Poblacion, Ubay (town proper)
|Nickname(s): The Friendliest Town of Bohol
Town of Warmest Friendship
|Motto: Onward Ubay|
Map of Bohol showing the location of Ubay
|Region||Central Visayas (Region VII)|
|District||2nd District of Bohol|
|Founded||January 15, 1844|
|Town Established||October 5, 1877|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Galicano E. Atup. (Liberal)|
|• Vice Mayor||Nelson L. Uy (Liberal)|
|• Town Council|
|• ABC President||Lolita Ceballos|
|• SKF President||Mel Jorence Tanjay|
|• Total||335.06 km2 (129.37 sq mi)|
|• Density||200/km2 (530/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||1st Class|
|Standard Geographic Code||071246000|
Ubay is a first class municipality in the island province of Bohol, Philippines. Ubay lies of the northeastern part of the province, and has a land area of approximately 335.06 square kilometers (129.37 sq mi), with about 61 kilometres (38 mi) of coastline. As of the 2010 census, it has a population of 68,578 persons, making Ubay as the largest and most populated municipality in Bohol.
Ubay celebrates its town fiesta every 29 January in honor of the patron saint.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 Geography
- 3 History
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Tourism and Culture
- 7 Local government
- 8 Infrastructure
- 9 Education
- 10 Communication and mass media
- 11 Notable Ubayanos
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The town's name is a contraction of the term ubay-ubay, meaning "alongside".
According to the Diccionario Español-Bisaya, 1885 by Fr. Juan Feliz dela Encarnacion, the Bisayan word "ubay" means, a.) To accompany other in bed or along the side, be they persons or animals. b.) The running, flow or rivers, streams, etc. from one place to another. c.) A little bit much or somewhat plenty as when someone inquires about the bounties of a harvest or fish catch.
The flow of seawater between the mainland and the Island of Lapinig Grande (now Pres. C.P. Garcia town) could justify the second definition of Ubay. It is a situation that is permanent and the constant reference to the flow of water can make the term ubay be attached as the name of the place. Therefore the name of Ubay is a cachetonym or a name taken from a prominent feature of the place.
The town is situated east of Trinidad, north of Alicia and Mabini, northeast of San Miguel and is about 124 kilometres (77 mi) northeast from the provincial capital, Tagbilaran City, 636 kilometres (395 mi) southeast of Manila and 71 kilometres (44 mi) east of Cebu City.
Ubay is politically subdivided into 44 barangays. These barangays are further subdivided into eight districts. Below is the list of barangays, which also includes their respective population size, land area, population density, district assignment, and date of their barrio fiesta
|District||Date of Barrio
||Last Saturday of April|
||May 8 & Nov. 27|
||Last Friday of January|
||Last Saturday of April|
Precipitation is throughout the year making agriculture favorable. Two climate conditions exist: Type D, which is characterized by rainfall more or less evenly distributed all year round and Type E, with no dry season and a very pronounced maximum rainfall from November to January.
Type E affects the eastern part of Ubay and Type D affects the western part of Ubay.
|Climate data for Ubay, Bohol|
|Average high °C (°F)||29
|Average low °C (°F)||23
|Precipitation mm (inches)||415
Before the Spanish regime, Ubay was a part of Talibon. Gregoria "Berudja" Palestina y Reyes became the leader of the community and was very much respected by the Ubayanons. On January 15, 1844, it separated from Talibon to become an independent municipality. The first town executive was Toribio Reyes, the only child of Gregoria "Berudja" Palestina y Reyes.
The religious aspect of the town was established much later than the civil aspect of the town. The decree of the Spanish Governor General creating Ubay as a town in the religious aspect is dated October 22, 1877. However, Royal Order No. 695 issued by the King of Spain has the date October 5, 1877.
