U.S. Route 36

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U.S. Route 36 marker

U.S. Route 36
Route information
Length: 1,414 mi[1] (2,276 km)
Existed: 1926[1] – present
Major junctions
West end: US 34 in Rocky Mountain National Park, CO
 

I‑25 north of Denver, CO
I‑76 north of Denver, CO
I‑70 in Denver, CO
I-29 in Saint Joseph, MO
I-35 in Cameron, MO
I-27 East of Hannibal, MO
I-55 in Springfield, IL
I-57 Tuscola, IL
I-65 / I-70 / I-74 in Indianapolis, IN
I‑75 in Piqua, OH
I‑71 west of Sunbury, OH

I‑77 in Newcomerstown, OH
East end: US 250 / SR 800 at Dennison, OH
Highway system

U.S. Route 36 is an east–west United States highway that runs for 1,414 miles (2,276 km) from Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado to Dennison, Ohio. The highway's western terminus is at Deer Ridge Junction, an intersection in Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, where it meets U.S. Route 34. Its eastern terminus is at U.S. Route 250 in Dennison, Ohio.

Route description[edit]

Colorado[edit]

Sign on US 34 approaching the western endpoint of US 36 at Deer Ridge Junction in Rocky Mountain National Park.

US Route 36 begins at US 34 at Deer Ridge Junction in Rocky Mountain National Park in Colorado, just west of Estes Park. It then passes through Boulder and Denver on its way to Kansas. Between Boulder and Denver, the road that is now US 36 was originally built as the Denver-Boulder Turnpike. It serves today as a major arterial freeway in the Front Range Urban Corridor. Between Denver and Byers, US 36 exists in unsigned overlaps with I-270 and I-70, while some parts of its original route are signed separately as Colorado State Highway 36. After it diverges from I-70 in Byers, US 36 is a relatively lightly-traveled two-lane rural highway to the Kansas state line.

Kansas[edit]

US-36 passes through all 13 counties in Kansas which border Nebraska. The highway enters the Sunflower State from Colorado in Cheyenne County and shares a 7-mile (11 km) concurrency through the town of St. Francis with K-27, the first north–south route intersected in Kansas. K-27 splits east of St. Francis and heads south toward Goodland, and US-36 then continues through Bird City and McDonald before intersecting K-25 in Atwood, the seat of Rawlins County.

US-36 continues east through Decatur County, intersecting with US-83 in Oberlin before beginning a concurrency with K-383 in Norton County, a concurrency which runs for 12 miles (19 km) through the city of Norton, where it crosses US-283. K-383 splits in eastern Norton County and bends northeast toward Almena and the Nebraska state line, while US-36 enters Phillips County, picking up a brief concurrency with US-183 in Phillipsburg.

The highway passes through the small towns of Agra and Kensington before reaching Smith Center, the seat of Smith County, where US-281 joins US-36 for a 12-mile (19 km) concurrency. Near Lebanon, US-36 passes about 4 miles (6.4 km) south of the Geographic center of the contiguous United States, which is indicated by a marker where US-281 splits northward to Lebanon. The road then passes through largely unpopulated areas, except for the tiny town of Mankato in Jewell County.

At Belleville, the seat of Republic County, US-36 intersects US-81, a four-lane expressway which heads south toward Concordia and Salina, where it becomes Interstate 135 and continues south toward Wichita. US-81 northbound is a four-lane, at-grade expressway into Nebraska, where it passes through Hebron and Geneva before reaching Interstate 80 at York.

After passing through Washington County, US-36 picks up brief concurrencies with US-77 in Marysville, the seat of Marshall County, and with US-75 in Fairview. Between the junctions with US 77 and US 75, the highway passes through Nemaha County and its seat, Seneca.

In Hiawatha, the seat of Brown County, US-36 intersects the concurrency of US-73 and US-159, before entering Doniphan County for its final trek through the state, passing through Troy, Wathena and Elwood before crossing the Missouri River on the Pony Express Bridge and entering Missouri.

