|Owner:||Finnish Border Guard|
|Ordered:||21 December 2011|
|Builder:||STX Finland Rauma shipyard, Finland|
|Cost:||97 million euro|
|Laid down:||25 February 2013|
|Launched:||2 August 2013|
|Sponsored by:||Päivi Räsänen|
|Completed:||9 May 2014|
|General characteristics |
|Type:||Offshore patrol vessel|
|Tonnage:||660 DWT (design draught)
1,800 DWT (maximum)
|Length:||95.9 m (315 ft)|
|Beam:||17.4 m (57 ft)|
|Draft:||5.0 m (16 ft)|
|Installed power:||1 × Wärtsilä 12V34DF (6,400 kW)
2 × Wärtsilä 6L34DF (2 × 3,000 kW)
|Propulsion:||Combined diesel-electric and diesel (CODLAD); one controllable pitch propeller and two azimuth thrusters|
|Speed:||18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph)|
|Boats & landing
|Covered patrol boat
Rigid-hulled inflatable boat
|Cassidian TRS-3D 3D radar|
|Armament:||Can be armed during crisis|
Turva is a Finnish offshore patrol vessel. Built in 2014 by STX Finland Rauma shipyard for the Finnish Border Guard, she is the largest vessel of the fleet as well as the first patrol vessel in the world powered by liquefied natural gas (LNG).
Development and construction
In the second supplemental budget of 2009, the Government of Finland reserved 57 million euro for the procurement of a new offshore patrol vessel for the Finnish Border Guard. In addition, a further 10.4 million euro was reserved for the design and development of the new vessel in 2009–2010. However, it was found out that the allocated funds would not be enough to purchase a vessel that would fulfill the requirements, so in the third supplemental budget of 2011 the funding was increased by 70 percent, bringing the price of the vessel to 97 million euro and making her the most expensive patrol vessel ever constructed in Finland.
The development of the new offshore patrol vessel was carried out in close co-operation with the Finnish Environment Institute and STX Finland Rauma shipyard which presented the UVL10 (Ulkovartiolaiva 2010, Finnish for "offshore patrol vessel 2010") concept to the public in October 2011. As part of the design process, model tests were carried out by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland and Aker Arctic. On 21 December 2011, the Finnish Border Guard officially awarded the contract for the construction of the new offshore patrol vessel, which would provide over 400 man-years of work to the builder and had a domestic concent of about 90 percent, to STX Finland Rauma shipyard with the initial deliverey date set in November 2013. The shipyard had an option for a sister vessel, but no funding was secured for the second offshore patrol ship.
The steel cutting ceremony, which marks the official start of production, was held in Rauma on 22 October 2012 and the keel of vessel, identified by its yard number as "newbuilding 1385", was laid on 25 February 2013. A naming contest was also announced by the Finnish Border Guard. On 2 August 2013, the ship was launched and her sponsor, Minister of the Interior Päivi Räsänen, gave her the name Turva, Finnish for "safety" or "security". The name was chosen out of 1,358 proposals and has previously been used for a 1977-built patrol vessel that was sold to a private owner in 2007. The construction of the new offshore patrol vessel was slightly delayed and Turva began her first sea trials on 25 February 2014. About a month later, on 21 March, the vessel left for the second sea trials. Turva was completed and handed over to the Finnish Border Guard on 9 May 2014. However, her departure from Rauma was slightly delayed due to damage to one of her tanks during commissioning.
Turva will replace three smaller vessels: 1999-built Telkkä (sold to Norwegian interest), 2002-built Tavi (sold to UK Border Force and renamed HMC Protector) and 2004-built Tiira (sold together with Telkkä). The old vessels were not strengthened for navigation in ice and their oil recovery capability was not deemed adequate for dealing with the increased traffic in the Gulf of Finland.
On 16 September 2013, STX Finland decided to close the shipyard in June 2014 and for a while it looked like Turva would be the last new vessel built in Rauma where ships have been built for over 300 years. However, a new shipbuilding company, Rauma Marine Constructions, will take over the shipyard in the summer of 2014.