The civil aspect of the town is obtained from through inference from the records. At the National Archives, there is a yearly publication known as Guia de Forasteros (Guide to Foreigners). The listing from the year 1834 to 1865 is available. The first time that Ubay was listed as town was on year 1844 and listed every year thereafter. Therefore, Ubay became a town in the civil aspect in 1844.
|Population census of Ubay|
When the first national census held in 1903, the municipality has a population 7,355. It continued to grow until 1960 with 32,717 in 1.08 percent annual rate. The population suddenly decreased in 1970 upon the creation of the municipality of Pres. C.P. Garcia, which is used to be a constituent barangay.
Commerce and trade
Ubay has a number of business establishments mostly small-scale commercial trading firms engaged in retail and wholesale. A new public market building was completed recently. The regular market day is Monday and local traders from neighboring towns come to sell their merchandise consisting mostly of agricultural products and small consumer items like used clothes, household utensils and other products. Ubay also provides a market for the neighboring island municipality of Carlos P. Garcia. Local trade with Leyte and Cebu are facilitated by regular daily or twice-daily boat trips to and from Maasin City, Southern Leyte, and Bato, Leyte and Cebu City. Passenger and cargo traffic to these destinations has also noticeably increased over the years indicating an also increasing volume of trade between these points.
Various communication companies (4 phone companies) provided the public with access to local and international communication services. Messengerial, courier and postal services were also available in town. Internal transportation was relatively good because of the presence of good dirt roads crisscrossing the municipal landscape. The most common form of transportation was the tricycle for nearer barangays. For far barangays, the most common mode of transport was the motorcycle. Normally, motorcycle fare was very much higher than other forms but this was the only way to reach these barangays faster. All barangays were connected by roads and the only places where there were no roads were the steep slopes in the central mountains.
Tourism and Culture
Ubay's point of interests, destinations, and attractions include:
- Ubay Stock Farm (USF): Started in 1921 and measures 4,500 hectares, it is the largest and the oldest government livestock facilities in the Philippines. The place was chosen as one of the accredited livestock technology training facility for Visayas and Mindanao. It is located in barangay Lomangog.
- Bohol Experimental Station: The Integrated Agricultural Research Center of Department of Agriculture in Central Visayas. It is a PhilRice's national lead agency for the planning, coordination, implementation, and monitoring of all rice research and development activities in the Philippines. It is stragetically located in barangay Gabi.
- Capayas Dam: One of the largest dams in the province and located along the national highway in barangay Bay-ang. It is the major source of water supply of the town for home use and irrigation.
- Ubay Agri-Park: The first of its kind in the Visayan region was recently launched to boost the agriculture and tourism industries in the area. A 100-hectare land situated along the national highway in Lomangog. Ubay Agri-Park helps to promote agri-tourism or "farm tourism," is also a showcase of Bohol’s advancement in farm technology. Guests or visitors can interact with the park’s personnel on various aspects of farm technology, and they leave the park much richer in agricultural knowledge or production.
- Sinandigan Multi-Species Hatchery: It is the biggest multi-species hatchery farm in the Philipines. A fishery infrastructure and mariculture park established to enable the fish farmers to become totally independent from wild stocks and to promote a more stable food security for the province. The facility is producing fingerlings of various fisheries products such as, but not limited to, milkfish (bangus), groupers (lapulapu), and siganids (kitong, danggit). It also houses a seaweed tissue culture laboratory which aims to rehabilitate quality seagrass planting materials using tissue branch culture, spore shredding and callus cell culture. It is supervised by the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) and inaugurated in April 2011.
- The Gaviola Ancestral House: Located at Poblacion near the Church plaza, this Filipino-Spanish house was the residence of Don Ruperto Gaviola (former mayor of Ubay). The two-storey house has a traditional cut stone ground and a wooden painted ceiling made by Cebuano artist Ray Francia.
The town has a variety of restaurants and food venues. San's Grille chicken Ati-Atihan and Kiddie's restaurant, both located at Col. Mariano St., Poblacion serve a number local Filipino dishes and chicken inasal. Other known dining locales are Perkins Petter Restaurant, Mr. Liempo Ubay, and Sailor's Inn.
