Ubay, Bohol

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Ubay Bohol 2.JPG
Motto: Onward Ubay
Map of Bohol showing the location of Ubay
Map of Bohol showing the location of Ubay
Ubay is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°03′N 124°28′E / 10.050°N 124.467°E / 10.050; 124.467Coordinates: 10°03′N 124°28′E / 10.050°N 124.467°E / 10.050; 124.467
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Bohol
District 2nd District of Bohol
Founded 15 January 1844
Town Established October 5, 1877
Barangay 44 (see § Barangays)
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Galicano E. Atup. (Liberal)
 • Vice Mayor Nelson L. Uy (Liberal)
 • Total 335.06 km2 (129.37 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 68,578
 • Density 200/km2 (530/sq mi)
Demonym Ubayanon
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6315
IDD:area code +63 (0)38
Income class 1st Class[4]
Standard Geographic Code 071246000
Roman Catholic Church, Poblacion
Map of Ubay's barangays

Ubay is a first class municipality in the island province of Bohol, Philippines. Ubay lies off the northeastern part of the province, and has an area of approximately 335.06 square kilometres (129.37 sq mi), with about 61 kilometres (38 mi) of coastline.[5] According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 68,578, making Ubay the largest and most populated municipality in Bohol.[6]

Ubay celebrates its town fiesta every 29 January in honor of the patron saint (Holy Infant).


The town's name is a contraction of the term ubay-ubay, meaning "alongside".[1]

According to the Diccionario Español-Bisaya, 1885 by Fr. Juan Feliz dela Encarnacion, the Bisayan word "ubay" means, a.) To accompany other in bed or along the side, be they persons or animals. b.) The running, flow or rivers, streams, etc. from one place to another. c.) A little bit much or somewhat plenty as when someone inquires about the bounties of a harvest or fish catch.

The flow of seawater between the mainland and the island of Lapinig Grande (now Pres. C.P. Garcia town) could justify the second definition of Ubay. It is a situation that is permanent and the constant reference to the flow of water can make the term ubay be attached as the name of the place: the name of Ubay is a toponym.[7]


The town is situated east of Trinidad, north of Alicia and Mabini, northeast of San Miguel and is about 124 kilometres (77 mi) northeast of the provincial capital, Tagbilaran, 636 kilometres (395 mi) southeast of Manila and 71 kilometres (44 mi) east of Cebu City.


Ubay is divided into eight districts which are further subdivided into 44 barangays in total. Below is the list of barangays, which also includes their respective population size, land area, population density, district assignment, and date of their barrio fiesta

Barangay Population
(2007 census)
(2010 census)[8]
Land Area
(km²) 2002[9]
Pop. density
(per km²)
District Date of Fiesta
1,246 1,276 3.84 332.3
January 15
1,626 1,656 6.32 262
May 21
2,006 2,223 5.89 377.4
May 13
2,207 2,573 22.00 117
May 17
779 807 1.61 501.2
December 8
2,397 2,717 1.52 1787.5
January 16
711 688 6.51 105.7
Last Saturday of April
1,705 1,711 7.40 231.2
December 8
1,853 1,597 10.44 153
January 24
1,590 1,623 6.18 262.6
December 8
713 801 3.19 251.1
May 13
528 581 5.32 109.2
November 26
2,048 2,251 5.47 411.5
May 15
2,710 2,512 4.60 546.1
April 5
469 516 0.66 781.8
February 6
3,056 3,235 0.75 4313.3
May 13
1,303 1,378 16.46 83.7
December 9
Governor Boyles
784 888 8.24 107.8
May 15
625 686 0.66 1039.4
January 15
962 1,106 5.21 212.3
January 15
1,765 1,708 8.15 209.6
February 14
843 802 16.83 47.7
May 15
1,895 1,761 6.57 268
May 8 & Nov. 27
1,106 1,121 1.31 855.7
May 23
1,294 1,524 4.09 372.6
May 30
2,033 2,025 6.42 315.4
January 15
Los Angeles
397 436 2.74 159.1
April 27
1,081 1,168 3.78 309
December 8
1,038 1,220 4.50 271.1
December 15
3,698 3,633 1.99 1825.6
Last Friday of January
San Francisco
1,497 1,677 11.07 151.5
June 26
San Isidro
583 707 2.62 269.8
May 21
San Pascual
3,088 3,127 9.73 321.4
Last Saturday of April
San Vicente
962 1,074 49.66 21.6
April 5
936 969 2.71 357.6
May 29
1,923 1,874 6.07 308.7
December 8
1,212 1,371 2.90 472.8
May 3
2,514 2,481 1.53 1621.6
June 29
580 623 0.31 2009.7
September 29
2,208 2,456 6.55 375
April 5
868 885 5.14 172.2
May 16
1,135 1,372 5.47 250.8
January 15
2,412 2,332 5.14 453.7
January 15
Villa Teresita
1,514 1,407 12.62 111.5
November 28


