Ambassadors of the United States

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Flag of ambassadors of the United States

This is a list of ambassadors of the United States to individual nations of the world, to international organizations, to past nations, and ambassadors-at-large.

Ambassadors are nominated by the President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate.[1] An ambassador can be appointed during a recess, but he or she can only serve as ambassador until the end of the next session of Congress unless subsequently confirmed.[2] Ambassadors serve "at the pleasure of the President", meaning they can be dismissed at any time.

An ambassador may be a career foreign service officer or a political appointee. In most cases, career foreign service officers serve a tour of approximately three years per ambassadorship whereas political appointees customarily tender their resignations upon the inauguration of a new president. As embassies fall under the U.S. State Department's jurisdiction, ambassadors answer to the Secretary of State.

Current U.S. ambassadors[edit]

Host country Ref U.S. Ambassador Embassy
Website
Confirmed
 Afghanistan Ref Michael McKinley Kabul December 9, 2014
 Albania Ref Donald Lu Tirana November 20, 2014
 Algeria Ref Joan Polaschik Algiers July 29, 2014
 Andorra[3] Ref James Costos Madrid August 1, 2013
 Angola Ref Helen La Lime Luanda May 15, 2014
 Antigua and Barbuda[4] Ref Larry Palmer Bridgetown March 29, 2012
 Argentina Ref Noah Mamet Buenos Aires December 2, 2014
 Armenia Ref Richard Mills Yerevan December 16, 2014
 Australia Ref John Berry Canberra August 1, 2013
 Austria Ref Alexa Wesner Vienna August 1, 2013
 Azerbaijan Ref Robert Cekuta Baku December 16, 2014
The Bahamas Bahamas Ref Vacant since November 21, 2011
Lisa Johnson, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Nassau July 9, 2014
 Bahrain Ref William Roebuck Manama November 18, 2014
 Bangladesh Ref Marcia Bernicat Dhaka November 18, 2014
 Barbados[4] Ref Larry Palmer Bridgetown March 29, 2012
 Belarus Ref Vacant since March 12, 2008
Scott Rauland, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Minsk June 30, 2014
 Belgium Ref Denise Bauer Brussels August 1, 2013
 Belize Ref Carlos Moreno Belmopan May 14, 2014
 Benin Ref Michael Raynor Cotonou May 24, 2012
 Bhutan The United States does not maintain formal diplomatic relations with Bhutan. Informal contact through the Indian embassy.
 Bolivia Ref Vacant since September 10, 2008
Peter Brennan, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
La Paz June 2014
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Ref Maureen Cormack Sarajevo November 19 2014
 Botswana Ref Earl Miller Gaborone November 19, 2014
 Brazil Ref Liliana Ayalde Brasilia August 1, 2013
 Brunei Ref Craig Allen Bandar Seri Begawan November 18, 2014
 Bulgaria Ref Marcie Ries Sofia August 2, 2012
 Burkina Faso Ref Tulinabo Mushingi Ouagadougou July 9, 2013
 Burma (Myanmar)[5] Ref Derek Mitchell Rangoon June 29, 2012
 Burundi Ref Dawn Liberi Bujumbura September 22, 2012
 Cambodia Ref William Todd Phnom Penh March 29, 2012
 Cameroon Ref Michael Hoza Yaoundé July 29, 2014
 Canada Ref Bruce Heyman Ottawa March 12, 2014
 Cape Verde Ref Donald Helfin Praia December 12, 2014
 Central African Republic[6][7][8] Ref Vacant since December 28, 2012
David Brown, Charge d'Affaires, a.i.
Bangui August 1, 2013
 Chad Ref James Knight N'Djamena May 23, 2013
 Chile Ref Michael Hammer Santiago March 6, 2014
 China Ref Max Baucus Beijing February 6, 2014
 Colombia Ref Kevin Whitaker Bogotá April 1, 2014
 Comoros[9] Ref Robert Yamate Antananarivo November 19, 2014