The section of US-36 from Washington, Kansas to St. Joseph, Missouri is officially called the Pony Express Highway because it marks the starting section of the Pony Express. It crosses the Missouri River on the Pony Express Bridge. From the western junction with K-383 to the Missouri state line, US-36 is part of the National Highway System.

Except for wider sections in towns and passing lanes on hills, US-36 through Kansas is mostly a two-lane surface road. However some of the principal intersections all along the road are grade-separated diamond interchanges. From the Little Blue River just west of the K-148 junction to the US-77 North junction just west of the Big Blue River at Marysville, US-36 is a four-lane divided surface highway. From Hiawatha to west of Wathena, the road is a two-lane freeway. After passing through Wathena as a surface street (Riverside High School in Wathena fronts the westbound lanes), it becomes a four-lane freeway to the Missouri state line.

Missouri[edit]

US 36 across Missouri is a four-lane expressway with some freeway sections, passing through or near St. Joseph, Cameron, Chillicothe, Brookfield, Macon, Monroe City and Hannibal. Between I-35 in Cameron and the Illinois state line, it forms part of the principal route between Kansas City and Chicago.

Illinois[edit]

In the state of Illinois, U.S. 36 runs concurrently with much of Interstate 72. It enters from Missouri across the Mississippi River on the Mark Twain Memorial Bridge, and runs east, crossing Interstate 55 in Springfield. At the U.S. Route 51 bypass in Decatur, U.S. 36 leaves I-72 and runs due east through downtown Decatur. U.S. 36 then continues east, through Tuscola and several smaller communities, to the Indiana border.

Indiana[edit]

US 36 enters Indiana near Dana in Vermillion County. It then passes through the towns of Montezuma, Rockville, Bainbridge, Danville, and Avon before approaching Indianapolis. US 36 then joins I-465, travelling around the south side of the city. East of the city, US 36 exits onto Pendleton Pike and travels northeast. It passes through Lawrence and McCordsville before passing around the east side of Pendleton, where the route turns east. The route then travels mostly in a straight line, passing through Losantville, Modoc, and Lynn before entering Ohio.

The former routing through Indianapolis consisted of Rockville Road, Washington Street, West Street/Michigan Road (now Dr. Martin Luther King Street), 38th Street, and Pendleton Pike.

Ohio[edit]

US 36 enters Ohio in Darke County near the small village of Palestine, after which it passes through Darke, Miami, Champaign, Union, Delaware, Knox and Coshocton counties before reaching its terminus at Dennison in Tuscarawas County. It conjoins with US Route 127 in Greenville for about 5 miles (8.0 km). Within OH US 36 is classified as 83.1% rural and 16.9% urban with only 6.01 miles coded as freeway of 204.88 total miles.[2] It also conjoins with US Route 33 in Marysville for about 5 miles (8.0 km). The Birthplace of Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th President of the United States, 17 E. William St., Delaware, OH, is on the north side of US 36 .2 miles (0.32 km) west of the US 23 overpass. Interestingly, his birthplace (abbreviated BP) is now a BP gas station; the home was demolished in 1926 and the location is marked with a historical monument.[3][4]

Major intersections[edit]

36 crossing the Missouri River on the Pony Express Bridge in St. Joseph. I-229 parallels the river.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Droz, Robert V. U.S. Highways : From US 1 to (US 830). URL accessed 02:55, 4 July 2006 (UTC).
  2. ^ http://www.dot.state.oh.us/Divisions/Planning/TechServ/TIM/Pages/BasicRoadInventory.aspx Ohio Department of Transportation: State System Basic Road Inventory
  3. ^ http://www.presidentsusa.net/hayesbirthplace.html Rutherford B. Hayes birthplace Accessed 25 Apr 2014
  4. ^ http://www.roadsideamerica.com/tip/5862 Delaware, Ohio: Gas Station Birthplace of Rutherford B. Hayes Accessed 24 Apr 2014

External links[edit]

Browse numbered routes
SH 35 CO SH 36
I-35 KS K-39
I-35 MO Route 37
IL 35 IL IL 37
US 35 List of State Roads in Indiana SR 37