Precipitation is throughout the year making agriculture favorable. Two climate conditions exist: Type D, which is characterized by rainfall more or less evenly distributed all year round and Type E, with no dry season and a very pronounced maximum rainfall from November to January.[10]

Type E affects the eastern part of Ubay and Type D affects the western part of Ubay.


Before the Spanish regime, Ubay was a part of Talibon. Gregoria "Berudja" Palestina y Reyes became the leader of the community and was very much respected by the Ubayanons. On January 15, 1844, it separated from Talibon to become an independent municipality. The first town executive was Toribio Reyes, the only child of Gregoria "Berudja" Palestina y Reyes.[1]

The religious aspect of the town was established much later than the civil aspect of the town. The decree of the Spanish Governor General creating Ubay as a town in the religious aspect is dated October 22, 1877. However, Royal Order No. 695 issued by the King of Spain has the date October 5, 1877.

The civil aspect of the town is obtained from through inference from the records. At the National Archives, there is a yearly publication known as Guia de Forasteros (Guide to Foreigners). The listing from the year 1834 to 1865 is available. The first time that Ubay was listed as town was on year 1844 and listed every year thereafter. Therefore, Ubay became a town in the civil aspect in 1844.[7]


Population census of Ubay
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 7,355 —    
1918 8,255 +0.77%
1939 21,213 +4.60%
1948 29,961 +3.91%
1960 34,090 +1.08%
1970 32,717 −0.41%
1975 34,195 +0.89%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1980 38,289 +2.29%
1990 48,902 +2.48%
1995 50,745 +0.70%
2000 59,827 +3.59%
2007 65,900 +1.34%
2010 68,578 +1.46%

When the first national census held in 1903, the municipality has a population 7,355. It continued to grow until 1960 with 34090 (annual growth rate of 2.73% over the period). The population markedly decreased in 1970 with the creation of the municipality of Pres. C.P. Garcia, formerly a constituent barangay. Since 1970, annual growth rate (1970-2010) is 1.87%.

The primary language of the population is Cebuano, while Filipino and English are also spoken in a limited amount.


Public market

Commerce and trade[edit]

Ubay has a number of business establishments mostly small-scale commercial trading firms engaged in retail and wholesale. A new public market building was completed recently. The regular market day is Monday and local traders from neighboring towns come to sell their merchandise consisting mostly of agricultural products and small consumer items like used clothes, household utensils and other products. Ubay also provides a market for the neighboring island municipality of Carlos P. Garcia. Local trade with Leyte and Cebu are facilitated by regular daily or twice-daily boat trips to and from Maasin City, Southern Leyte, and Bato, Leyte and Cebu City. Passenger and cargo traffic to these destinations has also noticeably increased over the years indicating an also increasing volume of trade between these points.