Republic of the Congo Congo-Brazzaville Ref Stephanie Sullivan Brazzaville August 1, 2013
Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo-Kinshasa Ref James Swan Kinshasa August 1, 2013
 Costa Rica Ref Vacant since June 12, 2013
Gonzalo Gallegos, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
San José July 2013
 Croatia Ref Kenneth Merten Zagreb March 29, 2012
 Cuba Ref No diplomatic relations since January 3, 1961. Informal contact via the Interests Section in the Swiss embassy.
Havana Interest Section
 Cyprus Ref John Koenig Nicosia August 2, 2012
 Czech Republic Ref Andrew Schapiro Prague July 23, 2014
 Denmark Ref Rufus Gifford Copenhagen August 1, 2013
 Djibouti Ref Thomas Kelly Djibouti June 25, 2014
 Dominica[4] Ref Larry Palmer Bridgetown March 29, 2012
 Dominican Republic Ref Wally Brewster Santo Domingo November 14, 2013
 East Timor Ref Karen Clark Stanton Dili November 17, 2014
 Ecuador Ref Adam Namm Quito April 26, 2012
 Egypt Ref Robert Beecroft Cairo June 26, 2014
 El Salvador Ref Mari Aponte San Salvador September 22, 2010
 Equatorial Guinea Ref Mark Asquino Malabo June 29, 2012
 Eritrea Ref Vacant since July 19, 2010
Louis Mazel, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Asmara July 10, 2014
 Estonia Ref Jeffrey Levine Tallinn March 29, 2012
 Ethiopia Ref Patricia Haslach Addis Ababa August 1, 2013
 Fiji[10] Ref Judith Beth Cefkin Suva November 19, 2014
 Finland Ref Bruce Oreck Helsinki August 12, 2009
 France[11] Ref Jane Hartley Paris September 16, 2014
 Gabon[12] Ref Cynthia Akuetteh Libreville July 30, 2014
 Gambia Ref Vacant since July 28, 2013
George Staples, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Banjul July 28, 2013
 Georgia Ref Richard Norland Tbilisi March 29, 2012
 Germany Ref John Emerson Berlin August 1, 2013
 Ghana Ref Gene Cretz Ghana August 2, 2012
 Greece Ref David Pearce Athens August 1, 2013
 Grenada[4] Ref Larry Palmer Bridgetown March 29, 2012
 Guatemala Ref Todd Robinson Guatemala September 16, 2014
 Guinea-Bissau[13] Ref James Zumwalt Bissau VPP November 18, 2014
Guinea Guinea-Conakry Ref Alexander Laskaris Conakry August 3, 2012
 Guyana Ref Vacant since July 3, 2014
Bryan Hunt, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Georgetown July 3, 2014
 Haiti Ref Pamela White Port-au-Prince March 29, 2012
 Holy See (Vatican City) Ref Ken Hackett Vatican August 1, 2013
 Honduras Ref James Nealon Tegucigalpa July 15, 2014
 Hungary Ref Colleen Bradley Bell Budapest December 2, 2014
 Iceland Ref Robert Barber Reykjavik December 12, 2014
 India Ref Richard Verma New Delhi December 9, 2014
 Indonesia Ref Robert Blake Jakarta November 5, 2013
 Iran Ref No diplomatic relations since April 7, 1980. Informal contact via the Interests Section in the Swiss embassy.
Tehran VPP since December 2011
 Iraq Ref Stuart Jones Baghdad June 26, 2014
Republic of Ireland Ireland Ref Kevin O'Malley Dublin September 18, 2014
 Israel Ref Daniel Shapiro Tel Aviv May 26, 2011
 Italy[14] Ref John Phillips Rome August 1, 2013
 Ivory Coast Ref Terence McCulley Abidjan August 1, 2013
 Jamaica Ref Luis Moreno Kingston November 20, 2014
 Japan Ref Caroline Kennedy Tokyo October 16, 2013
 Jordan Ref Alice Wells Amman June 16, 2014
 Kazakhstan Ref George Krol Astana November 20, 2014
 Kenya Ref Robert Godec Nairobi January 2, 2013
 Kiribati[10] Ref Judith Beth Cefkin Suva November 19, 2014
 Kosovo Ref Tracey Ann Jacobson Pristina March 29, 2012
 Kuwait Ref Douglas Silliman Kuwait City July 10, 2014
 Kyrgyzstan Ref Vacant since November 20, 2014
Laura Griesmer, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Bishkek December 12, 2014
 Laos Ref Dan Clune Vientiane August 1, 2013
 Latvia Ref Vacant since August 6, 2014
