Ubatuba

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Município da Estância Balneária de Ubatuba
Ubatuba
municipality
Ubatuba and the view of Mirante do Saco da Ribeira
Ubatuba and the view of Mirante do Saco da Ribeira
Flag of Município da Estância Balneária de Ubatuba
Flag
Official seal of Município da Estância Balneária de Ubatuba
Seal
Nickname(s): Capital do Surf (Surf capital), Uba Chuva
Motto: Servavit Patria
Location in the state of São Paulo and Brazil
Location in the state of São Paulo and Brazil
Coordinates: 23°26′22″S 45°4′12″W / 23.43944°S 45.07000°W / -23.43944; -45.07000Coordinates: 23°26′22″S 45°4′12″W / 23.43944°S 45.07000°W / -23.43944; -45.07000
Country Brazil
Region Southeast
State São Paulo
Settled October 28, 1637
Government
 • Mayor Maurício Moromizato (PT)
Area
 • Total 712 km2 (130 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2006)[1]
 • Total 81,246
Ranked 74th
 • Density 114.1/km2 (296/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Postal code 11680-000
Website City Hall website

Ubatuba is a Brazilian city, located on the southeast coast, in the state of São Paulo. The population in 2010 was 78,801, its density was 110.87 hab/km² with an area of 712 km².

Ubatuba is linked with the Rodovia Longitudinal or the BR-101 and is also located east of São Paulo and east/north/east of Santos and west of Rio de Janeiro. The city lies on the Tropic of Capricorn.

The urban area is mainly concentrated in the Atlantic and valley areas. The city frequently receives rain, hence the nickname Uba Chuva (chuva being Portuguese for "rain"). Much of the land to the north is forested and mountainous, forming a part of the Serra do Mar mountains. Serra do Mar State Park covers 83% of the city and has few connector roads through the mountain range. A marine park was created under Projeto TAMAR (Project Tamar) to protect sea turtles. In addition, the Oceanographic Institute of the University of São Paulo runs the Clarimundo de Jesus research base in Ubatuba.

Ubatuba is an important tourist city, receiving tourists from many parts of Brazil. Ubatuba features over 100 beaches. Among these are Maranduba, Lázaro, Itamambuca, Vermelha, Grande, Enseada, Perequê, and Saco da Ribeira. Ubatuba also features an island named Anchieta after José de Anchieta. It has been a nature preserve since March 22, 1977.

Ubatuba is considered, by law, as "The Surf Capital of São Paulo State". The city has received this honour because more than ten important surf contests are held off its beaches every year, including two world qualifying series, two Super Surf Pro series, and other competitions supported by such well-established brands as Billabong, Quiksilver and Dunkelvolk (which sponsored the 2009 edition of Ubatuba Surf Contest with more than 120 athletes).

Lately, the city is also known by its biodiversity, especially in relation to birds. There are more than 565 different birds species already identified (as of April 2012), what has each day attracted more and more birdwatchers.

History[edit]

Point where the Tropic of Capricorn crosses the city.

The origin of the name comes from the Tupi words uyba (arrows or canoes) and tuba (many). Ubatuba was the place where the Portuguese signed the first treaty of peace of the Americas with the Tupinambá Indians (The Treaty of Peace of Yperoig - Tratado de Paz de Iperoig), a treaty that kept Brazil in Portuguese hands, with only one language and one faith (Catholicism). Back in the 16th century the Tupinambá families were forced into slavery, working on sugar cane plantations along the Southern Shores surrounding the towns of Saint Vincent and Itanhaém, a region also called "Morpion" at that time (according to André Thévet - "Singularités de la France Antarctique").

The Tupinambá responded to this outrage with the Tamoio Confederation, a powerful military alliance that stood to destroy Saint Vincent, with the help of the French, who had founded a Protestant refugee colony, France Antarctique in Guanabara Bay before the foundation of Rio de Janeiro. The Portuguese set two Jesuit priests, Fathers Anchieta and Nobrega, to Ubatuba (a tribe named Yperoig), to make peace with the Tupinambá Indians. Anchieta was kept as a hostage and Nobrega returned to Saint Vincent along with the Chief Cunhambebe to make arrangements for the final Treaty. The Portuguese won, destroying France Antarctique and keeping the land.

Beaches,from the left: Praia Vermelha do Sul, Praia Brava do Sul, and Praia Dura

Population history in numbers[edit]

Year Population Density
2003 72,857 102.33/km²
2004 76,847 107.93/km²
2010 78,801 110.68/km²

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Ubatuba, Brazil
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
28
(82)
26
(79)
25
(77)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
26
(79)
28
(82)
26.8
(80.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
22
(72)
20
(68)
18
(64)
18
(64)
19
(66)
20
(68)
21
(70)
22
(72)
24
(75)
21.5
(70.7)
Average low °C (°F) 21
(70)
21
(70)
20
(68)
18
(64)
15
(59)
14
(57)
13
(55)
14
(57)
16
(61)
17
(63)
18
(64)
20
(68)
17.3
(63.1)
Rainfall mm (inches) 366
(14.41)
302
(11.89)
315
(12.4)
244
(9.61)
125
(4.92)
84
(3.31)
106
(4.17)
91
(3.58)
170
(6.69)
222
(8.74)
259
(10.2)
361
(14.21)
2,645
(104.13)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 105 106 106 102 109 106 110 104 78 73 83 92 1,174
Source: The Weather Network [2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]