Various communication companies (4 phone companies) provided the public with access to local and international communication services. Messengerial, courier and postal services were also available in town. Internal transportation was relatively good because of the presence of good dirt roads crisscrossing the municipal landscape. The most common form of transportation was the tricycle for nearer barangays. For far barangays, the most common mode of transport was the motorcycle. Normally, motorcycle fare was very much higher than other forms but this was the only way to reach these barangays faster. All barangays were connected by roads and the only places where there were no roads were the steep slopes in the central mountains.

Tourism and Culture[edit]

Ubay's point of interests, destinations, and attractions include:

  • Ubay Stock Farm (USF): Started in 1921 and measures 4,500 hectares, it is the largest and the oldest government livestock facilities in the Philippines. The place was chosen as one of the accredited livestock technology training facility for Visayas and Mindanao. It is located in barangay Lomangog.[11]
  • Bohol Experimental Station: The Integrated Agricultural Research Center of Department of Agriculture in Central Visayas. It is a PhilRice's national lead agency for the planning, coordination, implementation, and monitoring of all rice research and development activities in the Philippines. It is stragetically located in barangay Gabi.
  • Capayas Dam: One of the largest dams in the province and located along the national highway in barangay Bay-ang. It is the major source of water supply of the town for home use and irrigation.
  • Ubay Agri-Park: The first of its kind in the Visayan region was recently launched to boost the agriculture and tourism industries in the area. A 100-hectare land situated along the national highway in Lomangog. Ubay Agri-Park helps to promote agri-tourism or "farm tourism," is also a showcase of Bohol’s advancement in farm technology. Guests or visitors can interact with the park’s personnel on various aspects of farm technology, and they leave the park much richer in agricultural knowledge or production.
  • Sinandigan Multi-Species Hatchery: It is the biggest multi-species hatchery farm in the Philipines.[12] A fishery infrastructure and mariculture park established to enable the fish farmers to become totally independent from wild stocks and to promote a more stable food security for the province. The facility is producing fingerlings of various fisheries products such as, but not limited to, milkfish (bangus), groupers (lapulapu), and siganids (kitong, danggit). It also houses a seaweed tissue culture laboratory which aims to rehabilitate quality seagrass planting materials using tissue branch culture, spore shredding and callus cell culture. It is supervised by the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) and inaugurated in April 2011.[13]
  • The Gaviola Ancestral House: Located at Poblacion near the Church plaza, this Filipino-Spanish house was the residence of Don Ruperto Gaviola (former mayor of Ubay). The two-storey house has a traditional cut stone ground and a wooden painted ceiling made by Cebuano artist Ray Francia.[14]


The town has a variety of restaurants and food venues. San's Grille chicken Ati-Atihan[15] and Kiddie's restaurant, both located at Col. Mariano St., Poblacion serve a number local Filipino dishes and chicken inasal. Other known dining locales are Perkins Petter Restaurant, Mr. Liempo Ubay, and Sailor's Inn.


  • Ube Calamay: It is a purple rice cake, (Calamay) with Ube. This sweet and delightful delicacy is said to be originated from this town because of its large plantations of Ube (purple yam).
  • Fried Ube bread: Another mouthwatering delicacy made of ube. It is a deep fried bread filled with purple yam.[15]

Ubay-ubay Festival[edit]

Like the Sinulog of Cebu, the Ubay-ubay Festival is the town's own version in celebration and honor of the patron saint, Sr. Santo Niño. This colorful and fascinating festivity is a well-attended event where devotees and tourists flock the town's major roads and venues to view the exciting grand street parade and the festival dance-competition. This celebration often held between the 28th and 30th of January, every year.[16]

Local government[edit]

Ubay Municipal Hall

Ubay is govern by the Municipal Mayor as head of the municipality. The vice-mayor is the next highest position and act as the presiding officer of Municipal Council. They are elected every three years during the midterm and national elections, and they can serve until three terms of office. The Municipal Council or Sangguniang Bayan is composed of 8 regular members, and the ex officio members that are the Association of Barangay Chairmen President, and the Sangguniang Kabataan Federation President.

