U Street (WMATA station)

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U Street
African-American Civil War Memorial/Cardozo
U St-African-Amer Civil War Memorial-Cardozo Station.jpg
Station statistics
Address 1240 U Street NW
Washington, D.C. 20009
Line(s) Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Connections WMATA Metrobus: 63, 64, 90, 92, 93, 96, X3
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened May 11, 1991
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Station code E03
Owned by WMATA
Formerly

U Street-Cardozo (1991-1999),

U Street African-American Civil War Memorial/Cardozo (1999-2011)
Traffic
Passengers (2011) 2.859 million[1]
Services
Preceding station   WMATA Metro Logo.svg Washington Metro   Following station
Green Line
toward Greenbelt
toward Huntington
Yellow Line
toward Fort Totten

U Street is a rapid transit station on the Green Line and Yellow Line of the Washington Metro in Washington, D.C..


Station layout[edit]

Corridor to 13th Street entrance. Painted murals depict African-American musicians dancing in the street, an homage to U Street's cultural heritage
G Street Level Exit/ Entrance
M Mezzanine One-way faregates, ticket machines, station agent
P
Platform level
Southbound Green Line Green Line toward Branch Avenue (Shaw – Howard University)
Yellow Line Yellow Line toward Huntington (Shaw – Howard University)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Northbound Green Line Green Line toward Greenbelt (Columbia Heights)
Yellow Line Yellow Line toward Fort Totten (Columbia Heights)

U Street station has a single island platform with entrances at opposite ends, both on U Street at 10th and 13th Streets. Like nearly all non-interchange stations on the Metro, there are two tracks: trains using track E1 head to Greenbelt during normal service, while those on E2 are bound for Branch Avenue. This station was among the last to feature the 22-coffer "waffle" ceiling vault design.

History[edit]

Plans for rapid transit prior to the creation of WMATA in February 1967 focused on the needs of commuters while neglecting some of the District's less affluent neighborhoods.[2] Riots following the assassination of Martin Luther King in 1968 destroyed much of the commercial district around 14th and U Streets and planners hoped that adding a subway stop in that area would stimulate redevelopment.[3] The original 1969 plan called for a line under 13th Street NW with just two stations. However, in 1970, the District of Columbia Council agreed to pay an additional $3 million to add a third station and reroute the Green Line under U Street, and then 14th Street NW.[4] Instead of opening in 1976, the first Green Line stations, including U Street, opened in 1991.[4]

Trains originally serviced this station as Yellow Line trains until Green Line service was formally introduced later that year.[5] Yellow Line service resumed in late 2006 as part of what was initially an 18-month experiment to extend that line to Fort Totten station during non-rush hours and weekends.

On June 10, 2001, Metro Transit Police Officer Marlon C. Morales was killed in the line of duty at this station, while intervening in a fare dispute. A plaque exists outside the 13th Street entrance in his honor.[6]

"Cardozo" was added to the name just before opening, and refers to the nearby Cardozo High School. "African-Amer Civil War Memorial" was added in 1999 when the African American Civil War Memorial was completed at U Street and Vermont Ave NW. With this designation, this station had the longest name in the Metro system, at 44 characters; the shortest station name is Takoma. On November 3, 2011, the station was renamed to "U Street" with "African American Civil War Memorial / Cardozo" as a subtitle.[7]

Location[edit]

U Street station is located in northwest Washington and serves the U Street neighborhood; nearby attractions include the Lincoln Theatre, the historic restaurant Ben's Chili Bowl, and several nightclubs, including The Black Cat and the 9:30 Club. The station is approximately five blocks east of the neighborhood of Adams Morgan.

Notable places nearby include:

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to U Street (WMATA station) at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 38°54′59.4″N 77°1′43″W / 38.916500°N 77.02861°W / 38.916500; -77.02861