|This article relies on references to primary sources. (March 2014)|
Ubuntu Studio 9.10
|Developer||Ubuntu Studio Project|
|Source model||Free and open-source software|
|Latest release||14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr / 17 April 2014|
|Marketing target||Multimedia enthusiasts|
|Available in||English, French, Spanish, Portuguese|
|Package manager||Advanced Packaging Tool (APT)|
|Kernel type||Monolithic (Linux)|
|Default user interface||Xfce (formerly GNOME)|
|License||Mainly the GNU GPL / various others|
Ubuntu Studio is an officially recognized derivative of the Ubuntu Linux distribution, which is explicitly geared to general multimedia production. The original version, based on Ubuntu 7.04, was released on 10 May 2007.
The real-time kernel, first included with Ubuntu Studio 8.04, was modified for intensive audio, video or graphics work. The 8.10 Ubuntu Studio release lacks this real-time kernel. It has been reimplemented in the 9.04 Ubuntu Studio release and stabilized with the release of 9.10. 10.04 Ubuntu Studio, in contrast, does not include the real-time kernel by default. As of version 10.10 of the Ubuntu Studio, the real-time kernel is no longer available in the repositories.
As of Ubuntu Studio 12.04, the default kernel is linux-lowlatency, which in essence is a generic Ubuntu Linux kernel, with a tweaked configuration to allow for stable operation for audio applications at lower latencies. Since much of the real-time patch has now been implemented into the vanilla kernel, and considering the difficulties in maintaining linux-rt, Ubuntu Studio decided on using linux-lowlatency in its place.
Typically, computers used as audio workstations rely on hardware monitoring which may provide low latency, but does not allow the live signal to be manipulated beyond available hardware effects. To manipulate a live signal, software processing of the signal is necessary, which most audio work stations can only achieve with latencies greater than several tens of milliseconds. Thus, a notable advantage of linux-lowlatency is being able to achieve software processing with latencies well below the human perception threshold of 20 millseconds.
The scheduler allows applications to request immediate CPU time, which can drastically reduce audio latency. In 9.10, the "Ubuntu Studio Controls" provided under System>Administration permit the user to "Enable Nice", allowing the use of wireless networking and proprietary graphics cards drivers while maintaining low audio latency free of XRUNs (audio drop-outs) in JACK. A more negative value entered for nice reserves more CPU time for real-time audio processes.
Appearance and sound theme
Ubuntu Studio also includes custom artwork and a blue-on-black theme, as opposed to Ubuntu's default purple and orange. As with the main distribution of Ubuntu, if an accelerated graphics card and appropriate driver are used, the advanced desktop effects can be enabled. More advanced Compiz effects are available in the Synaptic Package Manager (i.e., Ubuntu repositories). In Karmic 9.10, a fresh sound theme replaces the default Ubuntu theme, with a reverberating melody at startup, and an occasional knock or ping from a button or prompt.
Access to Ubuntu repositories
An important advantage of Ubuntu Studio over most other Linux distributions employing the real-time kernel is access to the same repositories available to the main Ubuntu distributions through the Update Manager, Synaptic Package Manager, as well as through the Add/Remove Applications prompt. This allows for much more frequent operating system updates, and access to a much wider range of software.
In the past there has been no live version available of Ubuntu Studio, and no graphical installer. Since the 12.04 release, Ubuntu Studio is already available as a Live DVD. The disk image is about 1.8 GB, too large to fit on a standard CD, and as a result the recommended installation medium for Ubuntu Studio is a DVD or USB flash drive. Ubuntu Studio can also be installed on a pre-existing Ubuntu installation by installing the "ubuntustudio-desktop" package from Advanced Packaging Tool.
In 9.10, the package "ubuntustudio-audio," shown during installation (and also available in the Synaptic Package Manager), cannot be installed without a working Internet connection.
A readily available internet connection is required after installation to maintain system components.
