20 December 1977 – 8 November 1979)
- Commander Edward Louis Therrien (8 November 1979 – 16 October 1981)
- Commander John Lowell Kipp (16 October 1981 – 18 November 1983)
- Commander Barry N. Kaye (1984–1986)
- Commander Jeffrey A. Finley (1986–1988)
- Commander Daniel E. Gabe (1988–1991)
- Commander James Douglas Harris (5 February 1991 – 16 October 1992)
- Commander Joe N. Stafford (16 October 1992 – 14 October 1994)
- Commander Norman G. Laws, Jr., (14 October 1994 – 8 March 1996)
- Commander Carol M. Pottenger (8 March 1996 – 1 August 1997)
- Commander Stephen Holl (May 1981 - Dec 1982)
- Lieutenant Commander Tom Krupp (Dec 1982 - 1984)
- Commander Tom Coward (1986)
- Lieutenant Commander John Januzzi (1986-1988)
- Lieutenant Commander Jeff Jupena (1988-1989)
- Lieutenant Commander Hank Baltar (1989-1991)
- Rear Admiral Frank A. Morneau, Commander, Navy Expeditionary Combat Command (Second Division Officer on Shasta)
- Vice Admiral Carol M. Pottenger. Formerly Commander Amphibious Force 7th Fleet/Expeditionary Strike Group Seven; formerly Commander Navy Expeditionary Combat Command; currently Deputy Chief of Staff, Supreme Allied Commander Transformation, Norfolk, Virginia.
- Captain Pamela Markiewicz, Commanding Officer USS Carter Hall (LSD-50) and USS Peleliu (LHA-5) (Ops Boss on Shasta)
- Captain Jesús V. Cantú, Formerly MSCFE Deputy Commander / COMLOGWESTPAC N4, formerly CTF-53 Deputy Commander, formerly Commander 7th Fleet N4 (Disbursing/Sales Officer on "Shasta")
- Chief Boatswain Mate Larry Brown (retired), Navy light heavyweight boxing champion (Leading Chief Petty Officer in Second Division on Shasta)
- Captain Chris D. Meyer, CVN 78 Class Program Manager, PMS 378, Program Executive Office, Aircraft Carriers; former Commander, Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC) Carderock. Meyer has been instrumental of the development of many new aircraft carrier systems, and in particular those for the Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78). Captain Meyer was Damage Control Assistant ("DCA") and A Gang officer while on Shasta during the late 1980s, and during her 1987 deployment to the Western Pacific and Middle East.
- Captain Lance Snider, USNR, Commanding Officer of NR ESG 3; Managing Director, Staffing Plus (Damage Control Assistant ("DCA") while on Shasta).
- Mark Baker, saxophonist from Memphis (operations specialist in OI Division/Combat Information Center while on Shasta)
- Captain Marion Eggenberger, Acquisition Logistics Branch Chief OPNAV N41 (Supply Officer while on Shasta)
- John W. Leo, Ph.D., is a director at The Regence Group in Washington State, and a member of the American Society of Actuaries. John was M Division Officer on Shasta during the late 1980s, and during her 1987 deployment to the Western Pacific and Middle East.
- Commander Robert Clarke was Commander Navy Installations Command in the Base Realignment and Closure ("BRAC") program in the Navy's Civil Engineer Corps. Since his retirement, Commander Clarke remains active in the BRAC field, serving in a civilian capacity as Global Re-basing & Restructuring Programs Branch Head for US Army Europe. Commander Clarke served as Combat Information Center Officer ("CICO"), and Replenishment at Sea Equipment ("RASE") Division Officer while on Shasta, during the late 1980s, and during her 1987 deployment to the Western Pacific and Middle East.
- Mark Zimmerman has been a Lutheran minister and youth leader in Wisconsin. Zimmerman has also been active in taking a leadership role in organizing Shasta's veterans. Zimmerman was a boatswain mate in Deck Department on Shasta during the late 1980s and early 1990s.
- Lieutenant Keith D. Williams. LT Williams was disbursing officer on Shasta. Prior to his naval career, he was a staff sergeant in the United States Air Force, and then played football for Ohio University. After his naval career, LT Williams was chief financial officer of Data Communications Equipment in Columbus, Ohio, and then a senior manager with the State of Ohio's Department of Developmental Disabilities.
Awards and commendations
Shasta received the following awards:
- Vietnam Service Medal
- Sea Service Deployment Ribbon: 1985, 1987, 1989, 1991
- Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal (3): 1987 (Operation Earnest Will)
- Meritorious Unit Commendation: 1989
- Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation (4)
- Navy E Ribbon (2)
- Navy Expeditionary Medal (2-Iran/Indian Ocean)
- National Defense Service Medal (2): Vietnam, Desert Storm/Desert Shield
- Southwest Asia Service Medal
- Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
- Humanitarian Service Medal (4)
- Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait)
In Popular Culture
- Shasta figured prominently in Tom Clancy's 1989 novel Clear and Present Danger. In the novel, Shasta delivered the weapons that were dropped on a meeting of Columbian drug lords.
- "CONREP Standard Tensioned Replenishment Alongside Method (STREAM)". globalsecurity.org. 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- For further reading on Operation Earnest Will, see: Wise, Harold Lee (2007). Inside the Danger Zone: The U.S. Military in the Persian Gulf 1987–88. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-970-3.
- "Deployments of USS Ranger (CV 61)". Navysite.de. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "USS Peleliu (LHA 5) history". US Carriers.net. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "Capt. Marion A. Eggenberger". Navy Supply Corps Newsletter. 1 November 2008. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- Evans, Terry (28 March 2014). "Crowley’s Veterans Plaza gets showpiece: anchor from decommissioned Navy ship". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "USNS Shasta (T-AE-33) : Commanding Officers". NavSource Online. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- USS Shasta Westpac 82/83 Cruise Book)
- USS Shasta Westpac 82/83 Cruise Book)
- Petty, Dan (19 November 2014). "Rear Admiral Frank A. Morneau". Navy.mil. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- USS Shasta Westpac 82/83 Cruise Book)
- "Carderock Division, Naval Surface Warfare Center". Maryland Department of Business and Economic Development. 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "U.S. Navy scraps urinals to make war ships gender-neutral". Daily Mail Online. 13 July 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "Mark's Story". markbakersax.com. 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "USNS Shasta (T-AE-33), ex-USS Shasta (AE-33) (1972-1997)". NavSource Online. 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- Clancy, Tom, Clear and Present Danger (1989). https://books.google.com/books?id=59i0Epdoe5wC&pg=PA325&lpg=PA325&dq=uss+shasta+clear+and+present+danger+tom+clancy&source=bl&ots=qrjNmO2D4p&sig=eBpyaVzW1sQegVmHF-HvYDh1Y5E&hl=en&sa=X&ei=eAE3VbGeF_LasATnzIHAAw&ved=0CCYQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=uss%20shasta%20clear%20and%20present%20danger%20tom%20clancy&f=false
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain. The entry can be found here.
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