USS Bass (SS-164)
|Career (United States)|
|Builder:||Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, Maine|
|Laid down:||20 October 1921|
|Launched:||27 December 1924|
|Commissioned:||26 September 1925|
|Decommissioned:||9 June 1937|
|Commissioned:||5 September 1940|
|Decommissioned:||3 March 1945|
|Struck:||10 March 1945|
|Fate:||Scuttled as a sonar target off Block Island, 12 March 1945|
|Class & type:||V-1 (Barracuda)-class composite direct-drive diesel and diesel-electric submarine|
|Displacement:||2,119 tons (2,153 t) surfaced, 2,506 tons (2,546 t) submerged|
|Length:||326 ft (99 m) (waterline), 341 ft 6 in (104.09 m) (overall)|
|Beam:||27 ft 6⅝ in (9.4 m)|
|Draft:||15 ft 2 in (4.62 m)|
|Speed:||21 knots (39 km/h) surfaced, 9 knots (17 km/h) submerged|
|Range:||6,000 nautical miles (11,000 km) @ 11 knots (20 km/h), 11,000 nautical miles (20,000 km) at 11 kn with fuel in main ballast tanks (bunkerage 90,935 US gallons (344,230 l)|
|Endurance:||10 hours @ 5 knots (9 km/h)|
|Test depth:||200 ft (60 m)|
|Armament:||6 × 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes (four forward, two aft, 12 torpedoes; removed 1943), (as built) 1 × 5-inch (127 mm)/51 cal deck gun (changed to 1 × 3-inch (76 mm)/50 cal 1928, removed 1943)|
USS Bass (SF-5/SS-164), a Barracuda-class submarine and one of the "V-boats", was the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for the bass. Her keel was laid at the Portsmouth Navy Yard. She was launched as V-2 (SF-5) on 27 December 1924 sponsored by Mrs. Douglas E. Dismukes, wife of Captain Dismukes, and commissioned on 26 September 1925, Lieutenant Commander G.A. Rood in command.
V-2 was assigned to Submarine Division 20 (SubDiv 20) and cruised along the Atlantic coast and in the Caribbean Sea until November 1927, when the Division sailed for San Diego, California, arriving on 3 December 1927. V-2 operated with the fleet on the West Coast, in the Hawaiian Islands, and in the Caribbean Sea until December 1932.
Renamed Bass on 9 March 1931, she was assigned to SubDiv 12 in April. On 1 July, her hull classification symbol was changed from SF-5 to SS-164. On 2 January 1933, she was assigned to Rotating Reserve SubDiv 15, San Diego. Bass rejoined the fleet again in July and cruised along the West Coast, in the Canal Zone, and in the Hawaiian Islands until January 1937. She then departed the West Coast and arrived at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on 18 February 1937, where she went out of commission in reserve on 9 June.
World War II
Bass was recommissioned at Portsmouth, New Hampshire on 5 September 1940, and assigned to SubDiv 9, Atlantic Fleet. From February–November 1941, she operated along the New England coast and made two trips to St. George, Bermuda. She arrived at Coco Solo on 24 November and was on duty there when the Japanese launched their attack on Pearl Harbor.
In 1942, Bass was attached to Submarine Squadron 3 (SubRon 3), SubDiv 31, Atlantic Fleet. From March–August, while based at Coco Solo, she made four war patrols in the Pacific, off Balboa, Panama. While at sea on 17 August 1942, a fire broke out in the after battery room and quickly spread to the aft torpedo room and starboard main motor, resulting in the death of 26 enlisted men by asphyxiation. The following day, Antaeus arrived to assist the submarine and escorted her into the Gulf of Dulce, Costa Rica. Both proceeded to Balboa.
Bass remained in the Canal Zone until October 1942, when she departed for Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, arriving on 19 October. After undergoing repairs at Philadelphia Navy Yard Bass proceeded to New London, Connecticut where she conducted secret experiments off Block Island in December 1943. She was again in Philadelphia for repairs from January–March 1944. During the remainder of the year, she was attached to SubRon 1, Atlantic Fleet, and operated out of New London in the area between Long Island and Block Island.
Bass was decommissioned at the Naval Submarine Base New London on 3 March 1945 and expended as a target on 18 March 1945.
- Friedman, Norman (1995). U.S. Submarines Through 1945: An Illustrated Design History. Annapolis, Maryland: United States Naval Institute. pp. 285–304. ISBN 1-55750-263-3.
- Bauer, K. Jack; Roberts, Stephen S. (1991). Register of Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1775–1990: Major Combatants. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. p. 265. ISBN 0-313-26202-0.
- U.S. Submarines Through 1945 pp. 305–311
- Lenton, H. T. American Submarines (New York: Doubleday, 1973), p.33.
- U.S. Submarines Through 1945 pp. 111–113
- U.S. Submarines Through 1945 pp. 257–259
- Alden, John D., Commander, USN (retired). The Fleet Submarine in the U.S. Navy (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1979), p.210.
- Alden, p.211.
- Alden, p.31.
- Alden, p.25.
- Alden, p.25, credits some sources saying 16.
- "On Eternal Patrol - USS Bass (SS-164)". Retrieved 2008-08-11.