Present government

Elected Officials - 2013-2016:

  • Mayor: Galicano E. Atup
  • Vice Mayor: Nelson L. Uy



The improvement of the Bohol circumferential road and the port facilities had helped Ubay to become the trading and transportation hub of northeastern Bohol connecting it to the neighboring island of Leyte and the rest of Bohol province.

Ubay is home to one of only two airports in Bohol (the other being Tagbilaran Airport), but Ubay Airport has no scheduled service, nor any facilities.

Land transportation is provided by various short and long-distance buses, jeeps and vans, connecting Ubay to the rest of the towns in the province. Tagbilaran can be reached from Ubay in two to three hours by bus or van. Bolanos Bus Lines, Mega Bus Lines, UltraBus Lines and Silver Star Bus Lines are the bus companies driving the Ubay to Metro Manila (Pasay City / Cubao, Quezon City) route with each bus line having at least one daily trip.


For health services, the town has two public health units staffed by doctors, nurses, midwives, dentists, medical technologists and sanitary inspectors. A small government hospital was established to provide outpatient services to local residents. A private 15-bed hospital also provides services for emergencies. A pediatric and OB-Gyne clinic compliment the health services available in town.

Barangay Health Workers (BHW) from each barangay provided direct health care assistance to barangay residents.

Public order and safety[edit]

The local police force is 37 police officers. Police-population ratio was computed at 1:Use the colon (:) to invoke the magic word directly instead of the pipe (|) which invokes the template., less favourable than the standard ratio of 1:1,000. The police are augmented by 492 Barangay Tanod volunteers. It is reported that crime rate in Ubay is relatively low. The local Fire Department is staffed by eight fire fighters with two fire trucks. Incidence of fires is reportedly low in the municipality.


Bohol was linked to the major source of geothermal power in Leyte through the underwater connection between Maasin City, Southern Leyte and Ubay. Presently, only three of the 44 barangays had no electricity, yet only 34.97 percent of the total households in the municipality had electricity compared to the province, which was 58.3 percent energized in 2000.

The town proper and seven other barangays was served by the Ubay Water and Sanitation Cooperative. The cooperative planned to expand their service to eight other barangays in the near future. Due to consumer demand and the limited size of the supply, water service became difficult during dry months. Bohol province reported that 23.71 percent of its households had their own faucets from a community system while Ubay reported only 8.97 percent.

For the province, 21.68 percent of households had access to shared faucets while Ubay only had 8.86 percent. In Ubay, slightly more than half (51.83%) of the households had access to dug wells.


College school[edit]

To meet the increasing demands of growing college, the Bohol Northeastern College was founded in 1996 and established by famous Ubayano great political leaders, Erico B. Aumentado and former governor David B. Tirol. The name was later changed to Bohol Northern Star Colleges in January 2007.

Secondary and high schools[edit]

  • Biabas Trade High School
  • Bohol Northeastern Education Foundation
  • Bulilis High School
  • Cagting High School
  • Camambugan National High School
  • Hambabauran High School
  • Holy Child Academy
  • Icthus Christian Academy
  • Sacred Heart Learning and Formation Center
  • San Pascual Academy
  • San Pascual National Agricultural High School
  • Tapal Integrated School
  • Tubog Integrated School
  • Ubay National Science High School
  • Montessori Educational Learning Centre of Ubay (High school)
  • Union National High School[17]

Elementary schools[edit]

Private elementary schools[edit]

  • Bohol Northeastern Education Foundation
  • Grace Multi-Level School
  • Icthus Christian Academy
  • Sacred Heart Learning and Formation Center
  • Ubay Seventh Day Adventist Multigrade School
  • Montessori Educational Learning Center of Ubay

Public elementary schools[edit]