Sharon Hudson-Dean, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Riga August 6, 2014
 Lebanon Ref David Hale Beirut August 1, 2013
 Lesotho Ref Matthew Harrington Maseru September 16, 2014
 Liberia Ref Deborah Malac Monrovia August 2, 2012
 Libya Ref Deborah Jones Tripoli May 23, 2013
 Liechtenstein[15] Ref Suzan LeVine Bern May 1, 2014
 Lithuania Ref Deborah McCarthy Vilnius January 2, 2013
 Luxembourg Ref Robert Mandell Luxembourg October 18, 2011
Republic of Macedonia Macedonia Ref Jess Baily Skopje December 16, 2014
 Madagascar[9] Ref Robert Yamate Antananarivo November 19, 2014
 Malawi Ref Virginia Palmer Lilongwe December 12, 2014
 Malaysia Ref Joseph Yun Kuala Lumpur August 1, 2013
 Maldives[16] Ref Vacant since November 19, 2014
Andrew Mann, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Colombo December 6, 2014
 Mali Ref Vacant since December 2014
Andrew Young, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Bamako December 2014
 Malta Ref Gina Abercrombie-Winstanley Valletta March 29, 2012
 Marshall Islands Ref Thomas Hart Armbruster Majuro August 2, 2012
 Mauritania Ref Larry Andre Nouakchott July 29, 2014
 Mauritius[17] Ref Shari Villarosa Port Louis September 22, 2012
 Mexico Ref Earl Anthony Wayne Mexico City August 2011
Federated States of Micronesia Micronesia Ref Doria Rosen Kolonia June 29, 2012
 Moldova Ref James Pettit Chişinău November 20, 2014
 Monaco[11][18] Ref Jane Hartley Paris September 16, 2014
 Mongolia Ref Piper Campbell Ulaanbaatar June 29, 2012
 Montenegro Ref Margaret Ann Uyehara Podgorica December 16, 2014
 Morocco Ref Dwight Bush Rabat March 13, 2014
 Mozambique Ref Douglas Griffiths Maputo June 29, 2012
 Namibia Ref Thomas Daughton Windhoek September 17, 2014
 Nauru[10] Ref Judith Beth Cefkin Suva November 19, 2014
   Nepal Ref Peter Bodde Kathmandu June 29, 2012
 Netherlands Ref Tim Broas The Hague March 13, 2014
 New Zealand[19] Ref Mark Gilbert Wellington December 12, 2014
 Nicaragua Ref Phyllis Powers Managua March 29, 2012
 Niger Ref Eunice Reddick Niamey July 21, 2014
 Nigeria Ref James Entwistle Abuja August 1, 2013
 North Korea The United States does not maintain diplomatic relations with North Korea. Consular matters handled by the Swedish embassy.[20]
 Norway Ref Vacant since September 28, 2013
Julie Furuta-Toy, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Oslo September 28, 2013
 Oman Ref Greta Holtz Muscat August 2, 2012
 Pakistan Ref Richard Olson Islamabad September 22, 2012
 Palau[21] Ref Amy Hyatt Koror December 12, 2014
 Panama Ref Jonathan Farrar Panama March 29, 2012
 Papua New Guinea[22] Ref Walter North Port Moresby November 22, 2012
 Paraguay Ref Leslie Ann Bassett Asunción November 18, 2014
 Peru Ref Brian Nichols Lima June 19, 2014
 Philippines[21] Ref Philip Goldberg Manila November 14, 2013
 Poland Ref Stephen Mull Warsaw September 22, 2012
 Portugal Ref Robert Sherman Lisbon February 12, 2014
 Qatar Ref Dana Smith Doha July 10, 2014
 Romania Ref Vacant since December 14, 2012
Dean Thompson, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Bucharest July 2014
 Russia Ref John Tefft Moscow July 31, 2014
 Rwanda Ref Erica Barks-Ruggles Kigali November 17, 2014
 Saint Kitts and Nevis[4] Ref Larry Palmer Bridgetown March 29, 2012
 Saint Lucia[4] Ref Larry Palmer Bridgetown March 29, 2012
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[4] Ref Larry Palmer Bridgetown March 29, 2012
 Samoa[19] Ref Mark Gilbert Wellington December 12, 2014
 San Marino[14] Ref John Phillips Florence San Marino VPP August 1, 2013
 São Tomé and Príncipe[12] Ref Cynthia Akuetteh Libreville July 30, 2014
 Saudi Arabia Ref Joseph Westphal Riyadh March 26, 2014
