A ubiquitous city or U-city (also known as a smart city) is a concept of integration of ubiquitous computing within an urban environment. It can be described as a merge of information systems and social systems, where virtually every device and service is linked to an information network through wireless networking and RFID tags and sensors. Anthony Townsend, a research director at the Institute for the Future in Palo Alto, California, and a former Fulbright scholar in Seoul views U-city as an exclusively Korean idea.
To date, the concept has received most attention in South Korea, which plans to build 15 ubiquitous cities. The largest among them will be Songdo, Incheon, which is under construction now. The first U-City in South Korea, Hwaseong-Dongtan, has been opened in 2007. It features diverse U-Services that include U-Traffic, U-Parking, and U-Crime Prevention.
In the United States, the Manhattan Harbour project in Dayton, Kentucky plans to incorporate some features of a ubiquitous city and become a high-tech community. Future residents of mixed-use development along the Ohio River will be using smart phones to pay for services and purchased goods, while the urban infrastructure will be equipped with RFID tags.
Near Hobbs, New Mexico, a high-tech scientific empty of residents experimental ubiquitous town was planned to be constructed in Lea County by a technology development company and Department of Defense contractor Pegasus Global Holdings with approximately one billion dollars of investments. New technologies such as driverless cars, renewable energy feeds, state-of-the-art communication networks including terrorism security systems and other Internet of Things type of applications and devices were planned to be tested on a 20 square miles site. However, the plans to build The Center for Innovation, Testing and Evaluation were put on hold in July 2012 due to the land acquisition issues.
- Ubiquitous (Smart) City.
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- Manhattan Harbour
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- Jeri Clausing (July 13, 2012). "Developers pull plans for New Mexico ghost town". AP. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
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