Ubiquitous city

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A ubiquitous city or U-city (also known as a smart city) is a concept of integration of ubiquitous computing within an urban environment. It can be described as a merge of information systems and social systems, where virtually every device and service is linked to an information network through wireless networking and RFID tags and sensors.[1] Anthony Townsend, a research director at the Institute for the Future in Palo Alto, California, and a former Fulbright scholar in Seoul views U-city as an exclusively Korean idea.[2]


To date, the concept has received most attention in South Korea, which plans to build 15 ubiquitous cities. The largest among them will be Songdo, Incheon,[3] which is under construction now.[4] The first U-City in South Korea, Hwaseong-Dongtan, has been opened in 2007. It features diverse U-Services that include U-Traffic, U-Parking, and U-Crime Prevention.

In the United States, the Manhattan Harbour project in Dayton, Kentucky plans to incorporate some features of a ubiquitous city and become a high-tech community. Future residents of mixed-use development along the Ohio River will be using smart phones to pay for services and purchased goods, while the urban infrastructure will be equipped with RFID tags.[5]

Near Hobbs, New Mexico, a high-tech scientific empty of residents experimental ubiquitous town was planned to be constructed in Lea County by a technology development company and Department of Defense contractor Pegasus Global Holdings with approximately one billion dollars of investments.[6][7] New technologies such as driverless cars, renewable energy feeds, state-of-the-art communication networks including terrorism security systems and other Internet of Things type of applications and devices were planned to be tested on a 20 square miles site. However, the plans to build The Center for Innovation, Testing and Evaluation were put on hold in July 2012 due to the land acquisition issues.[8]

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Further reading[edit]

  • Anthopoulos, Leonidas, and Panos Fitsilis. From digital to ubiquitous cities: Defining a common architecture for urban development. Intelligent Environments (IE), 2010 Sixth International Conference on. IEEE, 2010. PDF
  • Firmino, Rodrigo José, Fábio Duarte, and Clovis Ultramari. ICTs for Mobile and Ubiquitous Urban Infrastructures: Surveillance, Locative Media, and Global Networks. Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference, 2011.
  • Hyang-Sook, C., Byung-Sun, C. and Woong-Hee, P., Ubiquitous-City Business Strategies: The Case of South Korea. In: Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET 2007), IEEE (2007).
  • Jeong, Byungjoo, and Youngro Lee. Ubiquitous IT towards Sustainable City Development in Korea. The Second International Conference on Mobile Ubiquitous Computing, Systems, Services and Technologies. UBICOMM 2008. September 29 - October 4, 2008.
  • Shepard, Mark. Sentient City: Ubiquitous Computing, Architecture, and the Future of Urban Space. New York City: Architectural League of New York, 2011.
  • Wood, Andrew F. City Ubiquitous: Place, Communication, and the Rise of Omnitopia. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press, 2009.

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