 Senegal[13] Ref James Zumwalt Dakar November 18, 2014
 Serbia Ref Michael Kirby Belgrade August 2, 2012
 Seychelles[17] Ref Shari Villarosa Port Louis September 22, 2012
 Sierra Leone Ref John Hoover Freetown September 11, 2014
 Singapore Ref Kirk Wagar Singapore August 1, 2013
 Slovakia Ref Theodore Sedgwick Bratislava June 30, 2010
 Slovenia Ref Brent Hartley Ljubljana November 20, 2014
 Solomon Islands[22] Ref Walter North Port Moresby November 22, 2012
 Somalia[23][24] Ref Vacant since January 5, 1991
James McAnulty, Special Representative
Somalia VPP August 2013
 South Africa Ref Patrick Gaspard Pretoria August 1, 2013
 South Korea Ref Mark Lippert Seoul September 18, 2014
 South Sudan Ref Vacant since August 24, 2014
Charles Twining, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Juba August 24, 2014
 Spain[3] Ref James Costos Madrid August 2013
 Sri Lanka[16] Ref Vacant since November 19, 2014
Andrew Mann, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Colombo December 6, 2014
 Sudan[25] Ref Vacant since February 7, 1996
Jerry Lanier, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Khartoum May 13, 2014
 Suriname Ref Jay Anania Paramaribo June 29, 2012
 Swaziland Ref Makila James Mbabane May 24, 2012
 Sweden Ref Mark Brzezinski Stockholm October 2011
  Switzerland[15] Ref Suzan LeVine Bern May 1, 2014
 Syria[26] Ref Vacant since February 28, 2014
Daniel Rubinstein, Special Envoy
Damascus March 17, 2014
 Taiwan Since January 19, 1979, diplomatic relations have been carried out by the American Institute in Taiwan
Taipei Office
 Tajikistan Ref Susan Marsh Elliott Dushanbe June 29, 2012
 Tanzania Ref Mark Childress Dar es Salaam April 7, 2014
 Thailand Ref Vacant since November 1, 2014
Patrick Murphy, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Bangkok November 1, 2014
 Togo Ref Robert Whitehead Lomé March 29, 2012
 Tonga[10] Ref Judith Beth Cefkin Tonga November 19, 2014
 Trinidad and Tobago Ref Vacant since November 2, 2012
Margaret Diop, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Port of Spain July 2013
 Tunisia Ref Jacob Walles Tunis March 29, 2012
 Turkey Ref John Bass Ankara September 17, 2014
 Turkmenistan Ref Allan Mustard Ashgabat November 19, 2014
 Tuvalu[10] Ref Judith Beth Cefkin Suva November 19, 2014
 Uganda Ref Scott DeLisi Kampala May 24, 2012
 Ukraine Ref Geoffrey Pyatt Kiev July 9, 2013
 United Arab Emirates Ref Barbara Leaf Abu Dhabi November 17, 2014
 United Kingdom[27] Ref Matthew Barzun London August 1, 2013
 Uruguay Ref Vacant since December 10, 2014
Brad Freden, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Montevideo December 10, 2014
 Uzbekistan Ref Pamela Spratlen Tashkent November 20, 2014
 Vanuatu[22] Ref Walter North Port Moresby November 22, 2012
 Venezuela Ref Vacant since July 16, 2010
Lee McClenny, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.[28]
Caracas July 7, 2014
 Vietnam Ref Theodore Osius Hanoi November 17, 2014
 Yemen Ref Matthew Tueller Sana’a March 27, 2014
 Zambia Ref Eric Schultz Lusaka September 17, 2014
 Zimbabwe Ref David Bruce Wharton Harare August 2, 2012
 Abkhazia The Republic of Abkhasia is neither recognized by the United Nations nor by the United States.
 Northern Cyprus The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is neither recognized by the United Nations nor by the United States.
 Palestine The Palestinian State is not recognized by the United States.
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is neither recognized by the United Nations nor by the United States[29]
 South Ossetia The Republic of South Ossetia is neither recognized by the United Nations nor by the United States.

