|Overseas collectivity||French Polynesia|
|• Mayor||Joseph Kaiha|
|• Land||106 km2 (41 sq mi)|
|Population (August 2007 census)|
|• Population1 Density||20/km2 (53/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||98757 / 98745|
|Elevation||0–1,230 m (0–4,040 ft)|
|1 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.|
Ua Pu (French: Ua Pou, North Marquesan: ’uapou) is the third largest of the Marquesas Islands, in French Polynesia, an overseas territory of France in the Pacific Ocean. It is located about 50 km (30 mi.) south of Nuku Hiva, in the northern Marquesas. Until the beginning of the 1980s, it was the most populous of the Marquesas Islands, because when the other islands were being ravaged by diseases introduced by European explorers and traders, the Catholic priests on the island finally took to quarantining the remnant of the native population inside their churches whenever visiting ships approached the island, thereby reducing their exposure to external diseases.
The center of the island is characterized by four high basalt pillars that reach high above the surrounding mountains. The highest of these pillars, Mount Oave (Mont Oave), reaches to 1,230 m (4,035 ft.) above sea level and is the highest elevation in the Marquesas.
The island covers an area of 106 km (41 sq. mi.), and is located just northwest of the small island of Motu Oa. The population in 2007 was 2,157. The largest settlement is Hakahau (fr), on Hakahau Bay, on the northeast coast.
Administratively Ua Pu forms the commune (municipality) of Ua-Pou, part of the administrative subdivision of the Marquesas Islands. This commune consists solely of the island of Ua Pu and its offshore rocks. It is subdivided into two associated communes: Hakahau and Hakamaii.
The administrative center of the commune is the settlement of Hakahau, located within the associated commune of Hakahau, on the north-eastern shore of the island.
Prior to the island's unification, reportedly about 1585, there is evidence that the tribes of Ua Pu were sometimes united in war with the tribes of Te I'i on Nuku Hiva against those of Tai Pi. Despite the fact that tribes from both the eastern and western halves of Ua Pu were often united in war against each other, however, it appears that such differences among them were not considered when members of tribes from either side of the island sought refuge among the tribes of Te I'i on Nuku Hiva.
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