  • Achila Primary School
  • Bay-ang Elementary School
  • Benliw Elementary School
  • Bongbong Elementary School
  • Bood Elementary School
  • Buenavista Elementary School
  • Bulilis Elementary School
  • Cagting Elementary School
  • Calanggaman Elementary School
  • California Elementary School
  • Camambugan Elementary School
  • Casate Elementary School
  • Cuya Primary School
  • Fatima Elementary School
  • Gabi Elementary School
  • Governor Boyles Elementary School
  • Guintaboan Elementary School
  • Hambabauran Elementary School
  • Humayhumay Elementary School
  • Ilihan Elementary School
  • Imelda Elementary School
  • Juagdan Elementary School
  • Katarungan Elementary School
  • Lomangog Elementary School
  • Luz Elementary School (Camali-an)
  • New Los Angeles Elementary School
  • Pag-asa Elementary School
  • Pangpang Elementary School
  • San Francisco Elementary School
  • San Isidro Primary School
  • San Vicente Elementary School
  • Sentinela Elementary School
  • Sinandigan Elementary School
  • Tapal Integrated School
  • Tapon Elementary School
  • Tintinan Elementary School
  • Tipolo Elementary School
  • Tres Reyes Primary School
  • Tubog Integrated School
  • Tuboran Elementary School
  • Ubay I Central Elementary School (Poblacion)
  • Ubay II Central Elementary School (Biabas)
  • Ubay III Central Elementary School (San Pascual)
  • Union Elementary School
  • Villa Teresita Elementary School[17]

Communication and mass media[edit]

Ubay is a home of two radio broadcasting stations, at least one local newspaper and two cable television companies. There are also three cellular and internet service providers and more than 10 cyber cafes operating in the municipality.

Television networks[edit]

Radio Stations[edit]

Currently, Ubay has two radio stations in operation.[18]

Notable Ubayanos[edit]

  • Eutiquio Boyles - who served as the fifth provincial governor of Bohol from October 16, 1916 - October 15, 1919. Barangay Governor Boyles was named after him.[19]


  1. ^ a b c "Municipality of Ubay". Province of Bohol. 2011-09-11. Retrieved 2012-09-21. 
  2. ^ "Ubay Socio-Economic Profile". Municipality of Ubay. 2010-10-10. Retrieved 2012-09-21. 
  3. ^ "Population and Annual Growth Region VII". National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-10-21. 
  4. ^ "Income Classification of Provinces". NSCB. Retrieved 2012-06-01. 
  5. ^ "Province: Bohol". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 
  6. ^ nscb.gov.ph "Bohol Statistics". NSCB. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  7. ^ a b "Toponyms of Bohol and its Towns". Jes B. Tirol. Retrieved 2012-11-04. 
  8. ^ "Bohol Total Population". National Statistics Office. 2010-05-01. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  9. ^ "Philippine Institute for Development Studies, Discussion Paper Series No. 2007-02". Efren B. Sanz. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  10. ^ "Weather Statistics of Ubay, Bohol". Sunmap EU. Retrieved 2013-06-01. 
  11. ^ "Ubay Stock Farm". Cebu Daily News. Retrieved October 21, 2012. 
  12. ^ "DA, BFAR as partners for Bohol’s self-sufficiency". EDCom Bohol. April 21, 2011. Retrieved October 20, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Sinandigan Multi-Species Hatchery". Bohol Sunday Post. April 24, 2011. Retrieved October 20, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Gaviola Ancestral House". GV Hotel. January 1, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "The Unexpected Ubay". Lakambining Gala. April 17, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Ubay Annual Town Fiesta". Ubay LGU. January 1, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  17. ^ a b "List of Public Schools in Bohol 2nd District". DepEd Bohol. Retrieved 21 Oct 2012. 
  18. ^ "Radio Stations in Bohol". Asia Waves.net. March 18, 2014. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Bohol Governors, Past and Present". Province of Bohol. Retrieved 2012-12-25. 
  20. ^ "A Legacy of Life and Work". Bohol Chronicle. Retrieved 2013-12-25. 

External links[edit]