Ambassadors to international organizations[edit]

Current ambassadors from the United States to international organizations

Host organization Location Ambassador Confirmed
African Union Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Reuben Brigety August 1, 2013
Association of Southeast Asian Nations Jakarta, Indonesia Nina Hachigian September 16, 2014
Conference on Disarmament Geneva, Switzerland Robert Wood July 15, 2014
European Union Brussels, Belgium Anthony Gardner February 2, 2014
International Civil Aviation Organization Montreal, Canada Michael Lawson July 21, 2014
North Atlantic Treaty Organization Brussels, Belgium Douglas Lute August 1, 2013
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development Paris, France Daniel Yohannes April 9, 2014
Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons The Hague, Netherlands Robert Mikulak September 29, 2010
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe Vienna, Austria Daniel Baer August 1, 2013
Organization of American States Washington, D.C., United States Carmen Lomellin November 20, 2009
United Nations New York, United States Samantha Power August 1, 2013
United Nations (Deputy) New York, United States Michele Sison November 19, 2014
United Nations Agencies in Rome Rome, Italy David Lane May 24, 2012
United Nations Economic and Social Council New York, United States Elizabeth Cousens March 29, 2012
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Paris, France Crystal Nix-Hines June 12, 2014
United Nations Human Rights Council Geneva, Switzerland Keith Harper June 3, 2014
United Nations International Organizations in Geneva Geneva, Switzerland Pamela Hamamoto May 8, 2014
United Nations International Organizations in Nairobi Nairobi, Kenya Joseph Murphy January 2010
United Nations International Organizations in Vienna Vienna, Austria Vacant since August 4, 2014
Laura Kennedy, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
September 15, 2014
United Nations on Management and Reform New York, United States Isobel Coleman December 16, 2014
United Nations on Special Political Affairs New York, United States David Pressman September 17, 2014
World Trade Organization Geneva, Switzerland Michael Punke October 21, 2011

Ambassadors-at-large[edit]

Current ambassadors-at-large from the United States with worldwide responsibility:

Title Ambassador U.S. State Department Confirmed
Ambassador-at-Large for Counterterrorism (Coordinator) Tina Kaidanow Bureau of Counterterrorism February 12, 2014
Ambassador-at-Large for Global Women's Issues Catherine Russell Office of Global Women’s Issues August 1, 2013
Ambassador-at-Large for International Religious Freedom David Saperstein Office of International Religious Freedom December 12, 2014
Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues Stephen Rapp Office of Global Criminal Justice September 8, 2009
Ambassador-at-Large to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (Director) Vacant since November 10, 2014
Kari Johnstone, Acting
Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons November 10, 2014

Other senior diplomatic representatives[edit]

Senior diplomatic representatives of the United States to posts other than embassies. Unlike other consulates, these persons report directly to the Secretary of State.

Host country Ref Ambassador Title Appointed
 Cuba Ref Jeffrey DeLaurentis Chief of Mission August 2014
 Curaçao[30] Ref James Moore Consul General and Chief of Mission June 2013
 Hong Kong[31] Ref Clifford Hart Consul General and Chief of Mission July 30, 2013
 Jerusalem[32] Ref Michael Ratney Consul General and Chief of Mission July 29, 2012
 Macau[31] Ref Clifford Hart Consul General and Chief of Mission July 30, 2013
 Taiwan Ref Christopher Marut Director September 7, 2012

Special Envoys, Representatives and Coordinators[edit]

