USS Washington (1776 lateen-rigged galley)
|Laid down:||date unknown|
|In service:||October 1776|
|Out of service:||October 1776|
|Captured:||by the British, 13 October 1776 retained by the British under the same name|
|Type:||lateen-rigged, two-masted row galley|
|Armament:||Eight to ten guns on board|
USS Washington (1776 lateen-rigged galley) was a row galley in the service of the Continental Congress during the American Revolutionary War. Washington was capable of propulsion by sail or by the paddling of oarsmen. During a battle with British warships, Washington “struck her colors” and was captured by the British.
Built on Lake Champlain
The third ship to be named Washington -- a lateen-rigged, two-masted row galley—was built on Lake Champlain at Skenesboro, New York, in the autumn of 1776. On 6 October 1776, the row galley joined the small fleet established and commanded by Brigadier General Benedict Arnold.
Battle of Valcour Island
When that lakeward push began, Capt. Thomas Pringle, of the Royal Navy, led a 25-ship fleet past Valcour Island on 11 October. Pringle sighted the American fleet after he had passed it and attacked from leeward. In the ensuing action, Washington suffered the heaviest damage of any ship in Arnold's fleet; Waterbury, her commander, subsequently reported that she was
|“||. . . so torn to pieces that it was almost impossible to keep her above water.||”|
Arnold regrouped his shattered fleet and slipped past the British on 12 October with muffled oars, the Americans slipping noiselessly past Pringle's fleet in a desperate attempt at escape. However, after a long chase, the British caught the retreating Continental force the following day, on 13 October, at Split Rock near Crown Point.
After the battle
Arnold managed to beach and destroy four of the row galleys and his own flagship, Congress, while most of the remaining ships escaped upriver. Only Washington -- at the rear of the van—was captured by the enemy; she struck her colors, as Arnold reported later, "... after receiving a few broadsides."
Washington was eventually taken into British service, apparently retaining her name, and was re-rigged as a brig. Her subsequent fate, however, is unrecorded.