- Ube Calamay: It is a purple rice cake, (Calamay) with Ube. This sweet and delightful delicacy is said to be originated from this town because of its large plantations of Ube (purple yam).
- Fried Ube bread: Another mouthwatering delicacy made of ube. It is a deep fried bread filled with purple yam.
Like the Sinulog of Cebu, the Ubay-ubay Festival is the town's own version in celebration and honor of the patron saint, Sr. Santo Niño. This colorful and fascinating festivity is a well-attended event where devotees and tourists flock the town's major roads and venues to view the exciting grand street parade and the festival dance-competition. This celebration often held between the 28th and 30th of January, every year.
Ubay is govern by the Municipal Mayor as head of the municipality. The vice-mayor is the next highest position and act as the presiding officer of Municipal Council. They are elected every three years during the midterm and national elections, and they can serve until three terms of office. The Municipal Council or Sangguniang Bayan is composed of 8 regular members, and the ex officio members that are the Association of Barangay Chairmen President, and the Sangguniang Kabataan Federation President.
List of former Chief Executives of Ubay
|1912 - 1924||Presidente Municipal||Ruperto Gaviola|
|1925 - 1930||Presidente Municipal||Jose Garces|
|1931 - 1935||Presidente Municipal||Carlos Boiser|
|1936 - 1940||Municipal Mayor||Ruperto Gaviola|
|1941 - 1942||Municipal Mayor||Lucio Cutanda|
|1942 - 1943||Military Mayor||Samson Sabalones|
|1944 - 1945||Military Mayor||Frank Lombardo|
|1946 - 1948||Municipal Mayor||Lucio Cutanda|
|1949 -||OIC Municipal Mayor||Marcelo Cuyno|
|1949 - 1952||Municipal Mayor||Lucio Cutanda|
|1953 - 1964||Municipal Mayor||Ricardo Boyles|
|1965 - 1968||Municipal Mayor||Sabiniano Cuyno|
|1969 - 1978||Municipal Mayor||Rufina B. Delima|
|1979 - 1980||OIC Municipal Mayor||Eutiquio M. Bernales Sr.|
|1981 - 1984||Municipal Mayor||Eutiquio M. Bernales Sr.|
|1985 - 1986||OIC Municipal Mayor||Pedro Sarabosing|
|1986 - 1987||OIC Municipal Mayor||Agapito Valleser|
|1987 – 1992||Municipal Mayor||Eliseo Boyles|
|30 Jun 1992 – 30 Jun 1998||Municipal Mayor||Eutiquio M. Bernales Sr.|
|30 Jun 1998 – 30 Jun 2004||Municipal Mayor||Manuel B. Alesna|
|30 Jun 2004 – 30 Jun 2013||Municipal Mayor||Eutiquio M. Bernales Sr.|
|30 Jun 2013 – present||Municipal Mayor||Galicano E. Atup|
The new mayor Galicano E. Atup was elected for his first term as town's chief executive after Eutiquio M. Bernales Sr.
Elected Officials - 2013-2016:
- Mayor: Galicano E. Atup
- Vice Mayor: Nelson L. Uy
- Efren Tanjay
- Constancio Atuel
- Clarita V. Alesna
- Victor Bonghanoy
- Isidore Besas
- Allan Abad
- Eustaquio Bacolod
- Sabiniano Atupan
- Lolita A. Ceballos- ABC President
- Mel Jorence G. Tanjay- SK Federated President
The improvement of the Bohol circumferential road and the port facilities had helped Ubay to become the trading and transportation hub of northeastern Bohol connecting it to the neighboring island of Leyte and the rest of Bohol province.
