United States Secretary of Commerce
|Secretary of Commerce of the United States of America|
Flag of the Secretary of Commerce
Seal of the Department of Commerce
|U.S. Department of Commerce|
|Reports to||The President|
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Constituting instrument||15 U.S.C. § 1501|
|Formation||March 15, 1913|
|First holder||William Cox Redfield|
(presidential line of succession)
|Deputy||Deputy Secretary of Commerce|
|Salary||Executive Schedule, level 1|
The United States Secretary of Commerce is the head of the United States Department of Commerce concerned with business and industry; the Department states its mission to be "to foster, promote, and develop the foreign and domestic commerce". Until 1913 there was one Secretary of Commerce and Labor, uniting this department with the Department of Labor, which is now headed by a separate Secretary of Labor.
The Office of the Secretary contains a Deputy Secretary of Commerce, a Chief of Staff, a Deputy Chief of Staff for Policy, an Assistant Secretary for Commerce and Intergovernmental Affairs, a Chief Financial Officer and Assistant Secretary for Administration, a Chief Information Officer, a General Counsel, an Inspector General, an Office of Business Liaison, an Office of Policy and Strategic Planning, an Office of Public Affairs, an Office of White House Liaison, and an International IPR Enforcement Coordinator.
Commerce Secretaries During the Obama Administration On February 25, 2009, Gary Locke was announced as President Barack Obama's choice for Secretary of Commerce, and his nomination was confirmed by the United States Senate by unanimous consent on March 24, 2009. Locke was sworn in March 26, 2009, by District Judge Richard A. Jones, and he was sworn in by President Obama on May 1, 2009.He resigned on August 11, 2011, to become the United States Ambassador to China.
On May 31, 2011, President Obama nominated John E. Bryson to be U.S. Secretary of Commerce. He was sworn in as the 37th United States Secretary of Commerce on October 21, 2011. On June 11, 2012, Bryson announced in a memo that he was taking a medical leave of absence. On June 21, 2012, Bryson announced he was resigning as Secretary of Commerce. Deputy Secretary of Commerce Rebecca Blank performed the duties of Secretary of Commerce until May 31, 2013, when she resigned to become Chancellor of the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Cameron Kerry was appointed Acting Secretary of Commerce on June 1, 2013 and served until June 23, 2013.
The line of succession for the Secretary of Commerce is as follows:
- Deputy Secretary of Commerce
- General Counsel of the Department of Commerce
- Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade
- Under Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs
- Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
- Under Secretary of Commerce for Technology
- Under Secretary of Commerce for Export Administration
- Chief Financial Officer of the Department of Commerce and Assistant Secretary of Commerce in charge of Administration
- Assistant Secretary for Legislative and Intergovernmental Affairs
List of Secretaries of Commerce
|No.||Portrait||Name||State of Residence||Took Office||Left Office||President(s)|
|1||William C. Redfield||New York||March 5, 1913||October 31, 1919||Woodrow Wilson|
|2||Joshua W. Alexander||Missouri||December 16, 1919||March 4, 1921|
|3||Herbert Hoover||California||March 5, 1921||August 21, 1928||Warren G. Harding|
|4||William F. Whiting||Massachusetts||August 22, 1928||March 4, 1929|
|5||Robert P. Lamont||Illinois||March 5, 1929||August 7, 1932||Herbert Hoover|
|6||Roy D. Chapin||Michigan||August 8, 1932||March 3, 1933|
|7||Daniel C. Roper||South Carolina||March 4, 1933||December 23, 1938||Franklin Roosevelt|