Turva is 95.9 metres (315 ft) long and 17.4 metres (57 ft) wide, making her the largest vessel ever commissioned by the Finnish Border Guard as well as longer than any existing or past vessel commissioned by the Finnish Navy. Fully laden, she draws 5 metres (16 ft) of water. At design draught, the vessel has a deadweight tonnage of 660 tonnes while her maximum deadweight is around 1,800 tonnes. Her complement will be approximately 30.
The main purposes of the new offshore patrol vessel are open sea patrol and ensuring border safety. Turva carries a rigid-hulled inflatable boat and a larger patrol boat, both stowed in covered recesses, that can be used to carry a vessel inspection teams to intercepted ships. While the vessel does not have a hangar, the forward helipad with folding "wings" is large enough for receiving and refueling a Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma, the largest type of helicopter operated by the Finnish Border Guard, during search-and-rescue operations at sea. Turva is the first Finnish patrol vessel fitted with such capability. For surveillance, Turva has a Cassidian TRS-3D 3D radar—the same used in the Hamina-class missile boats and Hämeenmaa-class minelayers of the Finnish Navy—and extensive command and control systems which allow the ship to direct large rescue operations both in the air and on the surface. Although no details have been released, the vessel is also fitted with underwater surveillance systems.
Turva is also equipped for rescue operations, firefighting, emergency towing and demanding environmental duties. She can perform mechanical recovery of spilled oil with built-in recovery systems in open water, either by using conventional outriggers and booms in calm seas or a stiff steel boom and a special wave-dampening channel in heavy weather. The oil recovery system has been manufactured by the Finnish company Mobimar which has also provided equipment for other Finnish patrol vessels. Furthermore, the vessel is also fitted for but not with equipment capable of recovering oil in ice conditions. The internal storage tanks are dimensioned for 1,000 cubic metres (35,000 cu ft) of recovered oil and 200 cubic metres (7,100 cu ft) of recovered chemicals. The 350 square metres (3,800 sq ft) open aft deck is covered with tropical hardwood, Iroko. For diving support and oil recovery tasks, Turva carries a small workboat.
The blue-and-white colouring, inspited by the flag of Finland, is a departure from the traditional green hull utilized by Finnish Border Guard. It will be the standard for all future ships as well.
Power and propulsion
Turva is powered by three environmentally friendly Wärtsilä 34DF series dual-fuel engines capable of burning both diesel fuel as well as liquified natural gas (LNG). For redundancy and safe return to port, the engines are arranged in two independent engine rooms divided by a watertight bulkhead. In the aft engine room, a 12-cylinder Wärtsilä 12V34DF producing 6,400 kW (8,600 hp) is mechanically coupled to a controllable pitch propeller. In the forward engine room, two 6-cylinder 6L34DF generating sets with an output of 3,000 kW (4,000 hp) each produce power for two electrically-driven Rolls-Royce Azipull AZP120CP Z-drive azimuth thrusters. If the forward engine room is damaged, the shaft generator coupled to the bigger engine can be used to produce electricity for the azimuth thrusters, which are required for steering the vessel as she has no separate rudders, and other onboard systems. Since the azimuth thrusters are powered by electric motors and the centerline shaft is mechanically coupled to the main engine, the propulsion system as a whole could be referred to as "combined diesel-electric and diesel" (CODLAD). Turva is the first ship fitted with this type of propulsion arrangement—two azimuth thrusters and a centerline shaft—which was originally developed for icebreakers and icegoing LNG carriers. For maneuvering and DP2 class dynamic positioning, the ship has a transverse bow thruster and a retractable azimuth thruster in the bow.
Turva is the first LNG-powered offshore patrol vessel as well as only the second LNG-powered ship (after Viking Grace) to enter service in Finland. Unlike in the ferry, which has two deck-mounted LNG storage tanks, the single fuel tank in Turva is built inside the vessel.
The service speed of the vessel will be 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph) and despite her bulbous bow she will also be capable of breaking level ice up to 80 centimetres (31 in) in thickness. With a bollard pull of approximately 100 tonnes, Turva is capable of towing even the largest tankers regularly sailing in the Baltic Sea.
- Rajavartiolaitoksen uusi ulkovartiolaiva. Rajavartiolaitos. Retrieved on 2013-06-21.