Land transportation is provided by various short and long-distance buses, jeeps and vans, connecting Ubay to the rest of the towns in the province. Tagbilaran can be reached from Ubay in two to three hours by bus or van. Bolanos Bus Lines, Mega Bus Lines, UltraBus Lines and Silver Star Bus Lines are the bus companies driving the Ubay to Metro Manila (Pasay City / Cubao, Quezon City) route with each bus line having at least one daily trip.
For health services, the town has two public health units staffed by doctors, nurses, midwives, dentists, medical technologists and sanitary inspectors. A small government hospital was established to provide outpatient services to local residents. A private 15-bed hospital also provides services for emergencies. A pediatric and OB-Gyne clinic compliment the health services available in town.
Barangay Health Workers (BHW) from each barangay provided direct health care assistance to barangay residents.
Public order and safety
The local police force was composed of 37 policemen. Police-population ratio was computed at 1:1,616, lower than the standard ratio of 1:1,000. The police was augmented by 492 Barangay Tanod volunteers. It was reported that crime rate in Ubay was relatively low. The local Fire Department was staffed by eight fire fighters with two fire trucks. Incidence of fires was reportedly low in the municipality.
Bohol was linked to the major source of geothermal power in Leyte through the underwater connection between Maasin City, Southern Leyte and Ubay. Presently, only three of the 44 barangays had no electricity, yet only 34.97 percent of the total households in the municipality had electricity compared to the province, which was 58.3 percent energized in 2000 .
The town proper and seven other barangays was served by the Ubay Water and Sanitation Cooperative. The cooperative planned to expand their service to eight other barangays in the near future. Due to consumer demand and the limited size of the supply, water service became difficult during dry months. Bohol province reported that 23.71 percent of its households had their own faucets from a community system while Ubay reported only 8.97 percent.
For the province, 21.68 percent of households had access to shared faucets while Ubay only had 8.86 percent. In Ubay, slightly more than half (51.83%) of the households had access to dug wells.
To meet the increasing demands of growing college, the Bohol Northeastern College was founded in 1996 and established by famous Ubayano great political leaders, Erico B. Aumentado and former governor David B. Tirol. The name was later changed to Bohol Northern Star Colleges in January 2007.
Secondary and high schools
- Biabas Trade High School
- Bohol Northeastern Education Foundation
- Bulilis High School
- Cagting High School
- Camambugan National High School
- Hambabauran High School
- Holy Child Academy
- Icthus Christian Academy
- Sacred Heart Learning and Formation Center
- San Pascual Academy
- San Pascual National Agricultural High School
- Tapal Integrated School
- Tubog Integrated School
- Ubay National Science High School
- Montessori Educational Learning Centre of Ubay (High school)
- Union National High School
Private elementary schools
- Bohol Northeastern Education Foundation
- Grace Multi-Level School
- Icthus Christian Academy
- Sacred Heart Learning and Formation Center
- Ubay Seventh Day Adventist Multigrade School
- Montessori Educational Learning Center of Ubay
Public elementary schools
- Achila Primary School
- Bay-ang Elementary School
- Benliw Elementary School
- Bongbong Elementary School
- Bood Elementary School
- Buenavista Elementary School
- Bulilis Elementary School
- Cagting Elementary School
- Calanggaman Elementary School
- California Elementary School
- Camambugan Elementary School
- Casate Elementary School
- Cuya Primary School
- Fatima Elementary School
- Gabi Elementary School
- Governor Boyles Elementary School
- Guintaboan Elementary School
- Hambabauran Elementary School
- Humayhumay Elementary School
- Ilihan Elementary School
- Imelda Elementary School
- Juagdan Elementary School
- Katarungan Elementary School
- Lomangog Elementary School
- Luz Elementary School (Camali-an)
- New Los Angeles Elementary School
- Pag-asa Elementary School
- Pangpang Elementary School
- San Francisco Elementary School
- San Isidro Primary School
- San Vicente Elementary School
- Sentinela Elementary School
- Sinandigan Elementary School
- Tapal Integrated School
- Tapon Elementary School
- Tintinan Elementary School
- Tipolo Elementary School
- Tres Reyes Primary School
- Tubog Integrated School
- Tuboran Elementary School
- Ubay I Central Elementary School (Poblacion)
- Ubay II Central Elementary School (Biabas)
- Ubay III Central Elementary School (San Pascual)
- Union Elementary School
- Villa Teresita Elementary School
Communication and mass media
Ubay is a home of two radio broadcasting stations, at least one local newspaper and two cable television companies. There are also three cellular and internet service providers and more than 10 cyber cafes operating in the municipality.
