USS Walker (DD-163)
|Namesake:||John Grimes Walker|
|Builder:||Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts|
|Laid down:||19 June 1918|
|Launched:||14 September 1918|
|Commissioned:||31 January 1919|
|Decommissioned:||7 June 1922|
|Reclassified:||YW-57, 1 April 1939
DCH-1, 11 July 1940
IX-44, 17 February 1941
|Struck:||24 June 1942|
|Fate:||Scuttled, 28 December 1941|
|Class & type:||Wickes class destroyer|
|Length:||314 ft 4 1⁄2 in (95.822 m)|
|Beam:||30 ft 11 in (9.42 m)|
|Draft:||9 ft 2 in (2.79 m)|
|Speed:||35 knots (65 km/h)|
|Complement:||101 officers and enlisted|
|Armament:||4 × 4" (102 mm), 2 × 3" (76 mm), 12 × 21" (533 mm) torpedo tubes|
Walker was laid down on 19 June 1918 at Quincy, Massachusetts, by the Fore River Shipbuilding Company under contract from Bethlehem Steel Co.; launched on 14 September 1918; sponsored by Mrs. Francis Pickering Thomas; and commissioned at the Boston Navy Yard on 31 January 1919 with Lieutenant Commander Harold A. Waddington in command.
Walker got underway on 20 February to rendezvous with transport George Washington as it returned from France with President Woodrow Wilson. Upon completion of this duty, the new destroyer returned to Boston, where she was soon assigned to Division 18, Destroyer Force. She proceeded to Newport, Rhode Island, and loaded her full allotment of torpedoes at the Naval Torpedo Station. She sailed for the West Indies on 6 March and, soon after her arrival in the Caribbean fell into the Fleet's regular schedule of exercises and maneuvers. Walker conducted tactical exercises off San Juan, Puerto Rico, and gunnery exercises out of Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, into the late winter and early spring of 1919 before she headed north.
After steaming into New York harbor on 14 April, the destroyer was sent to her base at Newport, R.I. Early the next month, she supported the Navy's NC-boat transatlantic flights. Initially stationed at Trepassy Bay from 6 May to 8 May, she later operated at sea from the 10th to the 17th, serving as one of the chain of picket ships to provide the NC flying boats with position reports and bearings. When this mission was completed, she returned to Newport on the 20th.
After calling at Annapolis in early June for a two-day visit during Naval Academy graduation exercises, Walker headed south and transited the Panama Canal on 24 July. She called briefly at Acapulco, Mexico, for two days before steaming for southern California, arriving at Coronado on 8 August.
Based at San Diego, Walker conducted local operations off the west coast into late 1919, when she was assigned to the Reserve Destroyer Flotilla. She embarked naval reservists for an indoctrination cruise on 27 October 1920 and remained in "rotating reserve" duty, conducting periodic target practices, full-power runs, and undergoing overhauls at the Mare Island Navy Yard. Decommissioned on 7 June 1922, as part of an austerity program, Walker was placed in reserve at San Diego, where she remained into the 1930s.
After 16 years on "Red Lead Row," the ship was struck from the Navy list on 28 March 1938 and slated for disposal by sale. Logistics requirements of west coast naval districts, however, resulted in the former destroyer being placed back on the list and earmarked for conversion to a water barge. Redesignated YW-57 on 1 April 1939, the ship was undergoing conversion at the Mare Island Navy Yard when the Navy again decided to change the vessel's role. With the outbreak of war in Europe and the possibility of American involvement in the conflict, the ship was slated for use as a damage control hulk.
Designated DCH-1 on 11 July 1940, the vessel was based at the Destroyer Base, San Diego, and used for training exercises in formulating and evolving new damage control techniques. In the following year, as the Pacific Fleet's base had been moved from San Diego to Pearl Harbor, plans were made to tow DCH-1 (which had been stripped of propulsion machinery during the initial conversion work to YW-57) to the Hawaiian Islands. On 28 December 1941, damage control hulk DCH 1 (IX-44), formerly destroyer Walker (DD-163), while being towed from San Diego, California, to Pearl Harbor, by oiler USS Neches (AO-5), was cast adrift and scuttled by gunfire from Neches at .
USS Walker DD-163 is the main ship used in the alternate history series Destroyermen written by Taylor Anderson. The series begins with the Walker in the U.S. Asiatic Fleet at the outbreak of World War II. She is pursued by superior Japanese naval forces following the Battle of the Java Sea and seeks refuge in a squall. USS Walker and her sister, USS Mahan, are transported to an alternate Earth, one where a different evolutionary path occurred. Taylor Anderson also uses other decommissioned ships in these books, such as USS Mahan (DD-102), USS S-19 (SS-124), the Japanese battlecruiser Amagi, and the SS Amerika.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.