Portfolio Officeholder (Title) Appointed
Afghanistan and Pakistan Daniel Feldman (Special Representative) August 1, 2014
African Great Lakes Region and the Congo-Kinshasa Russ Feingold (Special Envoy) July 18, 2013
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Robert Wang (Senior Official) August 2013
Arctic Council Robert Papp (Special Representative) July 14, 2014
Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention Issues Robert Wood (Special Representative) October 2, 2014
Burma Vacant since November 19, 2014 (Senior Advisor)
Center for Strategic Counterterrorism Communications Alberto Fernandez (Coordinator) March 26, 2012
Central African Republic Stuart Symington (Special Representative) April 21, 2014
Civil Society and Emerging Democracies Vacant (Coordinator)
Climate Change Todd Stern (Special Envoy) January 26, 2009
Commercial and Business Affairs Scott Nathan (Special Representative) March 10, 2014
Cyber Issues Christopher Painter (Coordinator) February 22, 2011
Ebola Response Steven Browning (Special Coordinator) December 1, 2014
Eurasian Energy Vacant since September 3, 2012 (Special Envoy)
Faith Based and Community Initiatives Shaun Casey (Special Advisor) July 15, 2013
Foreign Assistance Resources Hari Sastry (Director) October 20, 2014
Foreign Missions Vacant (Director)
Frederick Ketchem, Acting
Foreign Service Institute Nancy McEldowney (Director) February 19, 2013
Global AIDS Coordinator Deborah Birx (Coordinator) April 4, 2014
Global Coalition to Counter the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant John Allen (Special Presidential Envoy) September 16, 2014
Global Food Security Nancy Stetson (Special Representative) June 23, 2014
Global Health Diplomacy Vacant (Special Representative)
Elizabeth Jordan, Acting
2014
Global Partnerships Andrew O'Brien (Special Representative) May 20, 2013
Global Youth Issues Andy Rabens (Special Advisor) October 19, 2014
Guantánamo Bay Detention Facility Closure Cliff Sloan (Special Envoy) July 1, 2013
Haiti Thomas Adams (Special Coordinator) September 27, 2010
Holocaust Issues Nicholas Dean (Special Envoy)
Stuart Eizenstat (Special Advisor)
August 25, 2014
December 18, 2013
International Disability Rights Judith Heumann (Special Advisor) June 7, 2010
International Energy Affairs Amos Hochstein (Special Envoy and Coordinator) August 1, 2014
International Information Programs Macon Phillips (Coordinator) September 23, 2013
International Labor Affairs Vacant (Special Representative)
Israeli–Palestinian Negotiations Vacant (Special Envoy)
Frank Lowenstein, Acting
July 1, 2014
Middle East Transitions Vacant (Special Coordinator)
Monitor and Combat Antisemitism Ira Forman (Special Envoy) May 20, 2013
Muslim Communities Shaarik Zafar (Special Representative) July 14, 2014
Nonproliferation and Arms Control Vacant since June 10, 2010 (Special Advisor)
North Korea Policy Sung Kim (Special Representative) November 6, 2014
North Korea Human Rights Issues Robert King (Special Envoy) November 24, 2009
Northern Ireland Gary Hart (Special Envoy) October 22, 2014
Nuclear Nonproliferation Adam Scheinman (Special Representative of the President) September 22, 2014
Organization of Islamic Cooperation Rashad Hussain (Special Envoy) February 13, 2010
Partner Engagement on Syria Foreign Fighters Robert Bradtke (Senior Advisor) March 2014
Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review Thomas Perriello (Special Representative) February 24, 2014
Sanctions Policy Daniel Fried (Coordinator) January 28, 2013
Science and Technology Vacant (Advisor)
Frances Colon, Acting
August 1, 2014
Secretary Initiatives Elizabeth Bagley (Special Advisor) January 20, 2014
Security Negotiations and Agreements John Fennerty (Senior Advisor) September 15, 2014
Six-Party Talks Sydney Seiler (Special Envoy) September 1, 2014
Sudan and South Sudan Donald Booth (Special Envoy) August 28, 2013
Threat Reduction Programs Bonnie Jenkins (Coordinator) July 13, 2009
Tibetan Issues Sarah Sewall (Special Coordinator) February 20, 2014