|8||Harry Hopkins||New York||December 24, 1938||September 18, 1940|
|9||Jesse H. Jones||Texas||September 19, 1940||March 1, 1945|
|10||Henry A. Wallace||Iowa||March 2, 1945||September 20, 1946|
|Harry S. Truman|
|September 20, 1946||October 7, 1946|
|11||W. Averell Harriman||New York||October 7, 1946||April 22, 1948|
|12||Charles W. Sawyer||Ohio||May 6, 1948||January 20, 1953|
|13||Sinclair Weeks||Massachusetts||January 21, 1953||November 10, 1958||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|West Virginia||November 13, 1958||June 30, 1959|
|14||Frederick H. Mueller||Michigan||June 30, 1959||August 10, 1959|
|August 10, 1959||January 19, 1961|
|15||Luther H. Hodges||North Carolina||January 21, 1961||January 15, 1965||John F. Kennedy|
|16||John T. Connor||New Jersey||January 18, 1965||January 31, 1967|
|17||Alexander Trowbridge||New York||January 31, 1967||June 14, 1967|
|June 14, 1967||March 1, 1968|
|18||C. R. Smith||New York||March 6, 1968||January 19, 1969|
|19||Maurice Stans||New York||January 21, 1969||February 15, 1972||Richard Nixon|
|20||Peter Peterson||Illinois||February 29, 1972||February 1, 1973|
|21||Frederick B. Dent||South Carolina||February 2, 1973||March 26, 1975|
|22||Rogers Morton||Maryland||May 1, 1975||February 2, 1976|
|23||Elliot Richardson||Massachusetts||February 2, 1976||January 20, 1977|
|24||Juanita M. Kreps||North Carolina||January 23, 1977||October 31, 1979||Jimmy Carter|
|-||Luther H. Hodges, Jr.
|North Carolina||October 31, 1979||January 9, 1980|
|25||Philip Klutznick||Illinois||January 9, 1980||January 20, 1981|
|26||Malcolm Baldrige, Jr.||Connecticut||January 20, 1981||July 25, 1987||Ronald Reagan|
|-||Clarence J. Brown Jr.
|Ohio||July 25, 1987||October 19, 1987|
|27||William Verity, Jr.||Ohio||October 19, 1987||January 30, 1989|
|28||Robert Mosbacher||Texas||January 31, 1989||January 15, 1992||George H. W. Bush|
|-||Rockwell A. Schnabel
|January 15, 1992||February 27, 1992|
|29||Barbara Franklin||Pennsylvania||February 27, 1992||January 20, 1993|
|30||Ron Brown||New York||January 22, 1993||April 3, 1996||Bill Clinton|
|31||Mickey Kantor||Tennessee||April 12, 1996||January 21, 1997|
|32||William M. Daley||Illinois||January 30, 1997||July 19, 2000|
|-||Robert L. Mallett
|July 19, 2000||July 21, 2000|
|33||Norman Mineta||California||July 21, 2000||January 20, 2001|
|34||Donald Evans||Texas||January 20, 2001||February 7, 2005||George W. Bush|
|35||Carlos Gutierrez||Florida||February 7, 2005||January 20, 2009|
|-||Otto J. Wolff
|January 20, 2009||March 26, 2009||Barack Obama|
|36||Gary Locke||Washington||March 26, 2009||August 1, 2011|
|Minnesota||August 1, 2011||October 21, 2011|
|37||John Bryson||New York||October 21, 2011||June 11, 2012|
|Minnesota||June 11, 2012||June 1, 2013|
|Massachusetts||June 1, 2013||June 26, 2013|
|38||Penny Pritzker||Illinois||June 26, 2013||Incumbent|
Living former Secretaries of Commerce
- Peter Peterson
- Frederick B. Dent
- Barbara Hackman Franklin
- Mickey Kantor
- William M. Daley
- Norman Mineta
- Donald Evans
- Carlos Gutierrez
- Gary Locke
- John Bryson
- "US Department of Commerce, Directives Management Program". Retrieved September 22, 2007.
- "Milestones". U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved October 2, 2011.
- "Department of Commerce - Commerce Organization". Retrieved September 22, 2007.
- "Penny Pritzker Sworn in as 38th Secretary of Commerce". Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- "White House: Bryson to take medical leave". Retrieved 11 June 2012.
- Cameron F. Kerry, Acting Secretary of Commerce | Department of Commerce. Commerce.gov. Retrieved on 2013-08-12.
- "Executive Order on Succession at the Department of Commerce". Retrieved September 22, 2007.
|United States presidential line of succession|
Secretary of Agriculture
|10th in line||Succeeded by
Secretary of Labor