- CASSIDIAN equips new Finnish Border Guard Patrol Vessel with high-performance Naval Radar. Cassidian, 10 August 2012. Retrieved on 2013-07-26.
- Sisäasiainministeri Anne Holmlund: Lähivuosina panostetaan erityisesti Itämeren turvallisuuteen ja merellisen ympäristön suojeluun. Sisäasianministeriö, 15 September 2009. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
- Uusi ulkovartiolaiva on kallein vartioalus koskaan. Turun Sanomat, 23 November 2011. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
- Tavi on kaupan Katajanokan laiturissa. Helsingin Sanomat, 28 January 2013. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
- Rajavartiolaitokselle uuden sukupolven ulkovartiolaiva. Rajavartiolaitos, 7 October 2011. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
- Kuvagalleria. Rajavartiolaitos. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
- Rajavartiolaitos ja STX Rauman telakka ovat sopineet uuden sukupolven ulkovartiolaivan rakentamisesta. Rajavartiolaitos, 21 December 2012. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
- STX Finland and the Finnish Border Guard sign an agreement on offshore patrol vessel. STX Finland, 21 December 2011. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
- Ulkovartiolaiva kastettiin Turvaksi. Länsi-Suomi, 2 August 2013. Retrieved on 2013-08-02.
- Rajavartiolaitoksen ulkovartiolaivan tuotannonaloitus STX Rauman telakalla. Rajavartiolaitos, 22 October 2012. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
- Uuden ulkovartiolaivan kölinlasku STX Finlandin Rauman telakalla. Rajavartiolaitos, 25 February 2013. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
- Rajavartiolaitoksen ulkovartiolaivan nimikilpailu päättynyt. Rajavartiolaitos, 4 June 2013. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
- Ulkovartiolaivan kastetilaisuus ja vesillelasku STX Finlandin Rauman telakalla. Rajavartiolaitos, 2 August 2013. Retrieved on 2013-08-02.
- Perjantaina nimen saanut Rajan ulkovartiolaiva Turva on kopteritukialus. Lentoposti.fi, 2 August 2013. Retrieved on 2013-08-03.
- The Finnish Turva class offshore patrol vessel. R.I.N.A. Symposium on Small Fast Warships and Security Vessels, London, 18–21 May 1982, Paper No.22.
- Ulkovartiolaiva Turva luovutettiin Rajavartiolaitokselle. Aamulehti, 9 May 2014. Retrieved on 2014-05-10.
- Ulkovartiolaiva Turva sai vaurion – sitä korjataan yhä Rauman telakalla. Länsi-Suomi, 30 May 2014. Retrieved on 2014-04-10.
- Rajavartiolaitoksen vartiolaivat Telkkä ja Tiira myydään Norjaan. Ministry of the Interior, 7 November 2013. Retrieved on 2014-04-12.
- Rajavartiolaitoksen laiva myytiin Britanniaan. Ilta-Sanomat 29 August 2013. Retrieved on 2014-04-12.
- Musta maanantai: STX:n Rauman telakka lopetetaan. YLE, 16 September 2013. Retrieved on 2013-09-28.
- Rauman uusi telakka puhuu 1000:n työllistämisestä. Taloussanomat, 12 June 2014. Retrieved on 2014-06-12.
- Vko 21: Rungon koonti etenee ja johtamisjärjestelmää testataan. Rajavartiolaitos, 19 July 2013. Retrieved on 2013-08-03.
- Monikäyttöinen Turva. Reserviläinen 6/2013, page 14.
- Valtion öljyntorjunta-alukset. Suomen Ympäristökeskus. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
- Vko 36, 1: Puuta ja maalia pintaan. Rajavartiolaitos, 11 December 2013. Retrieved on 2013-12-22.
- Vko 40: Työvene tuli Norjasta. Rajavartiolaitos, 17 December 2013. Retrieved on 2013-12-22.
- Niini, M. (2013): Last year's achievements and the way ahead. Aker Arctic Technology. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
- Vko 30: Potkurille lavat. Rajavartiolaitos, 24 July 2013. Retrieved on 2013-07-26.
- Vko 19: Lohkoja varustellaan. Rajavartiolaitos, 4 June 2013. Retrieved on 2014-04-12.