Nations without exchange of ambassadors[edit]

  • Bhutan: According to the U.S. State Department, "The United States and the Kingdom of Bhutan have not established formal diplomatic relations; however, the two governments have informal and cordial relations".[33] Informal contact with the nation of Bhutan is maintained through the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi.[33]
  • Cuba: After breaking diplomatic relations after the Bay of Pigs Invasion, the United States only interacts with Cuba via a U.S. Interests office in the Swiss Embassy in Havana and Washington, D.C.[34]
  • Iran: On April 7, 1980, the United States broke diplomatic relations with Iran after the 1979 [[Iranian Revolution].[35] On April 24, 1981, the Swiss government assumed representation of U.S. interests in Tehran, and Algeria assumed representation of Iranian interests in the United States.[36] Currently, Iranian interests in the United States are represented by the government of Pakistan. The U.S. Department of State named Iran a "State Sponsor of Terrorism" on January 19, 1984.[37]
  • North Korea: The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is not on friendly terms with the United States, and while talks between the two countries are ongoing, there is no exchange of ambassadors. Sweden functions as Protective Power for the United States in Pyongyang and performs consular responsibilities for U.S. citizens in North Korea.[38]

Selected past ambassadors[edit]

Well-known past ambassadors from the United States:

Ambassadors killed in office[edit]

Eight United States Ambassadors have been killed in office – six of them by armed attack and the other two in plane crashes.[40]

Name Ambassador to Place of death Date of death Killed by
Laurence Steinhardt Canada Ramsayville, Ontario, Canada March 28, 1950 plane crash
John Mein Guatemala Guatemala City, Guatemala August 28, 1968 attack by Fuerzas Armadas Rebeldes
Cleo Noel Sudan Khartoum, Sudan March 2, 1973 attack by Black September
Rodger Davies Cyprus Nicosia, Cyprus August 19, 1974 attack during Greek Cypriot demonstration
Francis Meloy Lebanon Beirut, Lebanon June 16, 1976 attack by Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
Adolph Dubs Afghanistan Kabul, Afghanistan February 14, 1979 attack by Setami Milli
Arnold Raphel Pakistan Bahawalpur, Pakistan August 17, 1988 plane crash
Chris Stevens Libya Benghazi, Libya September 12, 2012 attack on a U.S. diplomatic mission