- ABS-CBN: Channel 3
- GMA-7: Channel 11
- ABS-CBN Sports and Action: Channel 23
- TV5: Channel 21
- RPN 9TV: Channel 9
- IBC TV-13: Channel 13
Currently, Ubay has two radio stations in operation.
- DYZT-FM: Hot FM 102.3 MHz - Manila Broadcasting Company (Official Site)
- DYZD-AM: Radyo Balita 1422 kHz - Bohol Chronicle Radio Corporation
- Eutiquio Boyles - the fifth provincial governor of Bohol which served from October 16, 1916 - October 15, 1919. The barangay of Governor Boyles was named after him.
- Erico B. Aumentado - the only Bohol governor which served for three consecutive terms (2001–2010), former deputy speaker of the Philippine House of Representatives, former congressman of Bohol's 2nd District, former provincial vice-governor and Board Member.
- Arturo Mendez Evangelista - the first Boholano PNPAer to become the Provincial Director of Bohol Provincial Police Office (BPPO). Under his stewardship, the BPPO Police Mobile Group (701st PMG) was awarded as the PNP’s “PMG of the year 2006” nationwide for the first time.
- "Municipality of Ubay". Province of Bohol. 2011-09-11. Retrieved 2012-09-21.
- "Ubay Socio-Economic Profile". Municipality of Ubay. 2010-10-10. Retrieved 2012-09-21.
- "Population and Annual Growth Region VII". National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-10-21.
- "Income Classification of Provinces". NSCB. Retrieved 2012-06-01.
- "Province: Bohol". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- nscb.gov.ph "Bohol Statistics". NSCB. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Toponyms of Bohol and its Towns". Jes B. Tirol. Retrieved 2012-11-04.
- "Bohol Total Population". National Statistics Office. 2010-05-01. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- "Philippine Institute for Development Studies, Discussion Paper Series No. 2007-02". Efren B. Sanz. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
- "Weather Statistics of Ubay, Bohol". Sunmap EU. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- "Ubay Stock Farm". Cebu Daily News. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- "DA, BFAR as partners for Bohol’s self-sufficiency". EDCom Bohol. April 21, 2011. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
- "Sinandigan Multi-Species Hatchery". Bohol Sunday Post. April 24, 2011. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
- "Gaviola Ancestral House". GV Hotel. January 1, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "The Unexpected Ubay". Lakambining Gala. April 17, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "Ubay Annual Town Fiesta". Ubay LGU. January 1, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "Eutiquio M. Bernales". Bohol Choice Cuts. 2004-07-04. Retrieved 2013-12-21.
- Boysillo, Florencio (October 1990). "The Province of Bohol". Ubay Past and Present 47: 11.
- "List of Public Schools in Bohol 2nd District". DepEd Bohol. Retrieved 21 Oct 2012.
- "Radio Stations in Bohol". Asia Waves.net. March 18, 2014. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "Bohol Governors, Past and Present". Province of Bohol. Retrieved 2012-12-25.
- "A Legacy of Life and Work". Bohol Chronicle. Retrieved 2013-12-25.
- "A True Ubayano". Tubag Bohol. Retrieved 2012-01-10.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ubay, Bohol.|
- Municipality of Ubay, Bohol
- Municipality of Ubay
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
||Bien Unido||Camotes Sea||Pres. C. P. Garcia|