USS Trumbull (1800)

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For other ships of the same name, see USS Trumbull.
Career (United States)
Name: USS Trumbull
Laid down: 1799
Launched: 1800
Commissioned: March, 1800
Fate: Sold, 1801
General characteristics
Type: Sloop-of-war
Displacement: 400 long tons (406 t)
Propulsion: Sails
Complement: 220 officers and enlisted
Armament: 18 × 12-pounder guns

USS Trumbull, the third US Navy ship to bear the name, was an 18-gun sloop-of-war that took part of the so-called Quasi-War between the United States and France, between 1800 and 1801.

Construction[edit]

US Congress authorized the construction of naval ships and expansion of the US Navy in response to large losses of merchant ships to French privateers throughout the Atlantic coasts. On 30 March 1799, Benjamin Stoddert ordered Howland & Allyn Naval Agency from New London, Connecticut, the construction of a 360-ton ship with no more than 18 guns, but big enough to carry supplies for 6-months of sailing and a crew of 120 men.[1] The Trumbull was launched in Norwich, on the morning of 26 November of that same year.

Service history[edit]

Following fitting out, it departed New London in March 1800 under the command of Master Commandant David Jewett. Its first mission was to escort the provisions ship Charlotte from New York to the West Indies, replenishing the American Squadron operating against the French.

Trumbull joined the American Squadron commanded by Silas Talbot[2] in the USS Constitution. Trumbull's main duties in the area were protection of American shipping and the interception of French privateers and merchantmen.

In early May 1800, the armed French schooner Peggie was captured. On 3 August, while off Jeremie in Saint-Domingue (future Haiti), Captain David Jewett on the Trumbull captured the French schooner Vengeance, armed with eight or ten guns (not, as is sometimes found, the 38-gun frigate Vengeance that tangled with the USS Constitution and was later taken into the Royal Navy).[3] The ship was fleeing Saint-Domingue with 130 people aboard, crew and refugees together. The refugees were mostly gens de couleur libres (also known as mulattos) escaping the forces of Toussaint Louverture who had defeated André Rigaud's army in the War of Knives. Talbot ordered Jewett home with Trumbull and Vengeance as a prize. Both ships arrived at New London late that summer. For a little less than a year, those aboard the Vengeance were stationed in Norwich, Connecticut as prisoners of war, and among them was Jean Pierre Boyer, future president of Haiti.[4] The Vengeance was later condemned as a national vessel and was returned to France under the treaty soon afterwards concluded with that country.[5]

Trumbull then returned to patrol off Santo Domingo, before later transporting Navy Agent Thomas T. Gantt to St. Kitts to relieve Thomas Clarkson. Following the end of hostilities with France as a result of the Treaty of Mortefontaine, Trumbull returned to the United States in the spring of 1801, was sold later that year and her crew discharged.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gerding, Eduardo Cesar (2006). La Saga de David Jewett. Instituto de Publicaciones Navales. p. 41. ISBN 950-899-070-8. 
  2. ^ Silas Talbot Collection (Coll. 18)
  3. ^ DANFS
  4. ^ Manwaring Caulkins, Frances (1874). History of Norwich, Connecticut: From Its Possession by the Indians to the Year 1866. Hartford, CT: H.P. Haven. pp. 525–526. 
  5. ^ Allen, 1909 p.190

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Allen, By Gardner Weld (1909). Our naval war with France.
    Houghton Mifflin, Boston, New york. p. 323. OCLC 197401914.
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