Ambassadors to past countries[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Senate – Powers & Procedure Senate.gov Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  2. ^ Henry B. Hogue. "Recess Appointments: Frequently Asked Questions" (PDF). Congressional Research Service, the Library of Congress. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  3. ^ a b The U.S. Ambassador to Spain—resident at Madrid—is also accredited to Andorra.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g The United States Ambassador to Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean, resident in Bridgetown, Barbados, is concurrently accredited to Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
  5. ^ In 1989 the military government of Burma changed the name of the nation to Myanmar, but the United States government—and other Western governments—still refer to the country as Burma in official usage. See Myanmar.
  6. ^ Embassy suspended operations on December 28, 2012. French embassy acted as protecting power from April 25, 2013. Relations resumed from September 15, 2014
  7. ^ Department of State – Central African Republic: Resumption of Operations at Embassy Bangui
  8. ^ Department of State – Bilateral Protecting Power Arrangements
  9. ^ a b One ambassador—resident at Antananarivo—is accredited to Madagascar and Comoros.
  10. ^ a b c d e One ambassador—resident at Suva—is accredited to Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, Tonga, and Tuvalu. Source U.S. Embassy Suva.
  11. ^ a b As of December 2006, the U.S. ambassador to France is also accredited to Monaco.
  12. ^ a b One ambassador—resident at Libreville—is accredited to Gabon and São Tomé and Príncipe. Source: U.S. State Department
  13. ^ a b One ambassador—resident at Dakar—is accredited to Guinea-Bissau and Senegal.
  14. ^ a b The U.S. Ambassador to Rome is also accredited to San Marino. The U.S. Consulate in Florence handles matters concerned with San Marino.
  15. ^ a b One ambassador—resident at Bern—is accredited to Switzerland and Liechtenstein.
  16. ^ a b One ambassador—resident at Colombo—is accredited to Maldives and Sri Lanka.
  17. ^ a b One ambassador—resident at Port Louis—is accredited to Mauritius and Seychelles.
  18. ^ Until December 2006, the United States and Monaco had no formal diplomatic relations (exchange of ambassadors). The U.S. Consul General in Marseille, France, under the authority of the U.S. Ambassador to France, managed relations with Monaco. In December 2006, the United States and Monaco upgraded from consular to full diplomatic relations and Ambassador Craig Stapleton (France) was accredited to Monaco. Source: Department of State: Background notes on Monaco, U.S. Embassy in France: U.S. Diplomatic Mission to Monaco.
  19. ^ a b One ambassador—resident at Wellington—is accredited to New Zealand and Samoa.
  20. ^ American citizens who travel to North Korea do so at their own risk and in some cases in violation of U.S. and/or UN sanctions.
  21. ^ a b Until 2005 one ambassador—resident at Manila—was accredited to the Philippines and Palau. Source: CIA World Factbook. Helen Reed-Rowe is the first ambassador to Palau to be confirmed in 2010.
  22. ^ a b c One ambassador—resident at Port Moresby—is accredited to Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu.
  23. ^ >Managed through the U.S. Embassy in Kenya. The United States has no diplomatic relations with Somalia. The last ambassador to Somalia was James Bishop when the embassy in Mogadishu was closed on January 5, 1991. Source: U.S State Department.
  24. ^ "Virtual Presence Post Somalia". 
  25. ^ The U.S. Embassy in Khartoum was closed on February 7, 1996. Timothy Carney was the last ambassador to Sudan. The embassy was reopened on May 23, 2002, with Jeffrey Millington as Chargé d’Affaires ad interim. There has been no U.S. ambassador in Khartoum since then. Source U.S. Department of State.
  26. ^ After formal relations were reestablished in 2010 after five years, the embassy was again closed on February 6, 2014. Poland became the protecting power until its embassy closed on July 27, at which point the Czech Republic took responsibility.
  27. ^ The ambassador to the U.K. is known as the "Ambassador to the Court of St. James's."
  28. ^ President Chavez ordered the expulsion of the U.S. Ambassador, John Duddy, on September 11, 2008 in solidarity with the Bolivian government's decision to expel the U.S. Ambassador in La Paz. The U.S. Government ordered the reciprocal expulsion of the Venezuelan Ambassador in Washington. Source: U.S. Department of State Background Notes on Venezuela
  29. ^ The US neither recognizes Moroccan claims to sovereignty over Western Sahara. Sources: Western Sahara, Foreign relations of Western Sahara, Foreign relations of Morocco.
  30. ^ While solely accredited to Curaçao, the Consul General is responsible for all Danish territories in the Caribbean, including Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten, Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius.
  31. ^ a b The United States Consul General to Hong Kong, resident in Hong Kong, is concurrently accredited to Macau.
  32. ^ The Consul General to Jerusalem is also responsible for residents in the Palestinian territories.
  33. ^ a b "Bhutan (08/04)". United States Department of State. 
  34. ^ May, Donald (January 17, 1961). "U.S. Halts Tourist Travel to Cuba; Special Permit Required for Visit". The Washington Post. p. A1. 
  35. ^ Goshko, John M.; Walsh, Edward (April 8, 1980). "U.S. Breaks Diplomatic Ties With Iran: Carter Breaks Ties, Orders Ouster of Iranian Diplomats". The Washington Post. p. A1. 
  36. ^ "Former No. 2 Iran Diplomat To Be Allowed Back in U.S.". The Washington Post. April 25, 1980. p. A27. 
  37. ^ "Chapter 3 - State Sponsors of Terrorism Overview". State.gov. Retrieved 2011-09-04. 
  38. ^ http://www.swedenabroad.com/en-GB/Embassies/Pyongyang/About-us/About-the-Embassy/
  39. ^ Roy, Denny (2003). Taiwan: a political history (1. publ. ed.). Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 9780801488054. 
  40. ^ "US Ambassadors Killed in the Line of Duty". Associated Press. 2012-09-12. Retrieved 2012-09-12. 

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