- a2jmidid – a2jmidid is a daemon for exposing legacy ALSA sequencer applications in JACK MIDI system.
- Ardour – a hard disk recorder and digital audio workstation application (Works with JACK).
- Audacious – a lightweight audio player.
- Audacity – a digital audio editor application.
- BEAST – music composition and modular synthesis application.
- Creox – A real-time guitar effects program (works with JACK).
- FluidSynth – Software Wavetable Synthesizer (Works with JACK).
- Hydrogen – an advanced drum machine (Works with JACK).
- JACK Audio Connection Kit – a sound server daemon that provides low latency connections between applications for both audio and MIDI data.
- Jack Rack – Virtual rackmount of LADSPA DSP effects plugins (Works with JACK).
- JAMin – the JACK Audio Connection Kit Audio Mastering interface (Works with JACK).
- LilyPond – a program for engraving sheet music
- Mixxx – a digital DJ-style mixing program (Not included in latest release - it must be installed manually)
- MusE – a MIDI/Audio sequencer using JACK and ALSA
- MuseScore – a music scorewriter for Linux, Microsoft Windows, and Mac
- Patchage – GUI access to patch MIDI and Audio software together for JACK.
- Pure Data – a programming environment for multimedia (Works with Jack).
- Rosegarden – a digital audio workstation program (works with JACK). (Not included in latest release – it must be installed)
- Tapiir – a software multitap delay with realtime audio I/O. (works with JACK).
- Timemachine – Records the last 30 seconds of sound to the hard drive, so a 'one off' sound can be captured (Works with JACK).
- TiMidity++ – a software synthesizer that is able to convert from MIDI to various formats.
- Xwax – a vinyl record emulator.
- ZynAddSubFX – a complex yet easy to use subtractive, additive, FM synthesizer with DSP effects, and exceptional software synthesizer (Works with JACK). (Not included in latest release – it must be installed)
- Yoshimi – based on ZynAddSubFX but improves audio and MIDI capabilities, in particular, JACK performance.
- PiTiVi – a video editing program (not included in latest release)
- Kino – a non-linear digital video editor
- Stopmotion – a stop-motion animation movie creator
- VLC media player – a media player, was removed before 7.04 Feisty
- Xjadeo – a simple video player that gets sync from JACK transport
- Agave – a color scheme generator
- Blender – a 3D animation program
- Enblend – an image compositing program
- FontForge – a typeface (font) editor program
- GIMP – a raster graphics editor
- Hugin – photo stitching and HDR merging program
- Inkscape – a vector graphics editor
- Scribus – a desktop publishing application
- Synfig – a 2D vector graphics and timeline-based animation program
- 64 Studio – a multimedia production-oriented distribution based on Debian
- Planet CCRMA – a set of Red Hat packages of multimedia production software
- Dyne:bolic – a multimedia creation oriented Live CD
- Puredyne – a multimedia oriented Live CD
- Adam Conrad (17 April 2014). "Ubuntu 14.04 LTS (Trusty Tahr) released". Ubuntu Mailing Lists. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- Ubuntu Derivatives, Canonical Ltd., Retrieved on 1 August 2013
- "Ubuntu Studio 11.10 Oneiric Ocelot Release Notes". Canonical, Ltd. Retrieved 29 March 2012.
- Trumm, Aaron (2004), "The Linux-Based Recording Studio", Linux Journal 2004 (121)
- Pleia2, "Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (Precise Pangolin) Beta 1 Released", http://fridge.ubuntu.com/2012/03/01/ubuntu-12-04-lts-precise-pangolin-beta-1-released/, on 3 March 2012
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ubuntu Studio.|
- Ubuntu Studio homepage
- Ubuntu Studio applications
- Ubuntu Wiki
- Boing Boing - Ubuntu studio - Linux for multimedia creation (21 July 2007)
- Ubuntu Studio at DistroWatch listing of distributions and applications with links