USS Theodore Roosevelt (ID-1478)
SS Theodore Roosevelt on the Great Lakes sometime between 1906 and 1918, prior to her U.S. Navy service.
|Name:||USS Theodore Roosevelt|
|Namesake:||President Theodore Roosevelt (1858–1919) (previous name retained)|
|Builder:||Toledo Shipbuilding Company|
|Fate:||Sold 1 July 1919|
|Notes:||Served as commercial passenger ship SS Theodore Roosevelt 1906–1918 and 1919–1945; scrapped 1950|
|Displacement:||1,955 long tons (1,986 t)|
|Length:||287 ft (87 m)|
|Beam:||40 ft (12 m)|
|Draft:||12 ft 6 in (3.81 m)|
|Speed:||20.8 knots (38.5 km/h; 23.9 mph)|
Construction, acquisition, and commissioning 
SS Theodore Roosevelt was a passenger steamer built in 1906 at Toledo, Ohio, by the Toledo Shipbuilding Company, and operated commercially on Lake Michigan. Ordered taken over by the U.S. Navy on 6 April 1918 for World War I service as a troop stransport, she was acquired by the United States Navy from the Roosevelt Steamship Company sometime in the spring of 1918, assigned Identification Number (Id. No.) 1478, and fitted out as a troop transport during the summer and fall of 1918. Though some sources suggest that Theodore Roosevelt served in a non-commissioned capacity in the Navy, the fact that the 1919 Navy Directory lists Lieutenant Harry D. Irwin, USNRF, as "...comdg U.S.S. Roosevelt..." is a strong indication that she was in fact commissioned as USS Theodore Roosevelt (ID-1478) during 1918.
By 1 November 1918, Theodore Roosevelt was assigned to duty as a transport carrying troops back and forth across the English Channel between the United Kingdom and France. She continued that duty at least until 1 April 1919 and probably returned to the United States sometime in April or May.
Decommissioning and disposal 
As of 1 June 1919, Theodore Roosevelt was at New York awaiting disposition. On 1 July 1919, she was sold to the Cleveland Steamship Company and her name was struck from the Naval Vessel Register the same day.
Later career 
Once again SS Theodore Roosevelt, she resumed her commercial career as a passenger ship on the Great Lakes, operating on Lake Erie. In 1926, she was sold to the Maritime Securities Company of Manitowoc, Wisconsin, and underwent modifications. In 1927, she was sold to the Chicago Roosevelt Steamship Company of Duluth, Minnesota. As a result of either the 1926 or 1927 sale, she moved back to Lake Michigan. Later in her career she also operated in the Detroit, Michigan, area, and perhaps elsewhere in the Great Lakes. She was sold again to T.J. McGuire of Duluth,
Theodore Roosevelt appears to have been laid up sometime around 1945. She was sold in 1946 to the Cleveland and Cedar Point Steamship Company of Duluth, the again in 1947 to the Cleveland and Buffalo Steamship Company of Cleveland. She finally was sold for scrapping in 1950 to the Cream City Lumber and Wrecking Company of Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
- Unfortunately, the reference to this sale at NavSource Online (at http://www.navsource.org/archives/12/171478.htm) states its year as "1925", a clear typographical error which cannot be corrected from its context or by any other source.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- "Theodore Roosevelt". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Retrieved 18 March 2007.
- Department of the Navy Navy History and Heritage Command Online Library of Selected Images: Civilian Ships: Theodore Roosevelt (American Great Lakes Passenger Steamship, 1906). Served as USS Theodore Roosevelt (ID # 1478) in 1918–1919
- NavSource Online: Section Patrol Craft Photo Archive: Theodore Roosevelt (ID 1478)