U Street (WMATA station)
African-American Civil War Memorial/Cardozo
|Address||1240 U Street NW
Washington, D.C. 20009
|Line(s)|| Green Line
|Connections||Metrobus: 63, 64, 90, 92, 93, 96, X3|
|Platforms||1 island platform|
|Opened||May 11, 1991|
U Street-Cardozo (1991-1999),U Street African-American Civil War Memorial/Cardozo (1999-2011)
|Passengers (2011)||2.859 million|
|G||Street Level||Exit/ Entrance|
|M||Mezzanine||One-way faregates, ticket machines, station agent|
|Southbound||← Green Line toward Branch Avenue (Shaw – Howard University)
← Yellow Line toward Huntington (Shaw – Howard University)
|Island platform, doors will open on the left|
|Northbound||→ Green Line toward Greenbelt (Columbia Heights) →
→ Yellow Line toward Fort Totten (Columbia Heights) →
U Street station has a single island platform with entrances at opposite ends, both on U Street at 10th and 13th Streets. Like nearly all non-interchange stations on the Metro, there are two tracks: trains using track E1 head to Greenbelt during normal service, while those on E2 are bound for Branch Avenue. This station was among the last to feature the 22-coffer "waffle" ceiling vault design.
Plans for rapid transit prior to the creation of WMATA in February 1967 focused on the needs of commuters while neglecting some of the District's less affluent neighborhoods. Riots following the assassination of Martin Luther King in 1968 destroyed much of the commercial district around 14th and U Streets and planners hoped that adding a subway stop in that area would stimulate redevelopment. The original 1969 plan called for a line under 13th Street NW with just two stations. However, in 1970, the District of Columbia Council agreed to pay an additional $3 million to add a third station and reroute the Green Line under U Street, and then 14th Street NW. Instead of opening in 1976, the first Green Line stations, including U Street, opened in 1991.
Trains originally serviced this station as Yellow Line trains until Green Line service was formally introduced later that year. Yellow Line service resumed in late 2006 as part of what was initially an 18-month experiment to extend that line to Fort Totten station during non-rush hours and weekends.
On June 10, 2001, Metro Transit Police Officer Marlon C. Morales was killed in the line of duty at this station, while intervening in a fare dispute. A plaque exists outside the 13th Street entrance in his honor.
"Cardozo" was added to the name just before opening, and refers to the nearby Cardozo High School. "African-Amer Civil War Memorial" was added in 1999 when the African American Civil War Memorial was completed at U Street and Vermont Ave NW. With this designation, this station had the longest name in the Metro system, at 44 characters; the shortest station name is Takoma. On November 3, 2011, the station was renamed to "U Street" with "African American Civil War Memorial / Cardozo" as a subtitle.
U Street station is located in northwest Washington and serves the U Street neighborhood; nearby attractions include the Lincoln Theatre, the historic restaurant Ben's Chili Bowl, and several nightclubs, including The Black Cat and the 9:30 Club. The station is approximately five blocks east of the neighborhood of Adams Morgan.
Notable places nearby include:
- African American Civil War Memorial
- Ben's Chili Bowl
- The Black Cat
- Lincoln Theatre
- Meridian Hill Park
- 9:30 Club
- 14th & U Streets neighborhood profile WDCEP Retrieved 2012-05-16
- Schrag at p. 106.
- Schrag at p. 211-12.
- Schrag at p. 213.
- world.nycsubway.org/United States/Washington, D.C
- Metro press release: Metro Transit Police to Honor Officer Marlon Morales With a Special Plaque at the U Street-African American Civil War Memorial/Cardozo Metrorail Station
- "Station names updated for new map" (Press release). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. 2011-11-03. Archived from the original on 2011-11-05. Retrieved 2013-02-18.
Media related to U Street (WMATA station) at Wikimedia Commons
- WMATA: U Street Station
- StationMasters Online: U Street Station
- The Schumin Web Transit Center: U Street Station
- 10th Street entrance from Google Maps Street View
- 13th Street entrance from Google Maps Street View